(a)Rava tries to establish the Machlokes in our Mishnah concerning Hatmanah, even when the owner did prepare an Eruv. Then why do Beis Shamai forbid Hatmanah?
(b)Abaye refutes Rava's explanation on the basis of the Beraisa which quotes Chananya (that we came across already on 17b). What does Chananya say that proves Rava wrong?
(c)How does Abaye therefore establish our Mishnah? What is the Machlokes between Beis Shamai and Beis Hillel?
(a)Rava tries to establish the Machlokes in our Mishnah concerning Hatmanah, even when the owner did prepare an Eruv. Beis Shamai nevertheless forbids it - because it is obviously being performed for Shabbos (and is therefore a denigration of Kavod Yom-Tov), whereas cooking and baking are not.
(b)Abaye refutes Rava's explanation on the basis of - the Beraisa which quotes Chananya, who, in the name of Beis Shamai, permits baking on Yom-Tov for Shabbos, as long as one prepared something baked beforehand; cooking on something cooked and insulating if something was insulated. So we see that Beis Shamai does permit insulating if one prepared an Eruv for it before Shabbos.
(c)Abaye therefore establishes our Mishnah like Chananya - when one prepared something cooked or baked for one's Eruv but not something insulated, which Beis Hillel permit, but Beis Shamai forbid.
(a)Our Mishnah, which speaks about picking up a fallen Menorah on Yom-Tov, cannot be understood literally, because what can possibly be wrong with doing that? How then, do we explain the Machlokes between Beis Shamai and Beis Hillel regarding a Menorah that fell down?
(b)What did Ula's servant do in Rav Yehudah's house one Shabbos, what he should not have done?
(c)Rav Yehudah queried his action from a Beraisa. What does the Beraisa say?
(d)What did Ula reply?
(a)Our Mishnah, which speaks about picking up a fallen Menorah on Yom-Tov, cannot be understood literally, because what can possibly be wrong with doing that? The Machlokes between Beis Shamai and Beis Hillel regarding a Menorah that fell down - concerns one that is made of pieces and which came apart when it fell; Beis Shamai forbid picking it up and putting it together, because they hold 'Yesh Binyan u'Setirah b'Kelim', whereas Beis Hillel hold 'Ein Binyan u'Setirah b'Kelim'.
(b)Ula was once a guest by Rav Yehudah - and his servant straightened a lamp on Yom-Tov, in order to distance the oil from the wick, so that it should go out (to save the remaining oil).
(c)Rav Yehudah queried his action from a Beraisa - which says that someone who adds oil to a burning lamp on Shabbos is Chayav because of Mav'ir, and that someone who removes oil is Chayav because of Mechabeh (and Mechabeh is not permitted on Yom-Tov).
(d)Ula replied - that his servant had acted without his knowledge.
(a)Rav permitted Kanva (by a wick) on Yom-Tov? What is 'Kanva'?
(b)What three alternatives did Abaye give Aba bar Marsa when he asked him about extinguishing a light for Tashmish ha'Mitah on Yom-Tov?
(c)If none of these alternatives was possible, did he grant him permission to extinguish the light directly?
(d)Then how does Abaye explain the Beraisa, which permits extinguishing a burning log to prevent one's house from becoming smoky on Yom-Tov?
(a)Rav permitted Kanva on Yom-Tov - meaning to trim a singed wick.
(b)When Aba bar Marsa asked Abaye about extinguishing a light for Tashmish ha'Mitah on Yom-Tov - he suggested that he moves to another room, puts up a temporary Mechitzah or covers the lamp with an overturned vessel.
(c)Even if none of these alternatives was possible - he did not grant him permission to extinguish the light directly.
(d)Abaye establishes the Beraisa which permits extinguishing a burning log to prevent one's house from becoming smoky on Yom-Tov - like Rebbi Yehudah, who include in the Heter of 'Ochel Nefesh' on Yom-Tov Machshirei Ochel Nefesh (incorporating all one's personal needs, of which Tashmish ha'Mitah is one). He learns this from "Lachem" -'le'Chol Tzorcheichem'.
(a)May one extinguish a flame on Yom-Tov if it is a matter of ...
1. ... life-danger?
2. ... saving one's property, according to Rebbi Yehudah?
(a)If it is a matter of ...
1. ... life-danger - one may extinguish a flame.
2. ... saving one's property - one may not, even according to Rebbi Yehudah (since it is not needed for Yom-Tov).
(a)It is permitted to paint one's eye on Yom-Tov in cases of Rira, Ditza, Dama, Dim'asa and Kadchasa. What ...
1. ... do all of these mean?
2. ... do they all have in common?
3. ... circumstances will permit them to be performed, despite the fact that it is Yom-Tov (i.e. which stage of the illness are we talking about)?
(b)May one paint one's eye on Yom-Tov in any other case or circumstances, when it is merely a matter of seeing better?
(c)Which Tana would permit painting one's eyes on Yom-Tov?
