NEDARIM 60 (7 Av) - Dedicated in memory of Dr. Simcha Bekelnitzky (Simcha Gedalya ben Shraga Feibush) of Queens, N.Y., Niftar 7 Av 5757, by his wife and daughters. G-d-fearing and knowledgeable, Simcha was well known in the community for his Chesed and Tzedakah. He will long be remembered.

[60a - 24 lines; 60b - 21 lines]

1)[line 5]הטבלHA'TEVEL (KOVE'A L'MA'ASER)

(a)Every fruit (or other produce) that must be tithed may not be eaten b'Achilas Keva (as a normal meal) before its Terumos and Ma'asros have been removed or designated. It may, however, be eaten b'Achilas Ara'i (as a "snack," not as a meal) until it becomes "Hukba l'Ma'aser" (designated for tithing) through an action that demonstrates the final preparation of the fruit for eating. After it is Hukba l'Ma'aser, it is forbidden to eat even b'Achilas Ara'i before the tithes are separated.

(b)Seven actions can designate fruits as Hukba l'Ma'aser:

1.Pickling the fruit

2.Dipping the fruit in salt

3.Starting to prepare the fruit to be eaten through heating (cooking, roasting, etc.)

4.Designating the fruit to be eaten on Shabbos

5.Separating Terumah from the fruit

6.Bringing the fruit into the owner's yard

7.Bringing the fruit to the market for sale

(c)The Amora'im question whether these actions designate the fruit as Hukba l'Ma'aser even if they have not reached the stage of "Nigmerah Melachtan" or only if they have reached the stage of "Nigmerah Melachtan." Nigmerah Melachtan means that the fruit has reached the final stage of preparation for which it is normally grown, such as removing the chaff from grain in the field and making it into an evened pile ("Miru'ach") and squeezing wine-grapes for wine. With regard to bringing the fruit into the owner's yard (#6 above, "Chatzer"), all agree that the fruit becomes Hukba l'Ma'aser only after it has reached the stage of Nigmerah Melachtan.


2)[line 11]שבת זוSHABBOS ZO- this week

3)[line 12]ושבת שעברהV'SHABBOS SHE'AVRAH- and [the coming] Shabbos is [considered to follow the] previous [weekdays, and is therefore included in the Neder]

4)[line 13]ור''ח להבאV'ROSH CHODESH L'HABA- and [the coming] Rosh Chodesh is [considered to follow the] subsequent [month, and is therefore excluded from the Neder]

5)[line 15]שבוע זהSHAVU'A ZEH- this seven-year Shemitah cycle


6)[line 12]ולא ליתסרV'LO LITSAR- (the Girsa of the Tosfos, Rosh and Ran is V'LITSAR)

7)[last line]ובעיבורהUV'IBURAH- and in its leap month, the extra month of Adar that is added in a leap year