1)

AN ARUSAH WHO BECAME FORBIDDEN TO A KOHEN GADOL

(a)

(Mishnah): If she was widowed or divorced...

(b)

Question (R. Chiya bar Yosef): If a Kohen Gadol was Mekadesh a minor and she became a Bogeres, may he make Nisu'in?

1.

Does it depend on (the time of) Nisu'in (he may not marry a Bogeres)?

2.

Or, does it depend on Kidushin (then, she was permitted)?

(c)

Answer (Shmuel - Mishnah): If she was widowed or divorced from Nisu'in, she is Pesulah. If she was widowed or divorced from Eirusin, she is Kesherah (the Pesul depends on Nisu'in).

(d)

Clarification of question (R. Chiya): I did not ask if he makes her a Chalalah (disqualified from Kehunah). Only Bi'ah does that!

1.

"V'Hu Ishah bi'Vsuleha Yikach" - does this refer to Kidushin or Nisu'in?

(e)

Answer (Shmuel - Mishnah): If a Kohen was Mekadesh a widow and was appointed Kohen Gadol, he may marry her.

(f)

Objection: That case is different. "Yikach Ishah" permits it!

(g)

Answer: The same verse permits if she became a Bogeres during Eirusin!

(h)

Objection: The verse permits only one case.

(i)

Question: Why should it permit when he was appointed Kohen Gadol, and not when she became a Bogeres?

(j)

Answer: In the latter case, her body changed. In the former case, it did not.

2)

WHOM A KOHEN GADOL MAY MARRY

(a)

(Mishnah): A Kohen Gadol may not marry a widow, whether from Eirusin or Nisu'in;

(b)

He may not marry a Bogeres;

(c)

R. Elazar and R. Shimon permit.

(d)

He may not marry a Mukas Etz (one who lost her Besulim (tokens of virginity) through an accident, not through Bi'ah).

(e)

(Gemara - Beraisa): "Almanah... Lo Yikach" - whether from Kidushin or Nisu'in.

(f)

Question: This is obvious!

(g)

Answer: One might have thought that we learn from Tamar. She was widowed from Nisu'in and she was called Almanah. Perhaps also the Almanah forbidden to a Kohen Gadol is only from Nisu'in!

1.

The Beraisa teaches that this is not so.

(h)

Question: Why don't we learn that way?

(i)

Answer: Presumably, a widow resembles a divorcee (which is written adjacent to it). A divorcee is forbidden even from Eirusin.

(j)

(Mishnah): He may not marry a Bogeres.

(k)

(Beraisa - R. Meir): "He will take a woman bi'Vsuleha" - this excludes a Bogeres, whose Besulim are depleted;

(l)

R. Elazar and R. Shimon permit a Bogeres.

(m)

Question: What do they argue about?

(n)

Answer: R. Meir says, 'Besulah' connotes having some Besulim. 'Besulehah' connotes having all of them. 'Bi'Vsulehah' connotes virginity in the place of normal Bi'ah, but not necessarily in the place of Lo k'Darkah;

1.

R. Elazar and R. Shimon say that 'Besulah' connotes all the Besulim. Besulehah connotes even some. Bi'Vsulehah mandates virginity even in the place of Lo k'Darkah.

(o)

(Rav): Bi'ah Lo k'Darkah disqualifies a woman from a Kohen (Gadol).

(p)

Question (Rava - Beraisa): "She will be a wife to him (the man who raped her)" - a woman permitted to him. This excludes a widow to a Kohen Gadol, and a divorcee or Chalutzah to a regular Kohen.

1.

Suggestion: If a Kohen Gadol raped her k'Darkah, even if she is not a widow she is forbidden to him since she is not a virgin!

2.

Conclusion: We must say that he raped her Lo k'Darkah. She is forbidden to him because she is a widow, but not because she is not a virgin!

59b----------------------------------------59b

(q)

Answer: The Beraisa is like R. Meir. Rav rules like R. Elazar.

(r)

Question: According to R. Elazar, she is even a Zonah (and forbidden to any Kohen)!

1.

(R. Elazar): If a bachelor [really any man] had Bi'ah with a single girl not l'Shem Kidushin, he makes her a Zonah.

(s)

Answer #1 (Rav Yosef): The case is, she had Bi'ah with an animal. She is not a virgin, but she is not a Zonah.

(t)

Objection (Abaye): This is unreasonable!

1.

If she is not a virgin, she is also a Zonah! If she is a virgin, she is not a Zonah!

2.

Suggestion: She is Asur to a Kohen Gadol because she is a Mukas Etz in the place of Bi'ah Lo k'Darkah.

3.

Rejection: If Mukas Etz applies there, every girl is a Mukas Etz due to rocks (used to clean herself after defecating)!

(u)

Answer #2 (R. Zeira): She did Mi'un.

3)

DISQUALIFICATIONS TO A KOHEN GADOL

(a)

(Rav Simi bar Chiya): A girl that had Bi'ah with an animal is Kesherah to Kehunah.

(b)

Support (Beraisa): If she had Bi'ah with one who is not a man, even though she is liable to be stoned, she is Kesherah to Kehunah.

(c)

(Rav Dimi): A case occurred in Heisalo in which a dog had Bi'ah with a girl. Rebbi permitted her to a Kohen (Gadol).

(d)

Objection (Shmuel): There was no Kohen Gadol in Rebbi's day! Rather, he said that she is fit for a Kohen Gadol.

(e)

Question (Rava mi'Parzika): What is the source that Zenus does not apply to animals?

(f)

Answer (Rav Ashi): "The hire of a harlot, or what is traded for a dog, (both of them may not be offered for a Korban)";

1.

(Mishnah): One may offer the hire of a dog (for bestiality), or what is traded for a Zonah. "Both of them" are forbidden, but not all four combinations.

(g)

(Beraisa): A Kohen Gadol may not marry a woman whom he himself raped or enticed. If he married her, he is married;

(h)

He may not marry a woman raped or enticed by another man.

(i)

R. Eliezer ben Yakov says, if he married her, the child is a Chalal;

(j)

Chachamim say that the child is Kosher.

4)

WHOM A KOHEN GADOL MAY MARRY

(a)

(Beraisa): If he married her (a woman he himself raped or enticed), he is married.

(b)

(Rav Huna): He must divorce her with a Get.

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