NIDAH 13 - dedicated by Mrs. Rita Grunberger of Queens, N.Y., in loving memory of her husband, Reb Yitzchok Yakov ben Eliyahu Grunberger. Irving Grunberger helped many people quietly in an unassuming manner and he is dearly missed by all who knew him. His Yahrzeit is 10 Sivan.

[13a - 57 lines; 13b - 51 lines]

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We recommend using the textual changes suggested by the Bach and the marginal notes of the Vilna Shas. This section is devoted to any other important corrections that Acharonim have pointed out in the Gemara and Rashi.

[1] Rashi 13a DH a'Nashim ד"ה אנשים:

The words "Meshubachas deka'Tani" משובחת דקתני

should be "a'Meshubachas deka'Tani" אמשובחת קתני



1)[line 2]תקצץTIKATZETZ- should be severed

2)[line 3]הרגשהHARGASHAH- titillating sensation

3)[line 9]מטליתMATLIS- a cloth

4)[line 12]היה אוכל בתרומהHAYAH OCHEL BI'TERUMAH

(a)After a crop is harvested and brought to the owner's house or yard, the owner must separate Terumah from the crop, which he gives to a Kohen. Kohanim and members of their households are allowed to eat Terumah, as long as they are Tehorim.

(b)A Kohen who is Tamei who eats Terumah that is Tahor is liable to Misah b'Yedei Shamayim, as is learned from the verse in Vayikra 22:9.

5)[line 13]אמתוAMASO- his male organ

6a)[line 25]נצוצותNITZOTZOS- (lit. sparks) droplets of urine

b)[line 26]כרות שפכהKERUS SHAFCHAH- a man who is sterile due to a mutilated male organ [and who therefore dribbles while urinating]

7)[line 31]עפר תיחוחAFAR TICHO'ACH- loose, fine dirt

8)[line 41]"וירע בעיני ה' אשר עשה, וימת גם אותוץ""VA'YERA B'EINEI HASH-M ASHER ASAH, VA'YAMES GAM OSO."- "And what he did was wicked in the eyes of HaSh-m, and He killed even him." (Bereishis 38:10) - The previous verse states that when Onan had relations with Tamar, he spilled his seed on the ground (Bereishis Raba 85:5 to Bereishis 38:9).

9)[line 43]"הנחמים באלים תחת כל עץ רענן; שוחטי הילדים בנחלים תחת סעיפי הסלעים?""HA'NECHAMIM BA'ELIM TACHAS KOL ETZ RA'ANAN; SHOCHATEI HA'YELADIM BA'NECHALIM TACHAS SE'IFEI HA'SELA'IM?"- "Inflaming yourselves among the terebinths, under every green tree; slaying the children in the valleys under the clefts of the rocks?" (Yeshayah 57:5) - Our Gemara uses the Derash interpretation, which reads the word "Shochatei" as "Sochatei"; therefore, the term "Sochatei ha'Yeladim" means squeezing out semen.

10)[line 46]"... על ההרים הרמים ועל הגבעות, ותחת כל עץ רענן.""… AL HE'HARIM HA'RAMIM V'AL HA'GEVA'OS, V'SACHAS KOL ETZ RA'ANAN."- "[You shall completely destroy all of the places, where the nations which you shall possess served their gods,] upon the high mountains, and upon the hills, and under every leafy tree." (Devarim 12:2)

11)[line 47]אאיגראA'IGRA- on the roof

12)[line 47]בי כנישתא דשף ויתיבBEI KENISHTA D'SHAF V'YASIV- (a) the Beis ha'Keneses located in Shaf v'Yasiv in the district of Neharde'a; (b) the Beis ha'Keneses which was moved from Eretz Yisrael and built in Neharde'a (Yechanyah and the people exiled with him took from the stones and dirt of Eretz Yisrael and built the Beis ha'Keneses from them); (c) the Beis ha'Keneses that collapsed and was rebuilt a number of times (RASHI to Avodah Zarah 43b, Megilah 29a and Rosh ha'Shanah 24b)

13)[line 48]שיננאSHINENA- well-learned (sharp) person

14)[line 50]בולשתBOLESHES- a battalion of troops (who normally enter a city to pillage, whether it is wartime or not)

15a)[line 50]בשעת שלוםBI'SHE'AS SHALOM- during a time of peace

b)[line 51]בשעת מלחמהBI'SHE'AS MILCHAMAH- during wartime

16)[line 52]אין להן פנאי לנסךEIN LAHEN PENAI L'NASECH - they do not have time to make the wine Yayin Nesech (YAYIN NESECH)

(a)Wine that was poured as an idolatrous libation is Asur b'Hana'ah. This is derived from the verse, "Asher Chelev Zevacheimo Yochelu, Yishtu Yein Nesicham" - "Those who ate the fat of their sacrifices, and drank the wine of their drink-offerings" (Devarim 32:38), which compares the wine of libations to an animal sacrificed for idolatrous purposes.

(b)The Chachamim prohibited the wine of a Nochri that was not poured as a libation ("Stam Yeinam") out of fear that drinking wine together would lead to intermarriage. In order to avoid confusion between Yayin Nesech and Stam Yeinam, the Chachamim instituted that Stam Yeinam is also Asur b'Hana'ah (one of the "Eighteen Decrees" — Shabbos 17b). Although this is only an Isur mid'Rabanan, it is a very severe prohibition (see Chochmas Adam 75:1).

