Yevamos Chart #32
Chart for Yevamos Daf 114b-116b
BELIEVING A WOMAN WHO TESTIFIES THAT HER HUSBAND DIED
SHE SAYS ONLY THAT HE DIED
SHE SAYS THAT HE DIED "ON HIS BED" (1)
SHE SAYS THAT "HE DIED AND I BURIED HIM"
|1||HE DIED AT THE HANDS OF ROBBERS||She is believed (2)||She is believed||She is believed|
|2||HE DIED IN A PLAGUE||Machlokes (3)||She is believed||She is believed|
|3||HE DIED IN WAR
(or in an avalanch, or in an attack of snakes)
|She is not believed||She is believed (4)||She is believed (5)|
|4||HE DIED IN A STARVATION||She is not believed||She is not believed (4)||She is believed|
|5||HE DIED, AND THERE HAD BEEN A QUARREL BETWEEN THEM (6)||She is not believed (7)||Machlokes (8)||Machlokes (8)|
(1) See Insights (114:2) for the definition of "on his bed."
(2) She is believed because she is not afraid that the robbers will kill her, and thus she stays to witness whether her husband really dies or not (Rashi 114a, DH Hasam).
(3) Gemara, 114b.
(4) See Insights (114:2) for why she is believed.
(5) According to the Rambam, she is not believed (see Hagahos ha'Gra on 114b and Insights there).
(6) A "quarrel" is defined by the Gemara as any situation in which the wife exclaims to her husband, "You divorced me!" when he really did not.
(7) In a case in which she initiated the quarrel, the Amora'im dispute whether she is believed or not (see Tosfos 116b, DH Ika Beinaihu, and Insights to 116a).
(8) The Amora'im (116a-b) disagree whether she is suspected of lying only when there was a quarrel between them, or whether she is suspected of saying that he died based on surmise and unfounded assumptions ("bid'Dami"). However, some Rishonim maintain that there is no disagreement about this point; see Insights to 116a.