hebrew
1)

Why is the second "Efron" missing a 'Vav'?

1.

Rashi (citing Bava Metzi'a, 87a): Because he talked big, and didn't even do little! Initially, he offered him the entire complex free of charge, whereas in the end, he took the full price 1 and made him pay Kantarin, which are accepted everywhere 2 (100 times larger than normal coins).

2.

Hadar Zekenim: Without the Vav, the Gematriya is 400, the same as that of "Ra Ayin" (stingy), and the amount of coins he demanded. 3


1

Oznayim la'Torah: To understand the magnitude of Efron's duplicity, compare the 400 Shekel (even if they were Kantarin) that he charged Avraham to the 100 Kesitah

2)

Seeing as Efron was still offering the property to him free, what does the Pasuk mean when it says that 'Avraham listened to Efron...'?

1.

Rashbam: It means that Avraham took the hint and paid him the amount that Efron mentioned. 1

2.

Malbim: Efron said 'bury your dead', i.e. and afterwards pay. Avraham knew that he would not acquire like this 2 , so first he paid, and afterwards buried.


1

This suggests that when Efron offered him the field free of charge, he was merely putting on a show, and that, in fact, he expected Avraham to pay in full.

2

Refer to 23:19:151:1. Malbim implies that we learn this from "va'Yishma". Perhaps it means that Avraham understood Efron's scheme, therefore he insisted on paying first. (PF)

3)

What is the meaning of "Over la'Socher"?

1.

Rashi: Refer to 23:16:1:1. The Gemara in Bechoros, 50a explains that one Kantarin is equivalent to 100 Shekalim. 1

2.

Malbim: This was so Efron will not have any claim of Ona'ah (being underpaid).

3.

Ha'Emek Davar 2 : They are bigger, for they are accepted in far away places where they do not recognize the mintage, and rely only on the weight.


1

Which means that Avraham paid Efron (upon request) forty thousand Shekalim for the field.

2

He cites Erchin. I did not find it there. Perhaps Bereishis Rabah 58:7 implies like this. (PF)

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