BAVA KAMA 76 (10 Av) - Dedicated by Rabbi Dr. Eli Turkel of Ra'anana, Israel, in memory of his father, Reb Yisrael Shimon ben Shlomo ha'Levi Turkel. Isi Turkel, as he was known, loved Torah and worked to support it literally with his last ounce of strength. He passed away on 10 Av 5740.

BAVA KAMA 76 (18 Adar) - Dedicated by Reb Gedalya Weinberger of Brooklyn, NY, in memory of his father, Reb Chaim Tzvi ben Reb Shlomo Weinberger, on the day of his Yahrzeit. Reb Chaim Tzvi, who miraculously survived the Holocaust, raised his children with a strong dedication to Torah and its study.

[76 - 40 lines; 76b - 20 lines]

1)[line 4] ELA A'HEKDESH LICHAYEIV- but he should be obligated [to pay Arba'ah v'Chamishah] for making the animal Hekdesh!

2)[line 4] MAH LI MACHRO L'HEDYOT, MAH LI MACHRO LA'SHAMAYIM- what difference does it make if he sold it to a person, or if he sold it (i.e. made it Hekdesk) to Shamayim?


(a)The term Kodshei Kodashim refers to the Korbenos Olah, Chatas, and Asham (and Menachos), which have a greater degree of sanctity. They may only be slaughtered in the northern part of the Azarah and may only be eaten in the Azarah by Kohanim.

(b)The term Kodshim Kalim refers to the Korbenos Shelamim, Todah, Ma'aser Behemah, Pesach, and Bechor, which have a lesser degree of sanctity. They may be slaughtered in the entire Azarah (and not only in its northern part) and may be eaten in the entire city of Yerushalayim by men or women.

b)[line 10] MAMON BE'ALIM HU

(a)As soon as a person dedicates any article of his property to Hekdesh, it leaves his possession and enters the possession of Hekdesh. Therefore, the person may no longer sell it or give it as a present as a normal owner would.

(b)However, Rebbi Yosi ha'Glili rules that this law only applies to Kodshei Kodashim (see previous entry) and to Kodshei Bedek ha'Bayis (objects that are dedicated to Hekdesh not as a sacrifice - see Background to Me'ilah 12:8), which are considered Mamon Gavo'ah (property of Heaven) as soon as they are dedicated. Kodshim Kalim remain the property of their owner in all respects until they are slaughtered, except for the fact that they must be offered on the Mizbe'ach to fulfill his pledge. Therefore, according to Rebbi Yosi ha'Glili, a person may use Kodshim Kalim to betroth a woman; likewise, he may sell them or give them as a present.

4)[line 18]TORA- ox

5)[line 36] B'SHOCHET TEMIMIM MI'BIFNIM L'SHEM BE'ALIM- the case is one in which the Ganav slaughters unblemished animals (of Kodshim) inside the Azarah for the sake of its owner

6)[line 37] CHAZRAH KEREN LA'BE'ALIM- the ownership of the principle value of the animal reverts back to its original owner

7)[line 39] SHE'NISHPACH HA'DAM- its blood was spilled (and thus it is no longer fit to be brought as a Korban)


8)[line 1] B'SHOCHET BA'ALEI MUMIN BA'CHUTZ- the case is one in which the Ganav slaughters the blemished animal outside of the Azarah

9)[line 2] TAHI BAH- wondered and contemplated about it

10)[line 2] ? !?SHECHITAH MATERES? VA'HALO ZERIKAH MATERES!?- Does Shechitah permit [the animal that was sanctified]? Is it not the Zerikah (the casting of its blood on the Mizbe'ach) that permits it!?

11)[line 4] !?VA'HALO PEDIYAH MATERES!?- Is it not the redemption [of the blemished animal that was sanctified] that permits it!?

12)[line 4]ISHTAMITSEI- it slipped by him

13)[line 5] KOL HA'OMED LIZROK K'ZARUK DAMI, V'CHOL HA'OMED LIFDOS K'PADUY DAMI- any animal [that was sanctified] that is ready to have Zerikah done with its blood, is considered to already have had Zerikah done, and any animal [that was sanctified and that became blemished] that is ready to be redeemed, is considered to have been redeemed

14)[line 8]NOSAR

(a)If any meat of a Korban remains after the time that was allotted for it to be eaten, it must be burned, as the Torah states, "b'Yom Zivchachem Ye'achel umi'Macharas, veha'Nosar Ad Yom ha'Shelishi ba'Esh Yisaref" - "It shall be eaten the same day that you slaughter it and on the next day, and anything that remains until the third day shall be burned in fire" (Vayikra 19:6).

(b)If someone eats Nosar intentionally he is Chayav Kares. If he eats it unintentionally, he must bring a Korban Chatas (SEFER HA'CHINUCH Mitzvah 215).

15)[line 8] TUM'AS OCHLIN

(a)All foods become Tamei if they touch a source of Tum'ah, but only after they first become wet. From then on, even after they dry, they can still become Tamei.

(b)Seven liquids can enable foods to become Tamei: water, dew, oil, wine, milk, blood, and honey.

(c)The minimum amount of food that can become Tamei is a k'Beitzah.

16)[line 9]LAN

Blood of a slaughtered Korban that was not sprinkled on the Mizbe'ach before sunset becomes disqualified. Nevertheless, if it was sprinkled on the Mizbe'ach after sunset, it is not removed.

17)[line 12] KODEM SHE'NIR'EH LI'ZERIKAH- before it became fit to have its blood thrown on the Mizbe'ach