1)

(a)According to Rebbi Meir, (dry) Egyptian beans fall into the category of 'Dagan' (grain). Why is that?

(b)Which two categories of crops do not, according to him?

(c)What do the Chachamim say?

(d)What does Rebbi Meir say about 'ha'Noder min ha'Tevu'ah'?

1)

(a)According to Rebbi Meir, dry Egyptian beans fall into the category of 'Dagan' (grain) - because, like Dagan they are placed in a pile and stored.

(b)The two categories of crops that do not, according to him, are - the fruit of the trees and vegetables (see previous Mishnah, where the Tana also precluded legumes from the category of vegetables).

(c)According to the Chachamim - Dagan incorporates the five species of grain (wheat, barley, rye, oats and spelt) exclusively ...

(d)... which is what Rebbi Meir says - with regard to somebody who is Noder from Tevu'ah.

2)

(a)Why did Chizkiyah ha'Melech institute that Yisrael should bring all their T'rumos and Ma'asros to the Beis ha'Mikdash? What did they used to do before that?

(b)According to Rebbi Meir (who maintains that whatever is stored is included in 'Dagan'), having mentioned "Reishis Dagan", why does the Pasuk in Divrei ha'Yamim ("v'chi'Ferotz ha'Davar ... ") add "v'Chol Tevu'as ha'Sadeh"? What does this come to include?

(c)Rebbi Yochanan informs us that everyone agrees (even the Chachamim of Rebbi Meir) that 'Tevu'ah' incorporates only the five species of grain. Why might we have thought otherwise?

(d)In light of Rebbi Yochanan's statement, how does Rava explain the Pasuk in Divrei ha'Yamim, which adds 'Kol Tevu'as ha'Sadeh' after having mentioned 'Reishis Dagan' (which already incorporates the five species of grain, even according to the Chachamim)?

2)

(a)Chizkiyah instituted that Yisrael (who would previously wait for the Kohanim and the Leviyim to come to the granary for their Matanos) should bring all their Terumos and Ma'asros to the Beis ha'Mikdash - because the people were lax in giving them.

(b)According to Rebbi Meir (who maintains that whatever is stored is included in 'Dagan'), the Pasuk ("v'Chi'Ferotz ha'Davar ... ") having mentioned "Reishis Dagan", adds "v'Chol Tevu'as ha'Sadeh" - to include the fruit of the trees and vegetables.

(c)Rebbi Yochanan informs us that everyone agrees (even the Chachamim of Rebbi Meir) that 'Tevu'ah' incorporates only the five species of grain. We might have thought otherwise - because 'Alalta' (the Aramaic for 'Tevu'ah') implies all kinds of produce.

(d)In light of Rebbi Yochanan's statement, Rava explains the Pasuk in Divrei ha'Yamim, which adds 'Kol Tevu'as ha'Sadeh' after having mentioned 'Reishis Dagan' (which already incorporates the five species of grain, even according to the Chachamim) - by differentiating between 'Tevu'ah' (which applies exclusively to the five species of grain) and 'Tevu'as ha'Sadeh', which is inclusive.

3)

(a)What She'eilah did Rava send to Rav Yosef (his Rebbi) when Mar bar Shmuel bequeathed him in his will thirteen thousand Zuz from 'Alalta di'Nehar Panya'?

(b)On what grounds did Abaye object, when Rav Yosef tried to prove from our Mishnah, that Tevu'ah is confined to the five species of grain?

(c)It transpired that that was not really what Rava wanted to know. Why not? What then, was his She'eilah?

(d)He thought that, perhaps the rental for ships and houses is not considered 'Alalta', because they tend to depreciate. What is the counter argument to that?

3)

(a)When Mar bar Shmuel bequeathed Rava in his will thirteen thousand Zuz from 'Alalta di'Nehar Panya', he sent Rav Yosef (his Rebbi) a She'eilah - as to what Mar bar Shmuel meant by 'Alalta'.

(b)When Rav Yosef tried to prove from our Mishnah that Tevu'ah is confined to the five species of grain - Abaye objected on the grounds that Mar bar Shmuel did not write 'Tevu'ah' in his will, but 'Alalta', which, as we have already learned, is more inclusive than 'Tevu'ah'.

(c)It transpired that this was not really what Rava wanted to know - because he knew it already. What he really wanted to know was - whether 'Alalta' incorporated the rental for ships and houses (which Mar bar Shmuel apparently had owned).

(d)He thought that, perhaps the rental for ships and houses is not considered 'Alalta', because they tend to depreciate. On the other hand - the extent of their depreciation is not known in advance, in which case it may still be included in 'Alalta'.

4)

(a)Rav Yosef was nevertheless cross with Rava for troubling him about something that he seemed to know himself. How did Rava react to that?

(b)What caused Rav Yosef (who was blind) to suspect that Rava might be in his house?

(c)Who was Rav Yosef bar Chama, to whose son Rav Yosef referred?