(a)It is permitted to paint one's eye on Yom-Tov in cases of Rira, Ditza, Dama, Dim'asa and Kadchasa.
1. Rira - is a discharge from the eye; Ditza - if a sharp object pierced it; Dama - bleeding; Dim'asa - a constant flow of tears, and Kadchasa - a high fever in the eye.
2. All of these are considered life-danger.
3. All of these are crucial only at the beginning of the illness, but not at a later stage.
(b)One may not paint one's eye on Yom-Tov in any other case or circumstances - when it is merely a matter of seeing better.
(c)Rebbi Yehudah would permit painting one's eyes on Yom-Tov - because it is included in "Lachem", as we explained earlier.
(a)Under which circumstances does Rav Ashi permit cures, as long as they are performed by a Nochri on Yom-Tov, and under which does he forbid them?
(b)How did Ameimar then justify permitting someone to have his eye painted by a Nochri (and possibly even allowing a Nochri to paint his eye), even though this entailed his having to open and close his eye as the Nochri applied the paint?
(c)On what basis did Rav Ashi query Ameimar, who permitted a Jew to paint his eye on the second day of Rosh Hashanah?
(d)Why was Ameimar not concerned that Elul may turn out to be a thirty-day month, making the second day of Rosh Hashanah the real Rosh Hashanah?
(a)Rav Ashi permits cures, as long as they were performed by a Nochri on Yom-Tov - provided one does not assist the Nochri directly, but forbids them, when one does.
(b)Ameimar permits someone to have his eye painted by a Nochri (and possibly even allowing a Nochri to paint his eye (even though this entailed opening and closing his eye as the Nochri applied the paint) - because he maintained that assisting in this manner (where the paint will anyway enter the eye in due course) is not of any significance and is permitted.
(c)Rav Ashi queried Ameimar, who permitted a Jew to paint his eye on the second day of Rosh Hashanah - on the basis of Rava, who ruled that Chazal gave Rosh Hashanah the Din of other Yamim-Tovim regarding burying one's dead exclusively, but not with regard to an egg that was laid on the first day (as we learned earlier on Daf 6a.), in which case, it has the Din of one long day.
(d)Ameimar (who holds like the Neherda'i on Daf 6a.) was not concerned that Elul may turn out to be a thirty-day month, making the second day of Rosh Hashanah the real Rosh Hashanah - because, as Rav Chinena bar Kahana pointed out, that is something that has never happened since the days of Ezra.
(a)Beis Shamai prohibit baking 'thick loaves' on Pesach; Beis Hillel permit it. What is Rav Huna's source for giving the thickness of these loaves as one Tefach?
(b)Rav Yosef however, gives five reasons as to why this Shi'ur might well be confined to the Lechem ha'Panim (and not to any other bread); These reasons are to do with ...
1. ... the people who prepared them;
2. ... the dough;
3. ... the wood;
5. ... the oven. What are they?
(c)Rav Yirmeyahu bar Aba (either in his own name, or on the name of Rav) asked 'Rebbi' for the real meaning of 'thick bread'. What did he reply? Then why does the Tana refer to it as 'thick bread'?
(d)Seeing as the Isur is one of excessive bother, and not Chametz (as we thought at first), why does the Tana then mention Pesach more than any Yom-Tov?
(a)Beis Shamai prohibit baking 'thick loaves' on Pesach; Beis Hillel permit it. Rav Huna's source for giving the thickness of these loaves as one Tefach - is the Lechem ha'Panim, which were baked as Matzah and were one Tefach thick.
(b)Rav Yosef however, gives five reasons to confine this Shi'ur to the Lechem ha'Panim (and not to any other bread); These reasons are to do with ...
1. ... the people who prepared them - from the family of Beis Garmu, who were great experts in this field as well as being labeled 'Zerizin' (alert).
2. ... the dough - which was exceptionally well prepared (three hundred rubbings with the hand, and five hundred beatings with the fist).
3. ... the wood - which was all cut in the dry summer months (before Tu b'Av), and was therefore more worm-free than regular fire-wood.
5. ... the oven - which was extremely hot, because it was made of metal and because it was used every single day (either for the Menachos or for roasting the Korbanos).
(c)Rav Yirmeyahu bar Aba (either in his own name, or on the name of Rav) asked 'Rebbi' for the real meaning of 'thick bread', to which Rebbi replied - that it means a lot of bread, which is called 'thick bread' because it requires a lot of kneading.
(d)The Tana mentions Pesach only because he happened to be holding in the Inyan of Pesach, but not because he is concerned with the Isur of Chametz (as we at first thought).
(a)Whom would Rav Yirmeyahu bar Aba have called 'Rebbi', if he was quoting ...
1. ... himself?
2. ... Rav?
(a)If Rav Yirmeyahu bar Aba was quoting ...
1. ... himself - 'Rebbi' would refer to Rav.
2. ... Rav, 'Rebbi' would be Rebbi Yehudah ha'Nasi (also known as Rebbi).
