1)

COMPARING MAASER SHENI WITH TERUMAH (Yerushalmi Ma'aser Sheni Perek 2 Halachah 2 Daf 10b)

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(a)

(Mishnah): R. Shimon says that one may not anoint with Ma'aser Sheni oil in Yerushalayim and the Chachamim permit it.

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(b)

(Chachamim to R. Shimon): If we are lenient with the stringent Terumah, should we not be lenient with the lenient Ma'aser Sheni?

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(c)

(R. Shimon to Chachamim): Since they were more lenient with vetch and fenugreek of Terumah than of Ma'aser Sheni; they were also lenient to permit anointing. However, since they were stringent with vetch and fenugreek of Ma'aser Sheni, they were also stringent with rubbing its oil.

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(d)

Fenugreek of Ma'aser Sheni (which is only occasionally eaten by humans and usually eaten by animals) may be eaten as shoots (without leaving it to ripen). Fenugreek of Terumah - Beis Shammai says that everything done with it must be in Taharah, aside for using it as a shampoo. Beis Hillel say that everything done with it may be done in Tumah, aside from soaking it.

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(e)

Vetch of Ma'aser Sheni may be eaten as shoots and may be brought in and out of Yerushalayim.

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(f)

If it became Tamei, R. Tarfon says that it must be divided into small Tahor doughs (of Ma'aser Sheni and added to less than an eggs-amount of Vetch) and the Chachamim say that he should redeem it.

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(g)

Vetch of Terumah - Beis Shammai say that he should soak it and rub it (to remove its shell) with Tahor hands and he may then feed it to his animals with Tamei hands. Beis Hillel say that he must only soak it with Tahor hands, but he can then rub it and feed it to his animals with Tamei hands.

(h)

(Shammai): He should eat them dry (so that it should not be visible that they are now prepared to accept Tumah).

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(i)

(R. Akiva): Even its soaking may be done in Tumah.

(j)

(Gemara) Question: Where do we find that they were lenient with Terumah?

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(k)

Answer (Tosefta): A Kohen may anoint with Terumah oil and bring his daughter's son (who is a Yisrael) and roll him on his stomach (for the grandson to benefit from the oil) without concern (that a non-Kohen is using Terumah).

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(l)

(R. Yochanan): (Referring to R. Shimon's response that there is a leniency in Terumah) Here, R. Shimon responded with a Rabbinic law (of Terumah of Vetch) to a Torah law (of anointing with Terumah and Ma'aser Sheni).

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(m)

(The Mishnah taught that fenugreek of Ma'aser Sheni is eaten as shoots.) The Mishnah means that one may eat it as shoots (without waiting for it to grow ripe).

(n)

Question: What's the difference between Beis Shammai and Beis Hillel in the Mishnah?

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(o)

(R. Yona): Drawing out the fenugreek from the soaking waters - Beis Shammai requires it with Tahor hands; Beis Hillel allows it with Tamei hands.

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(p)

(Baraisa): Our Mishnah was said by R. Meir, but R. Yehuda says - Beis Shammai say that everything done with it must be in Taharah, aside from shampooing with it. Beis Hillel say that everything done with it may be in Tumah, aside from drawing it out.

(q)

Question: According to R. Yehuda's understanding what's the difference between Beis Shammai and Beis Hillel?

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(r)

Answer (R. Matanya): Softening the fenugreek (after it was soaked, in order to use it for shampooing). Beis Shammai requires it to be done with Tahor hands and Beis Hillel do not.