hebrew
1)

Why is "Av Hamon Goyim" written twice (here Pasuk 4 and in Pasuk 5)?

1.

Ba'al ha'Turim: Because the Gematriyah of "Av Hamon Goyim" is equivalent to that of 'Yitzchak'. 1


1

As is that of "Arbeh" (later in Bereishis 22:17).

2)

Why is it that, whereas Yakov is still referred to as 'Yakov', even though his name was changed to Yisrael, once Avram's name was changed to Avraham, it became forbidden to call him 'Avram'?

1.

Seforno: Because the Torah writes "Ki Av Hamon Goyim Nesaticha", in the past tense - to teach us that Avraham's name was already changed to 'Avraham'; as opposed to Yakov, whose name Yisrael really pertains to the future. Refer to 35:10:1:2.

2.

Chizkuni, Moshav Zekenim: He was called Avram when he was a Goy. Yakov was not a Goy.

3.

Da'as Zekenim: The name Avram changed through only one letter, but Yakov received a totally new name.

4.

Riva: "Yisrael" is not a full change. It is only lest people say that he took the Brachos through trickery.

5.

Divrei Eliyahu: It says "v'Hayah Shimcha Avraham." V'Hayah connotes immediately. It says (Bereishis 35:10) "Yisrael Yihyeh Shemecha." Yihyeh connotes at a later time.

3)

Why did Hashem give new names to Avraham and Yakov, but not to Yitzchak?

1.

Da'as Zekenim, Hadar Zekenim, Riva: Hashem himself gave the name Yitzchak. 1

2.

Moshav Zekenim, Riva: Hashem changed Avram, for this was his name when he was a Goy. 2 He changed Yakov, lest people say that he took the Brachos through trickery.


1

Hadar Zekenim and Riva ask that also Hashem gave the name Yakov, according to one Perush of Rashi (refer to 25:26:2:1)!

2

Riva: This also explains why of all the Imahos, only Sarah's name was changed.

4)

רש": שאף יו"ד של שרי נתרעמה: מה ענין התרעומת של היו"ד? ולמה ניתנה היו"ד בראש שמו של יהושע?

1.

גור אריה: האותיות בתורה שהם עם הצדיק, הם למעלה ממקום ההפסד וראוי להם הנצחיות, לכן היו"ד המורה על קטנות לא ראוי לה שינוי- ובפרט כאשר היא עם צדיק, ולכן היא התרעמה. הקב"ה נתנה בראש יהושע כי תכלית האבות- הוויה קטנה שלהם, נעשית ראש לבנים. עיי"ש.

2.

מהר"ל (תפארת ישראל פמ"ט, עמ' קנג, ד"ה ובמדרש): היו"ד משום קטנותה [שהרי היא הקטנה שבאותיות] מורה על התיחדות [יחוס אל היחיד, כגון 'שרי'- שרה לעם שלי, לעומת 'שרה' לכל העולם] וכל מה שבתורה הוא נצחי, ולכן ניתנה יו"ד זו ליהושע שנבדל מהמרגלים [למרות שהלך עמהם]. עיי"ש. 1


1

ועיי"ש מה ענין זה שהיו"ד ניטלה מסוף נקבה וניתנה בראש זכר.

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