hebrew
1)

"I shall make you into nations." Bearing in mind that Yishmael was already born, which "nations" was Hashem referring to?

1.

Rashi: Yisrael and Edom (Eisav). 1

2.

Ramban: He was referring to Yisrael themselves, who, on a number of occasions are called "Amim" and "Goyim."

3.

Radak: It is Yitzchak, Yishmael and B'nei Keturah. 2


1

Gur Aryeh (citing Mizrachi): Yisrael alone comprises one nation, and this phrase is plural. However, refer to 17:6:1.1.

2

Perhaps Radak is bothered by the same question as Ramban

2)

What is special about the fact that kings will descend from Avraham?

1.

Targum Yonasan: Kings will come from him who will rule over other nations.

QUESTIONS ON RASHI

3)

Rashi writes: " ... Yisrael and Edom." Ramban asks

1.

Gur Aryeh: Because Hashem wanted to mention Yisrael, He also informed Avraham of all the nations that would descend from him. The next verse, "your children after you" (17:7), will single out Yisrael as the perpetuation of the Bris.

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