NIDAH 4 (4 Sivan) - Dedicated by Rabbi Kornfeld's father, Mr. David Kornfeld, in memory of the members of his family who perished at the hands of the Nazi murderers in the Holocaust, Hashem Yikom Damam: His mother (Mirel bas Yakov Mordechai), brothers (Shraga Feivel, Aryeh Leib and Yisachar Dov sons of Mordechai), grandfather (Reb Yakov Mordechai ben Reb David Shpira) and aunt (Charne bas Yakov Mordechai, the wife of Reb Moshe Aryeh Cohen zt'l). Their Yahrzeit is observed on 4 Sivan.

[4a - 36 lines; 4b - 46 lines]

1)[line 8]תשמישה ע''י כסויTASHMISHAH AL YEDEI KISUY- [the utensil] is used by removing and replacing its cover

2)[line 22]לתלות, תלינןLITLOS, TALINAN- where we can say that something else caused it, we do

3)[line 23]חלודהCHALUDAH- (O.F. redoille) rust

4)[line 27]מטלית (המהומהם) המהוההMATLIS (HA'MEHUMHAM) HA'MEHUHAH- a worn-out cloth (which can no longer be used, and is therefore no longer Mekabel Tum'ah)

5)[line 32]דףDAF- a shelf

6)[line 32]מדף טמאMADAF TAMEI- a garment that is Tamei (the Gemara assumes at first that this is referring to the Elyon of a Zav (see Background to Kerisus 18:2b:d) but later concludes that it is a garment that is Tamei mid'Rabanan - see below, entry #10 and #11)

4b----------------------------------------4b

7)[line 2]עורבOREV- a raven

8)[line 5]ספק טומאה ברה''י, ספקה טמאSAFEK TUM'AH BI'RESHUS HA'YACHID, SEFEKAH TAMEI

See Background to Nidah 2:10.

9)[line 6]דבר שאין בו דעת לישאלDAVAR SHE'EIN BO DA'AS LI'SHA'EL

(a)When there is a doubt as to whether an object is Tahor or Tamei, if the object is found in a private, concealed place, it is judged to be Tamei (see Background to Nidah 2:10).

(b)This Halachah applies only if the thing that transfers the Tum'ah or the object that receives the Tum'ah is a Ben Da'as (i.e. has intelligence). If there is a doubt as to whether an object that was Tamei touched another object that was Tahor and no human was involved, or a child with no intelligence (according to the Halachah) was involved, the object that was Tahor remains so (since this case cannot be compared to the case of the Sotah woman, in which Bnei Da'as were involved, where she can be asked as to her status).

10)[line 9]בטומאה דרבנןB'TUM'AH D'RABANAN- we are referring to a garment that is Tamei mid'Rabanan, such as Bigdei Perushin Midras l'Ochlei Terumah or Bigdei Amei ha'Aretz Midras l'Perushin (see Background to Chulin 35:3)

11)[line 10]עלה נדףALEH NIDAF- a blowing leaf (the word "Nidaf" refers to something light, such as a leaf that is being blown; similarly, the word Madaf refers to "light" Tum'ah, i.e. mid'Rabanan)

12)[line 13]הפריז על מדותיוHIFRIZ AL MIDOSAV- who "went beyond his measures," i.e. extended the restrictions of the law to a great degree

13)[line 31]לחדודי לאביי הוא דבעיL'CHADUDEI L'ABAYE HU D'BA'I- he only did it to sharpen Abaye's scholarship (so that he would ask)

14)[line 35]עונהONAH- a twelve-hour period (either night or day) [during which the Rabanan rule stringently that the woman (who did not check to insure that she was not bleeding) must assume that she had already begun menstruating]

15)[line 37]שלא יהא חוטא נשכרSHE'LO YEHEI CHOTEI NISKAR- so that a person who sins does not benefit from his action

16)[line 37]אתניסה ולא בדקהISNISAH V'LO BADKAH- due to circumstances beyond her control she was unable to check herself

17)[line 44]מטמאה מעת לעתMETAM'AH ME'ES L'ES- that is, she has the same retroactive Tum'ah as any other woman (according to the Chachamim of our Mishnah)

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