1)

THE CHIDUSH THAT A NAZIR SHAVES FOR A MES (Yerushalmi Perek 7 Halachah 2 Daf 34b)

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(a)

(Mishnah): A Nazir must shave (Tiglachas Tum'ah) if he became Tamei from any of the following:

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1.

A Mes; a k'Zayis of a Mes; a k'Zayis of Netzel (this will be explained); a full spoon of Rekev (a decayed Mes);

2.

A spine and (or) skull;

3.

A limb that separated from the body, in his life or after death, with sufficient flesh on it [that if it were attached to the person, it could heal]

4.

Half a Kav of bones; half a Log of blood;

i.

If he touched, moved or was in a tent with any of these [he must shave].

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5.

A bone k'Se'orah (the size of a barley seed), if he touches or moves it,

(b)

[For all of these] a Nazir must shave, they sprinkle on him (Mei Chatas) on days three and seven, and he cancels all days observed until now.

:

1.

He does not start to count [Nezirus Taharah] until he becomes Tahor and brings Korbanos.

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(c)

(Gemara) Question (an elder, to R. Yochanan): A k'Zayis of a Mes is Metamei, and all the more so a full Mes! (Why did the Mishnah need to teach also 'a Mes'?

(d)

Answer (R. Yochanan): This includes a Nefel (stillborn baby) that does not have a k'Zayis [of flesh].

(e)

Question (the elder): A limb of a Mes is Metamei, and all the more so a full Mes!

(f)

Answer (R. Yochanan): This includes a Nefel whose limbs are not tied with sinews [therefore, one of his limbs is not Tamei].

(g)

R. Yosi: Was that elder a Chacham?! He did not ask with Chachmah! Once he asked the first question, he did not need to ask the second! (Presumably, if a Mes does not have a k'Zayis of flesh, its limbs are not tied with sinews);

1.

If he wanted to ask both, he should have asked the second [first], and then returned to ask the first. (Even if its limbs are not tied with sinews, presumably, it has a k'Zayis of flesh.)

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(h)

The Talmidim of R. Yosi ben Chalifta asked the first, and did not ask the second. It was obvious to them, if it does not have a k'Zayis of flesh, its limbs are not tied. (We explained this like PNEI MOSHE.)

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(i)

R. Mana (to R. Chizkiyah): Do you remember that R. Yakov bar Acha stood here and [asked] the two questions of the elder regarding [Mishnah 2:1 of] Ohalos?

1.

Why [did he ask them also here]? Is it not to teach that a Nazir shaves for [Tum'as Nefel]?!

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(j)

Support: Also, since R. Yochanan said 'you thought that [Tum'as] Nefel is not mid'Oraisa. Since [a Nefel] causes his mother to have Yemei Tahor (a Torah leniency), this teaches that [Tum'as] Nefel is mid'Oraisa!' (Also this shows that a Nazir shaves for Tum'as Nefel. We explained this like MEICHAL HA'MAYIM.)