hebrew
1)

Why does the Pasuk use the word "Libchem" and not "Levavchem"?

1.

Rashi (citing Midrash Rabah): Because they were angels, 1 and angels do not have a Yeitzer-ha'Ra 2 (which, in connection with human-beings is hinted in the second 'Beis').


1

Even though Avraham took them to be Arabs, as Rashi explained in the previous Pasuk.

2

In fact, it is from here that the Midrash learns it.

2)

What did Avraham mean when he said "Ki al-Kein Avartem al Avd'chem"?

1.

Rashi: He meant that, since they had come to his home, they should do him the honor of coming in to partake of a meal.

2.

Ramban: Now that they were passing his abode, it was only correct that they break their journey and rest by him for a short while.

3.

Targum Yonasan: Since they arrived at meal-time, it was a sure sign that they had to accept his invitation and come in for a meal before continuing on their way.

3)

What is the significance of the angels' reply "Kein Ta'aseh Ka'asher Dibarta"?

1.

Targum Yonasan: 'You spoke well! Do as you said!'

2.

Ramban #1 (citing the Ibn Ezra) and Riva: Although Avraham initially mentioned only bread, they, in their modesty, answered that that was fine with them.

3.

Ramban #2, Seforno and Hadar Zekenim: They meant that he should do as he said (to serve a meal and let them recline a little), but no more, since they were on an important mission and did not want to be delayed. 1

4.

Riva: You will do so (eat), but not we [angels]


1

In fact, says the Seforno, that explains why Avraham began to run to serve them.

2

Though Avraham, in his eagernesss to perform Chesed, did not get the hint.

4)

Why did the angels accept Avraham's offer immediately, but initially refuse that of Lot?

1.

Rashi (later in Bereishis 19:2): We learn from here that one refuses a 'small person' but not an important one.

5)

Seeing as Avraham intended to serve his guests a full meal, why did he initially offer them only bread?

1.

Rashbam: Because such is the way of Tzadikim, 1 to say little and do a lot.


1

See Rashi, Bereishis 23:16.

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