hebrew
1)

What is the significance of Hagar's calling out the Name of Hashem?

1.

Rashi: She acknowledged that Hashem takes the side of those who are put to shame, as He took her side.

2.

Targum Yonasan: She thanked Hashem for having answered her prayers.

3.

Seforno: Calling out the Name of Hashem is an expression of Tefilah - since praising Hashem always precedes prayers 1 .


1

As the Gemara states in Berachos (32a).

2)

Why did she refer to Hashem as "Kel Ro'i"?

1.

Rashi: Because Hashem sees, i.e. He takes the part of those who are shamed.

2.

Seforno: Because Hashem is the G-d of vision - He sees everything 1 wherever it may occur, even not in Avraham's house.

3.

Targum Yonasan: Hashem sees but cannot be seen ...


1

Which is also how Targum Onkelus translates it.

3)

Why was Hagar so surprised to see angels?

1.

Rashi: Hagar was accustomed to seeing angels in the house of Avraham. 1 However, it is one thing to see angels in Avraham's home, and quite another, to meet them in the desert; and that was why she was so surprised.

2.

Targum Yonasan: She was not surprised; what she was saying 2 was although Hashem cannot be seen, His Shechinah appeared to her (via an angel), after having angels earlier.


1

As is evident from the fact that she displayed no fear upon seeing four angels, one after the other (as opposed to Mano'ach, Shimshon's father, who was afraid that he would die, after seeing only one).

2

Following Targum Yonasan's previous statement (Refer to 13:3:2:3.

4)

What does it mean "Acharei Ro'i"?

1.

Riva: When the angel turned around, she did not see anything. She deduced that he was an angel.

5)

רש"י: הגם הלום- לשון תימה: מהו "א-ל רואי" לפי זה? וכיצד משמע "רואה בעלבון של עלובין"?

1.

גור אריה: פרוש הפסוק- אתה רואה בעלבון עלובים כי לא רק בבית אברהם יש מלאכים בשביל צדקתו, אלא גם כאן במדבר.

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