12TH CYCLE DEDICATIONS
 
YOMA 27 - sponsored by Avi and Esti Turkel. May they merit to have much Nachas from their son, Yakov, and to raise him l'Torah, l'Chupah and l'Ma'asim Tovim.
 
May Hashem send a Refu'ah Shelemah to Efrayim Henoch ben Yita and Ester Malkah bas Hudya Tovah.

1)

(a)What do we learn from the Pasuk ..

1. ... "v'Ata u'Vanecha Itach Tishmeru es Kehunaschem" (Korach)?

2. ... "v'Shachat es Ben ha'Bakar Lifnei Hash-m, v'Hikrivu Bnei Aharon ha'Kohanim"(Vayikra)? Which Avodah does "v'Hikrivu" refer to?

(b)How does Abaye now attempt to re-learn Chizkiyah's Derashah (quoted at the foot of 26b.) from the Pasuk "v'Nasnu Bnei Aharon ha'Kohen Esh Al ha'Mizbe'ach?

(c)How do we refute this explanation too?

1)

(a)We learn from the Pasuk ..

1. ... "v'Ata u'Vanecha Itach Tishmeru es Kehunaschem" -- that the Avodas ha'Kohanim is forbidden to Zarim.

2. ... "v'Shachat es Ben ha'Bakar Lifnei Hash-m, v'Hikrivu Bnei Aharon ha'Kohanim" - that it is only from the Kabalah and onwards (which is meant in this Pasuk by "v'Hikrivu") that Kohanim are required to perform it (in which case we will explain "v'Samach v'Shachat" [which precedes "v'Hikrivu"] to mean that the owner who leans his hands on it may also perform the Shechitah - even though he is a Zar).

(b)Abaye now attempts to re-learn Chizkiyah's Derashah (quoted at the foot of 26b.) from the Pasuk "v'Nasnu Bnei Aharon ha'Kohen Esh Al ha'Mizbe'ach" - that Hefshet v'Nitu'ach do not require Kehunah (otherwise, the Torah would not need to inform us that arranging the fire on the Mizbe'ach ("v'Nasnu") requires Kehunah - it is obvious, since it is written after "v'Hikrivu".

(c)However, we refute this explanation, too - because arranging fire on the Mizbe'ach is an Avodah that does not render the Korban Pasul (when it is not performed) [and we would therefore not know from "v'Hikrivu" that it too, requires Kehunah]. Consequently, "v'Nasnu" is intrinsically needed.

2)

(a)We have already explained why the Torah needs to write "v'Nasnu Bnei Aharon ha'Kohen Esh al ha'Mizbe'ach". "v'Hikriv ha'Kohen es ha'Kol" refers to carrying the limbs on to the Mizbe'ach. Why is it not necessary to write that for its own sake?

(b)Then why does the Torah write it? What does it come to exclude?

(c)Does the arranging of the two blocks of wood require Kehunah?

2)

(a)It is not necessary to write "v'Hikriv ha'Kohen es ha'Kol" (referring to carrying the limbs on to the Mizbe'ach) because, like arranging the fire, it does not render the Avodah Pasul (when it is not performed), so we can learn from "v'Nasnu" (by arranging the fire - see 1a), that it too, needs Kehunah.

(b)The Torah writes "v'Hikriv" ... to infer from it that it is only the carrying of the limbs on to the Mizbe'ach that requires Kehunah, but not the carrying of the wood (which is permitted to Zarim).

(c)We also learn from the previous Derashah that it is specifically carrying the wood on to the Mizbe'ach that does not require Kehunah, but arranging the two blocks of wood on the Mizbe'ach, does - See Tosfos DH 'Holachas'.

3)

(a)What do we learn from "v'Hiktir ha'Kohen es ha'Kol ha'Mizbeichah"?

(b)What do we learn from the Torah's use of the plural in the Pasuk "v'Archu" "Bnei Aharon" "ha'Kohanim"?