4)

(a)Rav Yosef was nevertheless cross with Rava for troubling him about something that he seemed to know himself. Rava reacted to that - by going to visit his Rebbi on Erev Yom Kippur to ask for forgiveness.

(b)Rav Yosef (who was blind) suspected that Rava might be in his home - when he tasted the wine, which Rava (having first obtained permission from the Shamash) had diluted. This is because Rava was famous for his preparation of wine (diluting it exactly three parts water to one part wine).

(c)Rav Yosef bar Chama, to whose son Rav Yosef referred - was Rava's father.

5)

(a)Rav Yosef instructed Rava to explain some of the Pesukim of 'Shiras ha'Be'er' in Chukas. How did Rava explain ...

1. ... "u'mi'Midbar Matanah"?

2. ... "u'mi'Matanah Nachali'el"?

3. ... "u'mi'Nachali'el Bamos"?

(b)And what happens to someone who allows his raised status to go to his head?

(c)And how did he explain the Pasuk in Yeshayah "Kol Gei Yinasei" (even though it is written in a different Sefer)?

(d)Why did Rav Yosef ask Rava for this explanation specifically now?

5)

(a)Rav Yosef instructed Rava to explain some of the Pesukim of 'Shiras ha'Be'er' in Chukas. Rava explained ...

1. ... "u'mi'Midbar Matanah" to mean - that if someone makes himself Hefker (adopts the attitude that everything is secondary to Torah), the Torah is given to him as a Divine gift (he will receive tremendous Divine inspiration in his learning).

2. ... "u'mi'Matanah Nachali'el" - that once he receives Torah as a gift, he becomes Hash-m's inheritance.

3. ... "u'mi'Nachali'el Bamos" - that once he becomes Hash-m's inheritance, he will rise to greatness.

(b)And if someone allows this raised status to go to his head - Hash-m will lower him again (as the Pasuk continues "u'mi'Bamos ha'Gai"), and not only that, but He will sink him into the ground ("v'Nishkafah al-Pnei ha'Yeshimon").

(c)And he explained the Pasuk "Kol Gei Yinasei" (even though it is written in a different Sefer) - to mean that should he do Teshuvah, Hash-m will elevate him once more.

(d)Rav Yosef asked Rava for this explanation specifically now (following the previous episode) - to teach him the importance of extreme humility.

55b----------------------------------------55b

6)

(a)We learned in a Beraisa 'ha'Noder min ha'Dagan, Asur Af b'Pul ha'Mitzri Yavesh, u'Mutar b'Lach'. What else does the Tana preclude from the Neder?

(b)Are kid-goats, lambs, milk, eggs and fledglings included, if someone declares ...

1. ... 'Peiros ha'Shanah Alai'?

2. ... 'Gidulei Shanah Alai'?

(c)In which case will the latter Neder not be valid at all?

(d)Are mushrooms included, if someone declares ...

1. ... 'Konam Alai Peiros ha'Aretz'?

2. ... 'Konam Alai Gidulei Karka'?

6)

(a)We learned in a Beraisa 'ha'Noder min ha'Dagan, Asur Af b'Pul ha'Mitzri Yavesh, u'Mutar b'Lach '. The Tana also precludes - rice and wheat which is divided into two, three or four from the Neder.

(b)If someone declares ...

1. ... 'Peiros ha'Shanah Alai' - kid-goats, lambs, milk, eggs and fledglings are not included.

2. ... 'Gidulei Shanah Alai' - they are.

(c)The latter Neder will not be valid at all - if it is for an unlimited time-period (or perhaps if it covers a time-period that is not possible to adhere to).

(d)If someone declares ...

1. ... 'Peiros ha'Aretz Alai' - mushrooms are not included.

2. ... 'Gidulei Karka Alai' - they are.

7)

(a)What Berachah does one recite over salt, brine and mushrooms?

(b)Why do we not recite 'Borei Pri ha'Adamah' over mushrooms?

(c)The Tana describes the above as 'Ein Gidulo min ha'Aretz'. How do we amend this?

7)

(a)The Berachah that one recites over salt, brine and mushrooms - is 'she'ha'Kol Nih'yah bi'Devaro'.

(b)We do not recite 'Borei Pri ha'Adamah' over mushrooms - because they receive their nourishment from the air, and not from the ground.

(c)The Tana describes the above as 'Ein Gidulo min ha'Aretz'. We amend this to read - 'Ein Yonek min ha'Aretz'.

8)

(a)The Tosefta states that a Neder from 'Tirosh' incorporates all sweet drinks, but not wine. Why is that?

(b)Why might it be that if we said 'Konam Alai Tirosh', we would be forbidden to drink wine, but not other sweet drinks?

(c)What would be forbidden to someone who declared ...

1. ... 'Konam Alai Mazon'?

2. ... 'Kol ha'Zan Alai'?