(a)Raban Gamliel was lenient in three issues. He permitted both sweeping between the couches on Yom-Tov and Mugmar (placing frankincense on coals to create a pleasant aroma) on Yom-Tov. What was the third leniency that he permitted but which the Rabanan forbade?
(b)How does Rav Asi establish Raban Gamliel's leniency by Mugmar? In his opinion, which case will the Rabanan concede to him?
(c)What did Rebbi Elazar b'Rebbi Tzadok testify with regard to ...
1. ... sweeping between the couches? What did Raban Gamliel used to do, in his opinion?
2. ... placing the Mugmar on the coals? What did Raban Gamliel used to do, in his opinion?
(d)What did the Chachamim reply to Rebbi b'Rebbi Tzadok in both of his testimonies?
(a)Raban Gamliel was lenient in three issues - with regard to sweeping between the couches on Yom-Tov, Mugmar (placing frankincense on heated coals to create a pleasant aroma - both on Yom-Tov) and preparing a whole roasted kid for the Seder.
(b)Rav Asi establishes Raban Gamliel's leniency by Mugmar - when one comes to aromatize clothes - but even the Rabanan concede that a Mugmar that is intended to create an aroma in the room is permitted.
(c)Rebbi Elazar b'Rebbi Tzadok testified with regard to ...
1. ... sweeping between the couches - that Raban Gamliel would sweep before Yom-Tov, and cover the swept area with a sheet, which he removed on Yom-Tov.
2. ... placing the Mugmar on the coals - that Raban Gamliel would prepare the incense in metal shovels with lids before Yom-Tov. He would stop up the holes in the lid before Yom-Tov, and unstop them on Yom-Tov, releasing the aroma.
(d)The Chachamim reply to Rebbi Elazar b'Rebbi Tzadok in both of his testimonies - that, if that is what Raban Gamliel's father used to do, it would be permitted even on Shabbos (so why did the Tana restrict the concession to Yom-Tov?).
(a)How is Rav Asi's interpretation of the Machlokes between Raban Gamliel and the Rabanan (in 9b.) disproved by Rebbi Elazar b'Rebbi Tzadok's testimony?
(b)So how do we finally establish the Machlokes? In which case do both Tana'im agree?
(a)In any event, we see from Rebbi Elazar b'Rebbi Tzadok's testimony - that the Mugmar was not to aromatize clothes, but to create a pleasant aroma in the room.
(b)Consequently, we finally establish the Machlokes by whether one may use incense to create a pleasant aroma in the room, but even the Rabanan of Raban Gamliel will concede that aromatizing clothes is forbidden (because it is not for direct personal pleasure, and does not therefore fall under the category of Ochel Nefesh - others explain because creating a new smell in clothes is forbidden, as we shall soon see).
(a)The Gemara asks whether Ishun is permitted on Yom-Tov? What is Ishun?
(b)On what grounds does Rav Yirmeyahu bar Aba Amar Rav forbid it?
(c)Why then, does Shmuel permit it? Does Shmuel not hold of the principle of 'Shaveh l'Chol Nefesh'?
(d)Is Ishun a question of Mechabeh or of Mav'ir?
(a)The Gemara asks whether 'Ishun' is permitted on Yom-Tov. 'Ishun' -means scattering powdered spices on fruit (which is placed on top of hot coals) to aromatize it.
(b)Rav Yirmeyahu bar Aba Amar Rav forbids Ishun - because, although it is a form of Ochel Nefesh, it is not Shaveh l'Chol Nefesh (i.e. it is something which not everybody tends to do - only wealthy, finicky people).
(c)Shmuel permits it, not because he doesn't hold of the principle of 'Shaveh l'Chol Nefesh' - but because on his opinion, everyone, even the poor, might do this if they could afford it (in the same way as it is permitted to Shecht and prepare venison, even though most people do not eat it, because not eating it is not a matter of principle, but because venison is hard to come by [to quote an old saying 'they would if they could, but they can't']).
(d)Ishun involves first Mechabeh - as one places the powder on the fruit, and then Mav'ir - as the coals begin to heat the fruit.
(a)On what grounds does Rav Yehudah permit Ishun if the fruit is placed on top of heated earthenware?
(b)Why is it not prohibited because of Mav'ir?
(c)Rabah forbids Ishun even on earthenware. Why?
(d)Is Molid Rei'ach Asur d'Oraisa or d'Rabanan?
(a)If the fruit is placed on top of heated earthenware, Rav Yehudah permits Ishun - because there is no Kibuy by earthenware.
(b)Even the Hav'arah is k'l'Achar Yad (not the regular way of making a fire, and therefore no more than an Isur d'Rabanan - which will not apply by a Melachah which is basically permitted, but is forbidden only because it is not 'Shaveh l'Chol Nefesh').
(c)Rabah forbids Ishun even on top of heated earthenware - because one creates a new smell in the earthenware.
(d)Molid Rei'ach is Asur d'Rabanan - because it is similar to creating a new object.