(c)What is the problem with this Derashah from its source?

(d)How do we resolve this difficulty from the continuation of the Pasuk "al ha'Etzim Asher al ha'Esh Asher Al ha'Mizbe'ach"?

3)

(a)We learn from "v'Hiktir ha'Kohen es ha'Kol ha'Mizbeichah" - to preclude Hefshet v'Nitu'ach from Kehunah. It is not needed for itself as we explained by arranging the two blocks of wood (in 2c).

(b)We learn from the Torah's use of the plural in the Pasuk "v'Archu" "Bnei Aharon" "ha'Kohanim" - that the lamb of the Tamid must be carried on to the Mizbe'ach by six Kohanim (five to carry the limbs and one, the innards).

(c)But how can we possibly learn the Din of the lamb of the Korban from a Pasuk which speaks about a Korban brought from a bull (of a Korban Olas Nedavah)?

(d)We resolve this difficulty from the continuation of the Pasuk "al ha'Etzim Asher al ha'Esh Asher Al ha'Mizbe'ach" - which is redundant. So using the logic that it is the lamb of the Korban Tamid that requires a fresh arrangement of wood and fire on the Mizbe'ach each morning, we apply the Pasuk to the Korban Tamid, as we explained.

27b----------------------------------------27b

4)

(a)To which Mitzvah does the phrase in Parshas Tzav "v'ha'Esh al ha'Mizbe'ach Tukad Bo" refer?

(b)Does every Korban require the arranging of the pile of wood on the Mizbe'ach?

(c)Then why does it mention it here in Parshas Vayikra, by the bull of the Olas Nedavah?

4)

(a)"v'ha'Esh al ha'Mizbe'ach Tukad Bo" refers to the Mitzvah of arranging the wood on the Mizbe'ach each morning.

(b)The Pasuk writes "v'Arach Aleha ha'Olah", from which we Darshan 'ha'Olah, Olah Rishonah' (precluding all other Korbanos from requiring a new Ma'arachah).

(c)The Torah took the opportunity of mentioning the Din of arranging the wood here since it is speaking about the needs of an Olah, and we might otherwise wonder how the wood and the fire came to be on the Mizbe'ach.

5)

(a)Rebbi Asi quoting Rebbi Yochanan, declares that a Zar who arranges the wood on the Mizbe'ach is Chayav. What is he Chayav?

(b)What is he permitted to do?

(c)What objection does Rebbi Zeira raise to Rebbi Yochanan's first statement?

(d)Why can we not answer that we have a precedent from the following Avodah, which is Kasher by night yet a Zar is invalidated from performing it:

1. The Avodah the burning of the limbs and the fat-pieces?

2. The Terumas ha'Deshen? How do we learn this from another statement of Rebbi Yochanan?

5)

(a)'Zar she'Sidar es ha'Ma'arachah, Chayav' (Misah b'Yedei Shamayim).

(b)He is permitted to remove it - for the Kohen to re-arrange (It is unclear however, what a Zar is doing on the Mizbe'ach in the first place, or how he is permitted to remain there?) According to some Rishonim, the Zar actually rectifies him sin by removing the wood that he placed.

(c)Rebbi Zeira objected to Rebbi Yochanan's first statement - There is no such thing, he argues, as an Avodah that is Kasher by night (such as arranging the wood) and Pasul for a Zar to perform?

(d)We cannot answer Rebbi Zeira's Kashya from ...

1. ... the Avodah the burning of the limbs and the fat-pieces - because they are not a night-Avodah at all, but the conclusion of the day Korbanos.

2. ... the Terumas ha'Deshen - because it too, is not really a night-Avodah, but the beginning of the day Avodos. This we learn from another statement of Rebbi Yochanan's, where he says that if a Kohen performed Kidush Yadayim v'Raglayim for the Terumas ha'Deshen, he does not need to do so again, since he has already done it at the beginning of the Avodah (See Tosfos Yeshanim and Rabeinu Chananel).

