[148a - 34 lines; 148b - 53 lines]
1)[line 3]אדא דיילאADA DAILA- Ada the officer (O.F. menestrel), attendant to the Rabbis
2)[line 3]גרביהGARVEI- seize his clothes
3)[line 10]שניא ליה ידיהSHANYA LEI YADEI- his hand became dislocated (O.F. esloisier)
4)[line 11]איתפח ידיהISPACH YADEI- his hand was healed
5)[line 17][אטו] כולהו בחדא מחתא מחיתנהו?[ATU] KULHU B'CHADA MACHATA MACHTINHU?- lit. are they all woven in one tapestry? (alt. are they all stitched together with one stitch?); i.e., did Shmuel always rule contrary to the Mishnah regarding healing limbs?
PEREK #23 SHO'EL
6a)[line 25]השאילניHASH'ILEINI- lend me for a short period of time
b)[line 26]הלויניHALVEINI- lend me for an extended period of time, e.g. for thirty days (RASHI); Tosfos explains that "Hash'ileini" is usually used in reference to something which is itself returned, whereas "Halveini" is used to reference to something whose exchange is returned, e.g. money
7)[line 32]מליין חצבייהו מיאMALYAN CHATZAVAIHU MAYA- they fill their pitchers with water
8a)[line 33]חצבא רבאCHATZVA RABA- a large pitcher
b)[line 33]חצבא זוטאCHATZVA ZUTA- a small pitcher
9)[line 33]קא מפשו בהילוכאKA MAFSHU B'HILUCHA- they will increase the amount of walking they have to do on Yom Tov
10)[line 1]ניפרוס סודראNIFROS SUDRA- let them spread a cloth over it
11)[line 1]נכסייה בנכתמאNECHASYEI B'NACHTEMA- let them cover it with a wooden cover. (This makes it more inconspicuous. The Gemara is suggesting that any minimal change should be made, to remind people that it is Yom Tov. -Rashi Beitzah 36a)
12)[line 2]למקטריהL'MIKTEREI- to tie the string that holds the cover to the pitcher, thus violating the prohibition of Kosher (tying)
13)[line 4]לא מספקיןLO MESAPKIN- it is forbidden to clap (which was done publicly as a sign of mourning)
14)[line 4]לא מטפחיןLO METAPCHIN- it is forbidden to beat the heart (which was done publicly as a sign of mourning)
15)[line 4]לא מרקדיןLO MERAKDIN- it is forbidden to dance
16)[line 7]אפומא דלחייאA'PUMA D'LECHAYA- at the entrance (lit. mouth) [of a Mavoy], at the point where the Lechi stands (the plank or pole which is used to permit carrying in a Mavoy by reminding a person not to carry into Reshus ha'Rabim)
17)[line 7]מיגנדר ליה חפץMIGANDER LEI CHEFETZ- an object roll away from him
18)[line 8]מותבי חצביMOSVEI CHATZAVEI- they set down their pitchers
19)[line 9]יתבן אפומא דמבואהYASVAN A'PUMA D'MAVO'AH- sit at the entrance of the Mavoy
20)[line 19]עד שתעשינה דמיםAD SHE'TEI'ASENAH DAMIM- until they figure out its value
21)[line 21]הא באתרא דקיץ דמיהHA B'ASRA D'KITZ DAMEI- our Mishnah is discussing a place where the loaves always have a fixed value. If the price goes up, she will pay the price of the loaf at the time that she borrowed it.
22)[line 24]לא ניתנה ליתבעLO NITNAH LITAVA- the case will not be heard by Beis Din
23)[line 30]לא בעינא דליקום בדינא ודיינאLO BA'INA D'LEIKUM B'DINA V'DAYANA- "I do not need the nuisance of going to court, finding judges who will hear the case, etc."
24)[line 32]משמטMESHAMET (HASHMATAS KESAFIM)
(a)The Torah requires that all loans shall be canceled every seventh year, as it states in Devarim 15:2, "Shamot Kol Ba'al Masheh Yado" - "Every creditor who lends anything to his neighbor shall release it." To demand payment of a loan after the Shemitah year is a violation of the prohibition of "Lo Yigos Es Re'ehu v'Es Achiv" - "he shall not exact it of his neighbor or of his brother" (ibid.). Most Rishonim rule that the Shemitah year cancels loans at the end of the year, on the last day of the month of Elul (RAMBAM Hilchos Shemitah v'Yovel 9:1-4).
