THE MINCHAH COMING FROM COMMUNAL FUNDS
Question: In one Beraisa we learn that the Minchah coming from communal funds is d'Oreisa, and our Mishnah teaches that it is a condition of Beis Din!?
Answer: D'Oreisa it comes from the Tzibur, and the condition was to allow the funds of the Terumas ha'Lishka to be used.
WHOLE OR HALF PARTS OF THE MINCHAH FOR A DECEASED KOHEN
Question: Is the Minchah in such a case whole in both the morning and evening (two Esronim) or only in the morning?
Answer: Both must be whole.
Question: What about the three Lugin of oil?
The Levonah, too, was a question of R. Yochanan.
Is it a full Kometz with each Isaron, or half?
Answer: Since the Kometz is derived from the Lechem ha'Panim, it requires two full Komatzim.
Once we learn the Kometz from Lechem ha'Panim, we should do the same for the three Lugin of oil!
And the ultimate source for the three Lugin is Minchas Chavitin, hence;
We should require three full Lugin.
ME'ILAH BY THE EIFER HAPARAH
Question: The Mishnah implies that mid'Oraisa there is Me'ilah (and the condition of Beis Din removed it), yet the Beraisa teaches that mid'Oraisa there is no Me'ilah!?
Answer: There is no Me'ilah.
People were treating the Eifer lightly.
Chazal made their Gezeirah (Me'ilah).
When the People restored the sanctity of the Parah, the Gezeirah was removed.
THE FOUND KININ
Question: How can the woman be confident that her Kinin were brought?!
Answer: It was a condition of Beis Din with the providers of the Kinin.
SPITTLE, UTENSILS AND KNIVES
(R. Meir): All spittle in Yerushalayim is Tahor, with the exception of the upper market.
(R. Yosi): Throughout the year all spittle in the middle of the road is Tamei, while that on the edge of the road is Tahor.
During the Regalim, that in the middle is Tahor and on the edges is Tamei.
The minority always ends up at the edges.
(R. Meir): Utensils found on the down staircases to a Mikveh are presumed Tamei; on the up staircases they are Tahor.
(R. Yosi): They are all Tehorim except for the utensils used specifically for graves.
Knives found on the 14th may be used for Shechitah; on the 13th they must be immersed.
A butchering knife must always be immersed.
If the 14th was Shabbos, one may do Shechitah with the knife.
If the Kupitz was found on the 15th, he may use it for Shechitah.
If it was tied to a Shechitah knife, it follows the knife.
THE PROHIBITION OF THE UPPER MARKET
(R. Avin citing R. Yehoshua b. Levi): Gentiles were there.
(R. Chaninah): The gentiles would kill wild donkeys there.
It was reported that gentiles were killing in the king's stadium.
The pilgrims feet were sunk in the blood.
The Rabbis did not indicate that they were Tamei.
HOW MUCH BLOOD OF A NEVEILAH IS METAMEI?
(R. Simon citing R. Yehoshua b. Levi): A donkey of Rebbi died, and they determined the blood which came out of it to be Tahor.
Question (R. Eliezer): Until how much blood is Tahor?
R. Simon did not acknowledge the question.
Answer (R. Yehoshua b. Levi): Until a Revi'is.
R. Simon's lack of response bothered R. Eliezer.
When questioned regarding the status of more than a Revi'is, R. Bibi (seemingly in anger) would not acknowledge the question.
When asked why he refused the question, he said that his poverty (having to buy bread from the baker) caused him to be unsettled and thus unable to properly respond.
Question: And what, indeed, is the Halachah regarding a Revi'is of blood from a Neveilah?
Answer (R. Yehoshua b. Pesura testified): It is Tahor.
Rebuttal: No, it is not a Machshir, but it is Metamei.
Question: But we were taught in a Mishnah that only the blood of a Sheretz has this quality (Tamei but not Machshir)?!
Answer: Its uniqueness is its amount (the measure for its blood being equal to the measure of its flesh - K'Adashah) not the quality of Tamei but not Machshir.
(R. Yosi): There is a Machlokes Amoraim regarding the blood of a Neveilah (one says Tamei and one says Tahor).
The one who says Tamei aligns with R. Yehudah.
The one who says Tahor aligns with R. Yehoshua b. Pesura.
(R. Avduma): It is correct to say that R. Yehudah maintains that the blood of Neveilah is Tamei since he was the Posek in the house of Rebbi (and he said that more than a Revi'is is Tamei).
SPITTLE IS TAHOR EXCEPTING THE UPPER MARKET
Question: Why was there a Gezeirah on the upper market?
Answer: On account of the presence of gentiles there.
THE MIDDLE OF THE ROAD AND THE FRINGES
The majority (Tamei) would walk in the center of the road throughout the year and the Tehorim (on the edges) would warn the Temei'im to be careful.
On the Regalim it was the opposite.
ALL UTENSILS ARE TAMEI ON THE DOWN STAIRCASE
Question: But we were taught that there was no Gezeirah on Kelim in Yerushalayim!?
Answer: If they are found on the down staircase, it is certain.
THE BURIAL UTENSILS
Aba Shaul called them Tziporin (not Merutzim).
The Gemara cites reasons for each name.
A KUPITZ TIED TO A KNIFE IS LIKE THE KNIFE
A Beraisa teaches that the knife follows the Kupitz.
HALACHAH 2: THE PAROCHOS
If a Paroches became Tamei d'Rabanan it is immersed within the Azarah and immediately rehung.
If it contacted an Av ha'Tumah, it was removed from the Azarah for immersion, and spread out in the Chayil until nightfall.
A new Paroches would be spread out on the roofs of Har ha''Bayis (for all to see, admire and be inspired to donate).
The dimensions of the Paroches are listed.
Each thread was woven of 24 individual threads.
Its number (of threads, or weavers, or value) is given.
Two a year were made, and it took 300 Kohanim to immerse it.
TWENTY FOUR PLY THREADS
Based on the Pasuk (Sh'mos 26:31) the Gemara derives that the threads were 24 strands, 32 strands or 48 strands.
ROKEM OR CHOSHEV
Question: One Pasuk says Rokem, and one Choshev.
Answer: Rokem is on one face, Choshev is on two.
There is a dispute regarding the images on the faces.
Rokem- A lion on one side and smooth on the other; Choshev- A lion on each side.
Rokem- A lion on each side; Choshev- a lion on one side and an eagle on the other.
HUGE NUMBERS OF THREADS AND CARRIERS
(R. Yitzhok citing Shmuel): These are exaggerations, similar to the Mizbeach having 300 Kor of ashes.