6)

(a)So we amend Rebbi Yochanan's statement to a different (day) Avodah. Which Avodah?

6)

(a)So we amend Rebbi Yochanan's statement to read 'Zar she'Sider ShneiGizrei Etzim, Chayav, Ho'il va'Avodas Yom Hu'.

7)

(a)Rava asked that if arranging the two blocks of wood (the Sidur Shnei Gizrei Eiztim) was an Avodah, then why did it not require a Payis. Which Beraisa did he forget?

(b)If only day-Avodos required a Payis, then why did a Payis determine who should perform ...

1. ... the burning of the limbs and fat-pieces?

2. ... the Terumas ha'Deshen?

(c)If only those Avodos which render a Zar Chayav Misah require a Payis, how do we then account for the fact that the Shechitah requires one, too?

7)

(a)When Rava asked that if the Sidur Shnei Gizrei Etzim was an Avodah, then why did it not require a Payis - he forgot the Beraisa (quoted above 22a) that whoever merited the Terumas ha'Deshen, also merited arranging the Ma'arachah and the Sidur Shnei Gizrei Etzim.

(b)Despite the fact that only day-Avodos required a Payis, nevertheless ...

1. ... the burning of the limbs and fat-pieces - required a Payis because it too, was really the end of the day Avodah - as we said above.

2. ... the Terumas ha'Deshen required a Payis - (even if it was considered a night-Avodah) because of the episode with the two Kohanim.

(c)In spite of the fact that only those Avodos which rendered a Zar Chayav Misah, required a Payis - they nevertheless instituted a Payis by the Shechitah, because it was the first Avodah of the Tamid.

8)

(a)In the next Mishnah, the Tana describes how the Memuneh would ask the Kohanim to go and see whether it was light in the east. Why was this necessary?

(b)If the Sidur Shnei Gizrei Etzim on the Mizbe'ach was considered a day- Avodah, then why did he tell them to go and see whether the time of Shechitah of the Tamid had arrived, and not the time of the Sidur Shnei Gizrei Etzim (which preceded the Tamid)?

8)

(a)In the next Mishnah, the Tana describes how the Memuneh would ask the Kohanim to go and see whether it was light in the east - because it once happened that, mistaking the light of the moon for the light of the sun, they Shechted the Tamid shel Shachar before dawn, with the result that the Tamid had to be taken to the Beis ha'Sereifah and burned.

(b)Even though the Sidur Shnei Gizrei Etzim on the Mizbe'ach was considered a day- Avodah, he nevertheless instructed them to go and see whether the time of Shechitah of the Tamid had arrived, and not the time of the Sidur Shnei Gizrei Etzim - because, in the latter case, even if they had placed the two blocks of wood on the Mizbe'ach by night, they would have been able to rectify the mistake by removing it and re-placing it after dawn-break (something which is of course, not possible by the Shechitah of the Tamid).

9)

(a)In the second Lashon, Rebbi Zeira asked Rebbi Yochanan (who declared a Zar who arranged the Ma'arachah to be Chayav Misah), why he should be Chayav, seeing as it is followed by another Avodah. Which Avodah?

(b)Why does Rashi delete the Kashya from the carrying of the limbs and the fat-pieces, and from the Terumas ha'Deshen, both of which are the beginning of other Avodos, and yet a Zar is Chayav for performing them?

9)

(a)In the second Lashon, Rebbi Zeira asked Rebbi Yochanan (who declares a Zar who arranged the Ma'arachah to be Chayav Misah), why he should be Chayav, seeing as it is followed by the Avodah of Sidur Shnei Gizrei Etzim.

(b)Rashi delete the Kashya from the carrying of the limbs and the fat-pieces, and from the Terumas ha'Deshen, both of which are the beginning of other Avodos, and yet a Zar is Chayav for performing them - because we have already established both of those cases as Avodos Tamos (final Avodos) in the Sugya of Rav and Levi (on 24a).

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