[19a - 33 lines; 19b - 40 lines]

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We recommend using the textual changes suggested by the Bach, the Tzon Kodashim, the Vilna Ga'on and the marginal notes of the Vilna Shas. This section is devoted to any other important corrections that Acharonim have pointed out in the Gemara, Rashi and Tosfos.

[1] Gemara 19a [line 1]:

The words "Temuras Vlad" תמורת ולד

should be "Vlad Temuras" ולד תמורת (as in Rashi)

[2] Hagahos ha'Gra 19a (#1):

The words "Girsas Rashi Kan v'Chalil la'Ishim" גרסת רש"י כאן וכליל לאשים

should be "Girsas Rashi Kan Lishna Acharina v'Chalil la'Ishim" גרסת רש"י כאן לישנא אחרינא וכליל לאשים

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1)[line 16]גמירי למקום שהמותר הולך הולד הולךGEMIRI, L'MAKOM SHEHA'MOSAR HOLECH HA'VLAD HOLECH- for we have learned that the offspring of a Korban goes to the same place that the Mosaros go (see Background to Temurah 13:9). With this statement, Abaye is answering Rebbi Eliezer's logic for not allowing the offspring of Temuras Asham to be sacrificed, as well as his logic for allowing a female which was designated as a Pesach to be sacrificed after Pesach (RASHI DH Abaye Amar).

2)[line 29]עובר לאו ירך אמו הואUBAR LAV YERECH IMO HU

There is a Machlokes whether "Ubar Yerech Imo" - "a fetus is no more than a thigh of its mother" (i.e. it is considered a part of its mother), or whether the mother and its fetus are considered to be two different entities. Ravina here says that Rebbi Eliezer holds like Rebbi Yochanan who maintains that they are two different entities.

19b----------------------------------------19b

3a)[line 21]מיגו דנחתא לה קדושת דמים, נחתא נמי קדושת הגוףMIGO D'NACHSA LAH KEDUSHAS DAMIM, NACHSA NAMI KEDUSHAS HA'GUF- since Kedushas Damim takes effect on it, Kedushas ha'Guf also takes effect. (This logic does not apply when one is Makdish a Ba'al Mum, because such an animal is invalid for any Korban at the time that it became Kadosh.)

b)[line 22]קדושת דמיםKEDUSHAS DAMIM- an animal whose value is consecrated; i.e. he consecrated it to be sold and to buy an animal for an offering in exchange (even before the first one develops a Mum)

c)[line 22]קדושת הגוףKEDUSHAS HA'GUF- an animal whose body is consecrated to be offered on the Mizbe'ach (which cannot be redeemed without a Mum)

4)[line 23]הקדיש זכר לדמיוHIKDISH ZACHAR L'DAMAV- a person who consecrated a ram (that was fit to become a Korban) for its monetary value (i.e. to be sold in order to bring a Korban with its value)

5)[line 35]מחוסר זמןMECHUSAR ZMAN

It is forbidden to offer an animal as a sacrifice before it is eight days old, as the verse states, "Shor O Chesev O Ez Ki Yivaled, v'Hayah Shiv'as Yamim Tachas Imo, umi'Yom ha'Shemini va'Hal'ah Yeratzeh l'Korban Isheh la'Sh-m" - "A bull or a sheep or a goat that is born, it shall be under [the care of] its mother for seven days, and on the eighth day and onward it will be acceptable as a fire-offering to HaSh-m" (Vayikra 22:27). An animal that is less than eight days old is called "Mechusar Zeman," since time must pass before it can be offered as a Korban. (See Background to Chulin 38:15.)

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