(b)Hashmatas Kesafim applies mid'Oraisa only when the Yovel year is in practice. Mid'Rabanan it applies today, whether inside or outside of Eretz Yisrael.
(c)Shemitah does not cancel debts which have a due date after the Shemitah year (such as a ten-year loan), since the creditor is not allowed to demand repayment before the due date, and thus "Lo Yisgos" (see (a) above) does not apply. Similarly, Shemitah does not cancel the debt if it can be considered to have been already collected. As such, if a loan is placed in the hands of Beis Din (see Background to Bava Kama 36:16:c-d) or if a Mashkon (collateral) is taken for the loan, it is not cancelled. The latter only applies to collateral of Metaltelin (movable goods) that are already considered to belong to the creditor. In a case where real estate was collected as collateral, the creditor does not acquire the Mashkon, since it stands to be returned. As such, Shemitah does cancel the debt, in spite of the Mashkon.
25)[line 39]מערים איערומיMA'ARIM I'ARUMEI- used a seemingly deceptive act to insure that the loan he gave on Yom Tov would be returned, e.g. to take an object after Yom Tov from the person who borrowed from him
26)[line 42]בממנה אחרים עמוB'MEMANEH ACHEIRIM IMO- in a case where he appointed others to join in his Pesach sacrifice on Shabbos (and not that he first designated the animal as a sacrifice on Shabbos)
27)[line 43]אין נמנין על הבהמהEIN NIMNIN AL HA'BEHEMAH- it is prohibited on Yom Tov to apportion an animal among the people for whom it will be slaughtered. It is similar to buying and selling.
28)[line 47]הקדש עילוי מדרבנןHEKDESH ILUY MID'RABANAN- an extra Hekdesh required by the Chachamim
29)[line 48]לא מעריכיןLO MA'ARICHIN (ERECH)
(a)An Erech (endowment valuation) refers to a special form of vow. If a person declares, "Erech Ploni Alai" - "I accept upon myself to give the endowment value of so-and-so [to Hekdesh]," he must give the specific value that the Torah designates for the person's gender and age group as stated in Vayikra 27:1-8. It makes no difference at all whether the person is healthy or sick, strong or weak.
(b)If one wishes to pledge the value of an individual — whether his own or that of someone else:
1.For ages 1 month to 5 years - the Erech for males is 5 Shekalim and for females is 3 Shekalim
2.For ages 5 years to 20 years - the Erech for males is 20 Shekalim and for females is 10 Shekalim
3.For ages 20 yrs. to 60 years - the Erech for males is 50 Shekalim and for females is 30 Shekalim
4.For ages 60 years and older - the Erech for males is 15 Shekalim and for females is 10 Shekalim
30)[line 48]לא מחרימיןLO MACHARIMIN (CHARAMIM)
(a)There are two types of Charamim, a type of vow or pledge in which one pronounces, "This object should be a Cherem." If the person specifies that he is making a Cherem for Bedek ha'Bayis, then it becomes Cherem for Bedek ha'Bayis. If he specifies that it should be a Cherem for Kohanim, then it becomes Cherem for Kohanim.
1.Chermei Kohanim are given to the Kohanim for their personal use. Before this type of Cherem is handed over to the Kohanim, it cannot be redeemed, as the verse teaches, "It may not be sold and it may not be redeemed" (Vayikra 27:28).
2.Chermei Gavo'ah are given to the Beis ha'Mikdash for the Bedek ha'Bayis. This type of Cherem may be redeemed like any other Hekdesh.
(b)The Tana'im argue (Erchin 28b) as to whether Stam Charamim (Charamim that are pledged without designating the recipient) are allocated to the Kohanim or to the Beis ha'Mikdash.
31)[line 51]פרפרותיוPARPEROSAV- his portions of delicacies; appetizers and deserts
32)[line 51]מפיסMEFIS- he may cast lots
33)[line 52]שלא יתכוין לעשות מנה גדולהSHE'LO YISKAVEN LA'ASOS MANAH GEDOLAH- that is, the lots are being cast just to see who will receive their portion first (TOSFEFTA)
34)[last line]מטילין חלשיןMATILIN CHALASHIN- it is permitted to cast lots
35)[last line]המנותHA'MANOS- (a) portions of Kodshim that were offered before Yom Tov (RASHI); (b) portions of Chulin (specifically not Kodshim. It is permissible to cast lots on Yom Tov even for Kodshim that were offered before Yom Tov as an expression of love for the Mitzvah - RAMBAM Hilchos Yom Tov 4:20)