NEDARIM 20 - Dedicated in memory of Max (Meir Menachem ben Shlomo ha'Levi) Turkel, by his children Eddie and Lawrence and his wife Jean Turkel/Rafalowicz. Max was a warm and loving husband and father and is missed dearly by his family and friends. His Yahrzeit is 5 Teves.

[20a - 41 lines; 20b - 39 lines]

1)[line 8]פותחין להן פתח ממקום אחרPOSCHIN LAHEN PESACH MI'MAKOM ACHER (CHARATAH)

(a)When an adult makes a Neder (or designates Chalah, Terumah, or Kodshim) or Nezirus, and he regrets having made the Neder, he may have it revoked by a Beis Din of three (if they are not outstanding authorities) or a Yachid Mumcheh (an outstanding authority). The general method used is that Beis Din investigates whether the person would not have made the Neder in the first place had he been aware of a particular fact. This investigation provides the person with a "Pesach" (opening) with which the Beis Din can revoke the Neder.

(b)If there are no facts that the person who made the Neder was not aware of but, nevertheless, he now regrets making the Neder, there is a Machlokes Tana'im as to whether the fact that the person regrets having made the Neder ("Charatah") is enough of a Pesach to allow the Neder to be annulled. The Halachah follows the opinion that Charatah is a valid Pesach in and of itself.

(c)The above interpretation follows the opinion of the RI and the RAN. RASHI (cited by RAV AVRAHAM MIN HA'HAR) and RABEINU TAM, however, claim that the words "mi'Makom Acher" indicate that the Chachamim in this Mishnah rule that Charatah is not a valid Pesach for these Nedarim.

2a)[line 38]חיגריןCHIGRIN- lame

b)[line 39]אילמיםILMIM- dumb (mute)


3)[line 1]יפיפיןYEFEIFIN- (a) beautiful; (b) unblemished; without Mumim (physical impairments) (ROSH)

4)[line 4]כמי שכפאו שדK'MI SHE'KAFA'O SHED- like someone who was forced by a demon

5a)[line 13]צליTZELI- roasted

b)[line 13]מבושלMEVUSHAL- cooked

c)[line 13]שלוקSHALUK- thoroughly cooked

6)[line 19]דמצייני כמלאכי השרתD'METZAINEI K'MAL'ACHEI HA'SHARES- that they stand out [from other people] like the Ministering Angels

7)[line 24]מאי שנא מן ביניתאMAI SHENA MIN BINISA?- How are you different from a fish?

8)[line 27]"וברותי מכם המורדים והפושעים בי""U'VAROSI MIKEM HA'MORDIM VEHA'POSH'IM BI..."- "And I will purge out from among you the rebels, and those who transgress against Me; [I will bring them out from the country where they sojourn, and they shall not enter into the land of Yisrael; and you shall know that I am HaSh-m]" (Yechezkel 20:38).

9)[line 30]תמורהTEMURAH- substitution

10)[line 31]ערבוביאIRUBUVYA- mixture, confusion

11)[line 35]"[ו]מבני יששכר יודעי בינה לעתים]""[U']MI'BENEI YISACHAR YODE'EI VINAH LA'ITIM..."- "And of the children of Yisachar, men who had understanding of the times, [to know what Yisrael ought to do; the heads of them were two hundred, and all their brothers were at their command]" (Divrei ha'Yamim I 12:33).


12)[line 37]נדרי זרוזיןNIDREI ZERUZIN- vows for purposes of motivation

13)[line 37]ונדרי הבאיV'NIDREI HAVAI- and vows of exaggeration, vows of nonsense with no substance