hebrew
1)

What is the meaning of the description, "Pere Adam"?

1.

Rashi: The angel is informing Hagar that Yishmael will love hunting in the desert, as the Pasuk writes later (Bereishis 21:20) "And he dwelt in Midbar Paran 1 ...." According to Rashi's translation of "Pera'im" (Iyov 24:5), it means that he ran wild in the desert to rob and kill innocent wayfarers.

2.

Ramban: "Pere" Adam" is like "Ish Pere" - a wild man who is trained to work in the desert


1

Perhaps "Pere" is a play on the word Paran, the name of Yishma'el's hunting-ground.

2

Yechezkel 23:20, describing the Egyptians, writes that "their flesh is the flesh of donkeys."

3

Which explains why Yishmael did Teshuvah later in life.

4

See Peirush Yonasan and Ibn Ezra.

2)

What did the angel mean by, "his hand against everyone and everyone's hand against him"?

1.

Rashi: He meant that Yishmael will be a robber and everyone will hate him for it and fight with him.

2.

Ramban #1: It refers to the wars that his children will fight with all the other nations and that the other nations will fight with them.

3.

Ramban #2 (citing Ibn Ezra): Initially, Yishma'el's children will defeat the other nations, but ultimately, the other nations will defeat them.

4.

Targum Yonasan: His hand will be outstretched to fight his enemies and their hand will be outstretched to fight him.

3)

What does "Al P'nei Kol Echav Yishkon" mean?

1.

Rashi: The children of Yishmael will proliferate.

2.

Ramban: They will exceed their brothers, the sons of Keturah.

3.

Targum Yonasan: They will intermingle with their brothers (or overpower them. 1 -


1

See Na'ar Yonasan.

Sefer: Perek: Pasuk:
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