8)

(a)The Tosefta states that a Neder from 'Tirosh' incorporates all sweet drinks but not wine - because as regards Nedarim, we follow the way people speak, and in the vernacular, that is what 'Tirosh means.

(b)It might well be however, that if we were to say 'Konam Alai Tirosh', we would be forbidden to drink wine, but not other sweet drinks - because the Tosefta's ruling is confined to people who speak in Lashon ha'Kodesh. As far as those who speak other languages is concerned, 'Tirosh' means (exclusively) wine.

(c)Someone who declares ...

1. ... 'Konam Alai Mazon' - is forbidden to eat only things that are prepared from the five species of grain.

2. ... 'Kol ha'Zan Alai' - may not eat anything other than salt and brine.

9)

(a)What does the Mishnah say about someone who declares 'Konam Alai Kesus'? Which two things does he permit him to wear besides sackcloth?

(b)What does the Tana Kama say about someone who declares 'Konam Alai Tzemer' or 'Konam Alai' Pishtan', wearing pieces of raw wool or flax, respectively?

(c)What does Rebbi Yehudah say?

(d)What example does he give to illustrate his point?

9)

(a)The Mishnah permits someone who declares 'Konam Alai Kesus' to wear sackcloth - a curtain and a Chamilah (a kind of curtain).

(b)The Tana Kama of our Mishnah permits someone who declares 'Konam Alai Tzemer' or 'Konam Alai' Pishtan' to wear pieces of raw wool or flax, respectively.

(c)Rebbi Yehudah maintains - that generally it is forbidden. However, it depends on the circumstances.

(d)For example if someone who perspired or who suffered from bad breath whenever he carried heavy bundles of raw wool or linen, and who subsequently declared a Neder forbidding raw wool or linen to go on him, would be permitted to wear them; otherwise not.

10)

(a)The Beraisa reiterates the preclusion of sackcloth, a curtain and a Chamilah from 'Kesus (listed in our Mishnah). What does the Tana go on to say about a money-belt, a band that goes round the legs, a leather-maker's shirt and apron, socks, an apron, pants and a hat?

(b)And what does he say (with regard to Shabbos) about a person walking on the street wearing ...

1. ... a thick sackcloth, thick cloth (Sigus) and curtains?

2. ... an ark, a box and a mat?

(c)Is one permitted to go out into the street on Shabbos wearing a sack to protect oneself from the rain?

(d)Then why does the Tana of the Beraisa specifically mention shepherds?

10)

(a)The Beraisa reiterates the preclusion of sackcloth, a curtain and a Chamilah from 'Kesus (listed in our Mishnah). The Tana goes on to incorporate in the Neder a money-belt, a band that goes round the legs, a leather-maker's shirt and apron, socks, an apron, pants and a hat.

(b)And he permits a person to walk in the street on Shabbos wearing ...

1. ... a thick sackcloth, thick cloth (Sigus) and curtains ...

2. ... but not an ark, a box or a mat.

(c)One is permitted to go out into the street on Shabbos - wearing a sack to protect oneself from the rain ...

(d)... and the reason that the Tana of the Beraisa specifically mention shepherds - is (not to preclude other people, but) because they will be the most likely to take advantage of this concession.

11)

(a)According to Rebbi Yehudah in our Mishnah, whether or not, 'ha'Noder min ha'Kesus' incorporates raw wool and flax, depends on circumstances and he illustrated the case where the Noder obviously had in mind not to carry them. What case does he present in a Beraisa where the Noder obviously had in mind ...

1. ... not to wear raw wool?

2. ... not to wear raw linen?

(b)In which point do the Tana of our Mishnah and the Tana of the Beraisa argue over Rebbi Yehudah's Sevara?

(c)Like whom is the Halachah?

(d)How does the Rambam rule?

11)

(a)According to Rebbi Yehudah in our Mishnah, whether or not, 'ha'Noder min ha'Kesus' incorporates raw wool and flax, depends on circumstances, and he illustrated the case where the Noder obviously had in mind not to carry them. In a Beraisa - he presents the case where the Noder obviously had in mind ...

1. ... not to wear raw wool - when he suffered from wearing raw wool (which shrank and was too tight on him), and subsequently declared 'Konam Tzemer Oleh Alai'.

2. ... not to wear raw linen - when he perspired heavily from wearing raw linen, and subsequently declared 'Konam Pishtan Oleh Alai'.

(b)The Tana of our Mishnah and the Tana of the Beraisa argue over Rebbi Yehudah's Sevara. According to the Tana of our Mishnah - Rebbi Yehudah (who does not give the first example mentioned in the Beraisa) agrees with the Tana Kama that, wherever there is no indication what the Noder means, the Lashon implies wearing and not carrying. Whereas according to the Tana of the Beraisa, unless there is an indication to the contrary, the Lashon implies both.

(c)We rule in this issue - like Rebbi Yehudah in our Mishnah.

(d)The Rambam however - rules like Rebbi Yehudah in the Beraisa.

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