Sotah Chart #2
Chart for Sotah Daf 29a-30a
Key: <...> = This Tum'ah is derived from a Kal v'Chomer in our Sugya,
THE TUM'AH OF A TEVUL YOM, MECHUSAR KIPURIM, AND OCHEL SHENI (FOOD WHICH IS A SHENI L'TUM'AH)
HIS (OR ITS) OWN HALACHAH
STATUS OF WHAT TOUCHES IT
STATUS OF WHAT TOUCHES (B)
|1a||CHULIN||Mutar to eat||Tahor||Tahor|
|1b||TERUMAH||Asur to eat (1)||Pasul (2)||Tahor|
|1c||KODESH||Asur to eat (1)||Tamei (2)|
|2a||CHULIN||Mutar to eat||Tahor||Tahor|
|2b||TERUMAH||Mutar to eat||Tahor||Tahor|
|2c||KODESH||Asur to eat (1)||Pasul (4)||Tahor|
|3c||KODESH||Tamei (5)||Tamei (6)|
(1) The Gemara in Yevamos (74b) derives this from the three verses which describe the Taharah process. The first verse teaches that a person who is Tamei becomes Tahor with Tevilah alone. The second verse teaches that he becomes Tahor with He'erev Shemesh (sundown) following the Tevilah. The third verse teaches that he becomes Tahor upon offering his Korban the following day. The Gemara explains that the first verse refers to the person's status with regard to Chulin (that is, he becomes permitted to eat Chulin after Tevilah). The second verse refers to his status with regard to Terumah (that is, he becomes permitted to eat Terumah when the sun sets). The third verse refers to his status with regard to Kodesh (that is, he becomes permitted to eat Kodesh only after he offers his Korban the next day).
(2) The Gemara in Yevamos (75a) derives this from the fact that the Torah says that even a Kli which is a Tevul Yom is "Tamei Ad ha'Erev" ("Tamei until the evening"). Since the verse cannot be referring to Tum'ah associated with an Isur Achilah (since a Kli cannot eat), it must be teaching that a Kli which is a Tevul Yom will render Terumah (and all the more so, Kodesh) Pasul by touching it. (This source is cited by Rashi here, beginning of 29b, and in Shabbos, beginning of 14b. The Gemara in Yevamos there cites an additional source to teach that a Tevul Yom renders Terumah Pasul through touch; see also Insights here.)
(3) According to Rashi (end of 29b), this is derived from a Kal va'Chomer from Mechusar Kipurim: if a Mechusar Kipurim is permitted to eat Terumah but forbidden to eat Kodesh, certainly food which touched a Tevul Yom -- which becomes Pasul if it is Terumah -- renders Kodesh Pasul (i.e. it will make a Revi'i b'Kodesh). See Insights.
(4) This is clear from the Mishnah in Tevul Yom (2:4) and other places. However, the Pesul of Kodesh which touches a Mechusar Kipurim is only mid'Rabanan and not mid'Oraisa. (This explains why the Gemara does not say that a Mechusar Kipurim is "Posel" Kodesh, but rather that he is "Pasul" for Kodesh mid'Oraisa, meaning that he is prohibited from eating Kodesh.) See Insights.
(5) This is derived from the verse that says with regard to a Tanur which became Tamei from a Sheretz and became a Rishon l'Tum'ah, "Kol Asher b'Socho Yitma" ("All that is inside of it will become Tamei"); the Tanur which is a Rishon renders the food inside of it a Sheni l'Tum'ah. The verse is discussing all types of food, even Chulin.
(6) According to the Gemara's conclusion, this is derived through a Mah ha'Tzad: just as Tevul Yom of Sheretz and Kli Cheres are Tamei and render Terumah Pasul, a Kikar Sheni, which is also Tamei, renders Terumah Pasul (and certainly renders Kodesh Pasul).
(7) Rebbi Yosi (29b) derives this from a Kal va'Chomer from Mechusar Kipurim: if a Mechusar Kipurim is permitted to eat Terumah but forbidden to eat Kodesh, certainly food which is a Shelishi -- which is Pasul when it is Terumah -- makes Kodesh that it touches become Pasul (i.e. it will make a Revi'i b'Kodesh). According to Tosfos (30a, DH Ha), the conclusion of the Gemara is that this is derived from a Mah ha'Tzad from Mechusar Kipurim and Kli Cheres: just as Mechusar Kipurim and Kli Cheres are Tamei and make Kodesh Pasul, so, too, a Kikar Shelishi, which is also Tamei (that is, when it is Terumah it is Pasul and may not be eaten), renders Kodesh Pasul.