1)

GAPS IN AN ARIS (Yerushalmi Kilayim Perek 6 Halachah 4 Daf 30b)

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(a)

(Mishnah): Piskei Aris ('gaps in an Aris') must be a little more than eight Amos. The only case of a vineyard in which the Chachamim said ('ve'od') 'a little more than' is here.

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(b)

The following are Piskei Aris - if an Aris was cut down in the middle and five vines remained on either side of it, if the gap is exactly eight Amos, he may not introduce another seed to plant under the gap. If it's a little more than eight Amos, it's given work access and the rest may be planted.

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(c)

If an Aris grows out of a wall along a corner (with 2 vines on one wall and 3 vines on the adjacent wall), it's given work access (of 6 Tefachim) and he may plant after that. (Note: This entry follows the explanation of the Rash. The Rambam explains the arrangement significantly differently.)

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(d)

(R. Yosi): If there aren't four Amos of distance, he may not introduce another seed there.

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(e)

If canes (of the trellis) protrude from the Aris, if he doesn't wish to cut them, he may plant under them. But if he made them in that way so that new branches will grew on them, it is prohibited.

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(f)

If a shoot of one of the grape vines of the Aris extends beyond the Aris's work access area, we view it as if a plumb line was hanging from it and below it may not planted (with other seeds). The same applies to a single raised up vine.

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(g)

If one draws a vine branch from one tree to another, another seed may not be brought underneath it.

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(h)

If he extended it with a rope or reed, under the extension is permitted. If he extended it in order that new branches grow there, it is prohibited.

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(i)

(Gemara) Question: Isn't this unlike R. Zeira who said (earlier in Perek 4 Halacha 6 - Menachos 62 (f)), concerning two row of vines less than 8 Amos apart) that it's 8 Amos aside from the area of the vine itself. (This seems to be another case where the measurement given was not exact...?)

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(j)

Answer: Don't you agree with R. Yochanan's teaching that whenever the Chachamim were giving a measurement and they said ('ve'od') 'and a little more', they meant specifically an extra Tefach, but in Tzivchar, the vine trunks are wider than a Tefach.

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(k)

Question (R. Yona): (Why did the Tanna say, "The only case of a vineyard in which the Chachamim said 'a little more than' is here"?) Why didn't he say "the only in which the Chachamim said..." (since we don't find 'a little more than' even outside of the laws of vineyards)?

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(l)

Answer: Since there's a Mishnah (in Maseches Menachos) that taught, "10 Yerushalmi Kav that are 6 tenths and Aduyan (the remainder i.e. 2/3rd of a tenth)".

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(m)

Rebuttal: That was only said about measuring in a utensil, but it was never said about measuring in a field.

(n)

Question (Mishnah in Maseches Terumos 4:7): R. Yosi ben Meshulam says that Terumah becomes annulled if a Seah mixes with 99 'Ve'od' (i.e and a Kav - 1/6th of a Seah) Seah of Chulin. (This is another example of using the term 've'od'...?)

(o)

Answer: That was only said about measuring in a utensil, but it was never said about measuring in a field.

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(p)

Question (Mishnah in Maseches Eiruvin 2:5): R. Yudah ben Bava said that it's permitted to move objects (on Shabbos) in a garden or Karpef that is no larger than 70 Amos and a fraction by 70 Amos and a fraction...?

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(q)

Rebuttal (Shmuel): The fraction refers to 2/3rd of an Amah (whereas the 've'od' of our case refers to a Tefach).