[32a - 31 lines; 32b - 42 lines]

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We recommend using the textual changes suggested by the Bach, the Tzon Kodashim, the Vilna Ga'on and the marginal notes of the Vilna Shas. This section is devoted to any other important corrections that Acharonim have pointed out in the Gemara, Rashi and Tosfos.

[1] Gemara 32a [line 23]:

The words "b'Lashon Chermei l'Vedek ha'Bayis" בלשון חרמי לבדק הבית

should be "b'Lashon Cherem l'Vedek ha'Bayis" בלשון חרם לבדק הבית

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1)[line 3]הקדש עילויHEKDESH ILUY

(a)One may sanctify the value of the benefit that may be derived from an animal dedicated as Kodshei Mizbe'ach or Kodshei Bedek ha'Bayis.

(b)If the animal was designated as a Neder, then its value that one may pledge for Hekdesh is the animal's full value. This is because one is obligated to replace the animal if it is lost or stolen, and thus he is considered to be the full owner of the monetary value of the animal.

(c)If the animal of Kodshim was designated as a Nedavah, then its value that one may pledge for Hekdesh is merely the value of the right to give it to the Kohen of his choice (who, after offering it, will keep parts of it for himself).

2)[line 3]מחרימין אותןMACHRIMIN OSAN - and we may make them Cherem for Kohanim (CHARAMIM)

(a)There are two types of Charamim, a type of vow or pledge in which one pronounces, "This object should be a Cherem." If the person specifies that he is making a Cherem for Bedek ha'Bayis, then it becomes Cherem for Bedek ha'Bayis. If he specifies that it should be a Cherem for Kohanim, then it becomes Cherem for Kohanim.

1.Chermei Kohanim are given to the Kohanim for their personal use. Before this type of Cherem is handed over to the Kohanim, it cannot be redeemed, as the verse teaches, "It may not be sold and it may not be redeemed" (Vayikra 27:28).

2.Chermei Gavo'ah are given to the Beis ha'Mikdash for the Bedek ha'Bayis. This type of Cherem may be redeemed like any other Hekdesh.

(b)The Tana'im argue (Erchin 28b) as to whether Stam Charamim (Charamim that are pledged without designating the recipient) are allocated to the Kohanim or to the Beis ha'Mikdash.

3)[last line]אין בה אלא עיכוב גזברין בלבדEIN BAH ELA IKUV GIZBARIN BILVAD- it is lacking only the Ma'amad of the Gizbarim (the treasurers of Hekdesh standing over the Korban) in order for it to be sacrificed (that is, it does not belong to Bedek ha'Bayis and does not need Pidyon)

32b----------------------------------------32b

4)[line 23]העמדה והערכהHA'AMADAH V'HA'ARACHAH

(a)The verses referring to a Korban that became unfit due to a Mum (blemish) state, "v'He'emid Es ha'Behemah Lifnei ha'Kohen, v'He'erich ha'Kohen Osah" - "He shall make the animal stand before the Kohen and the Kohen shall appraise it" (Vayikra 27:11-12). From here we learn that in order for an animal with a Mum to be appraised and redeemed, it must be alive. An animal that was slaughtered, for example, cannot be appraised and redeemed (Chulin 84a).

(b)For the opinions of the Rabanan and Rebbi Shimon with regard to Ha'amadah and Ha'arachah, see Chart #8.

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