Rosh Hashanah Chart #2
Chart for Rosh Hashanah Daf 13b-15b
DETERMINING WHICH YEAR AN ITEM OF PRODUCE BELONGS TO
|THE TYPE OF PRODUCE||WHEN THE PRODUCE
IS CONSIDERED FINISHED
|1||ILAN (FRUIT TREE) (1)||Chanatah (2)|
|2||YEREK (VEGETABLE)||Lekitah (3)|
|3||TEVU'AH (WHEAT) (4),
|4||RICE, MILLET, AND
OTHER KITNIYOS (6)
|Hashrashah (according to Rabah (5))
Gemar Pri (according to Shmuel (7) (13b))
|Planted for eating: Lekitah
Planted for seeds: Hashrashah (8)
|6||TILSAN (FENUGREEK)||mishe'Titzmach (9)|
Chart for Rosh Hashanah Daf 14b-15b
DETERMINING TO WHICH YEAR AN ESROG BELONGS
WITH REGARD TO MA'ASER AND SHEVI'IS
|1||AVTULMOS, RABAN GAMLIEL,||Lekitah||Chanatah|
|2||RABBIS OF USHA||Lekitah||Lekitah|
|3||REBBI SHIMON||Gadal v'Nilkat||Gadal v'Nilkat|
|4||REBBI ELIEZER (10)||Chanatah||Chanatah|
(1) According to Rebbi Nechemyah, if a tree produces fruit that is all collected at one time in the year ("Ilan sh'Oseh Bereichah Achas") its year is determined by Lekitah and not Chanatah.
(2) According to Rebbi Eliezer (14b), the Esrog has the status of an Ilan and we follow the Chanatah for all matters (Orlah, Revai, Shevi'is, Ma'aser). See next Chart.
(3) According to Raban Gamliel (14b), the Esrog tree has the status of a Yerek regarding Ma'aser, and thus we follow the Lekitah for Ma'aser. See next Chart.
(4) According to RASHI, Tevu'ah refers to wheat and grapes. According to TOSFOS, it refers only to wheat, but the same Halachah applies to grapes.
(5) This is also the opinion of Rebbi Shimon Shezuri.
(6) The produce of these types of Kitniyos neither grow Shelish nor are not harvested all at one time.
(7) This is the way Rashi learns. Other Rishonim, though, learn differently.
(8) Tosfos (14a DH Havah) says that the Rabanan (in Shevi'is 2:9) argue and hold that Pul ha'Mitzri always follows Lekitah.
(9) That is, when its seeds are mature enough that if planted, they would grow.
(10) This is also the opinion of the Amora'im Rabah and Rav Hamnuna. However, in a case of an Esrog that blossomed (Chanatah) in the sixth year of the Shemitah cycle and was not picked until the seventh, Rabah maintains that the Esrog is Patur from Ma'aser, even though it is a Shishis fruit, because everyone feels free to handle it, thinking that it is grew during Shevi'is (and thus the fruit gets a status of Hefker and Hefker is Patur from Ma'aser).