17)[line 52]בעיתיBE'ISI- they are afraid

18)[line 55]אימתא דמריה עליהEIMSA D'MAREI ALEI- the fear of Heaven (lit. his Master) is upon him

19)[line 56]ביציםBEITZIM- the testicles


20)[line 1]המקשה עצמו לדעתHA'MAKSHEH ATZMO L'DA'AS- one who knowingly stimulates his male organ

21)[line 2]קמגרי יצר הרע אנפשיהKA'MEGAREI YETZER HA'RA A'NAFSHEI- he incites his evil inclination

22)[line 10]"כי לא קל חפץ רשע אתה; לא יגורך רע""KI LO KEL CHAFETZ RESHA ATAH; LO YEGURCHA RA."- "For You are not a G-d Who desires wickedness; no evil dwells with You." (Tehilim 5:5)

23)[line 11]"ידיכם דמים מלאו.""YEDEICHEM DAMIM MALE'U."- "[And when you stretch out your hands, I will hide My eyes from you; and, when you make many prayers, I will not hear;] your hands are full of blood." (Yeshayah 1:15)

24)[line 12]המנאפים בידHA'MENA'AFIM B'YAD- those who masturbate

25)[line 16]ספחתSAPACHAS- a mark of Tzara'as (see Background to Kerisus 8:16)

26)[line 17]משכבזכורM ISHKAV ZACHUR

It is forbidden for a man to have relations with another man as stated in Vayikra 18:22. If he did the act after receiving a proper warning not to do it, and two witnesses saw him do it, the punishment for this sin is Sekilah (stoning).

27)[line 18]בני מבול נינהוBNEI MABUL NINHU- they deserve to be punished with a flood (lit. they bring a flood to the world)

28)[line 19]נסיביNESIVI- they marry

29)[line 20]עד שיכלו כל הנשמות שבגוףAD SHE'YICHLU KOL HA'NESHAMOS SHEB'GUF- until [all] the souls that are in "Guf" will be born (lit. finished). Guf is the chamber in which the souls of all future Jews are kept; alt., Guf refers to the Pargod (Heavenly Curtain) that divides between the Shechinah and the angels (RASHI to Yevamos 63b; see also Insights there)

30)[line 21]"[כי לא לעולם אריב ולא לנצח אקצוף,] כי רוח מלפני יעטוף, ונשמות אני עשיתי""[KI LO L'OLAM ARIV, V'LO LA'NETZACH EKTZOF,] KI RU'ACH MI'LEFANAI YA'ATOF, U'NESHAMOS ANI ASISI."- "[For I will not contend forever, nor will I always be angry;] when the spirit [of man finally] becomes subservient before Me and the souls whom I have made." (Yeshayah 57:16) - The Gemara interprets this phrase to mean, "for the spirit that is before Me and the souls that I have made (that have not as yet been born) are holding back [the redemption.]"

31)[line 23]לטותאLETUSA- a curse

32)[line 24]קץ ידאKATZ YADA- he [ruled in Beis Din to] cut off the hand [of a person who was heavily inclined to hit people with his hand] (Sanhedrin 58b)

33)[line 26]תקצץ ידו על טבורוTIKATZETZ YADO AL TIBURO- (a) Originally the Gemara understands this to mean that his hand should be laid on his stomach and severed there; (b) The Gemara's conclusion is that it means that his hand should be severed because it touched beneath the belt

34)[line 28]לבאר שחתL'BE'ER SHACHAS- to the well of destruction; Gehinom

35a)[line 34]חרשתCHERESHES- a woman who is a deaf mute

b)[line 35]שוטהSHOTAH - (lit. a fool) a woman who is mad or deranged (SHOTEH)

(a)A person is classified as a Shoteh if he regularly, because of madness, destroys or loses that which is given to him, sleeps in a cemetery, goes out alone at night or tears his clothes (Chagigah 3b). According to the RAMBAM (Hilchos Edus 9:9), a person is a Shoteh if he regularly exhibits any form of irrational behavior.

(b)A Shoteh is exempt from performing Mitzvos, is not punished for his transgressions and is not liable for the damages that he causes. His purchases and sales are meaningless and are not binding.

(c)It is not possible to depend on a woman who is a Shotah to know exactly when she experiences bleeding.

c)[line 34]סומאSUMA- a blind woman

d)[line 34]נטרפה דעתהNITREFAH DA'ATAH- a woman who has lost her mind due to an illness

36)[line 34]פקחותPIKCHOS- women who are fully mentally competent

37)[line 47]גבעוליןGIV'OLIN- cup-like buds at the top of the Ezov (hyssop)

38)[line 47]אזובEZOV (HAZA'AS MEI CHATAS)

See Background to Nidah 9:7.

39)[line 50]פמלניא של פרשיםPIMLANYA SHEL PARASHIM- (O.F. porceint - a belt) knee-breeches of horsemen; alt. of PERUSHIM - of those who are extremely meticulous in their Torah-observance

40)[last line]שנציםSHANTZIM- (O.F. esterles) laces, drawstrings