12th CYCLE DEDICATION
KESUVOS 111-112 - Dedicated in memory of Max (Meir Menachem ben Shlomo ha'Levi) Turkel, by his children Eddie and Lawrence and his wife Jean Turkel/Rafalowicz. Max was a warm and loving husband and father and is missed dearly by his family and friends. His Yahrzeit is 5 Teves.

1)

(a)Rebbi Zeira initially learns the three (identical) Pesukim in Shir ha'Shirim "Hishba'ti Eschem B'nos Yerushalayim ... Im Ta'iru v'Im Te'or'ru es ha'Ahavah" like Rebbi Yosi b'Rebbi Chanina. Which three oaths does Rebbi Yosi b'Rebbi Chanina extrapolate from these three Pesukim, according to Rebbi Zeira?

(b)Rav Yehudah disagrees. Which other prohibition does he learn from one of these Pesukim (as we learned earlier)?

(c)From where does Rav Yehudah then learn the double oath, one on Yisrael not to rebel, and the other, on the nations of the world not to exploit their authority over Yisrael?

(d)Rebbi Zeira concludes that in that case, there are really six oaths (two in each Pasuk), which he goes on to explain like Rebbi Levi. Which additional three oaths does Rebbi Levi extrapolate from these Pesukim?

1)

(a)Rebbi Zeira initially learns the three (identical) Pesukim in Shir ha'Shirim "Hishba'ti Eschem B'nos Yerushalayim ... Im Ta'iru v'Im Te'or'ru es ha'Ahavah" like Rebbi Yosi b'Rebbi Chanina. According to him - the three oaths that Rebbi Yosi b'Rebbi Chanina extrapolates from these three Pesukim are not to take Eretz Yisrael by force, not to rebel against the authority of the nations, and that the nations for their part should not exploit their authority over Yisrael.

(b)Rav Yehudah disagrees. From one of these Pesukim he learns that the Klei Shares must remain in Bavel (see Tosfos DH 'Bavelah').

(c)Rav Yehudah therefore learns the double oath, one on Yisrael not to rebel, and the other, on the nations of the world not to exploit their authority over Yisrael - from the double expression "Im Ta'iru v'Im Te'or'ru es ha'Ahavah" which appears in each of the three Pesukim.

(d)Rebbi Zeira concludes that in that case, there are really six oaths (two in each Pasuk), which he goes on to explain like Rebbi Levi, who extrapolates from these Pesukim the additional three oaths - not to reveal exactly when the Galus will terminate (referring to the Nevi'im who know, or, as is popularly explained, that one should not make attempts at trying to work out when the Galus will come to an end), not to reveal either the Sod ha'Ibur (the secret of the calendar, which was handed to Moshe at Har Sinai), or the secrets of Torah, to Nochrim

2)

(a)What sort of warning does Rebbi Extrapolate from the expression used in all three Pesukim "bi'Tzeva'os O b'Aylos ha'Sadeh"?

2)

(a)Rebbi Elazar extrapolates from the expression used in all three Pesukim "bi'Tzeva'os O b'Aylos ha'Sadeh" comes to warn - that if Yisrael are not careful to conform with these oaths, then Hash-m will leave their bodies open to abuse like the various kinds of deer that are hunted.

3)

(a)According to Rebbi Elazar, the Pasuk in Yeshayah "u'Bal Yomar Shachen Chaleisi, ha'Am ha'Yoshev Bah Nesu Avon" teaches us that living in Eretz Yisrael serves as an atonement for all one's previous sins. What did Ravina comment to Rav Ashi with regard to that? How did he qualify Rebbi Elazar's Derashah?

(b)What 'Gezeirah-Shavah' does Rav Anan learn from the Pasuk in Ha'azinu "v'Chiper Admaso Amo" and that in Yisro "Mizbach Adamah Ta'aseh Li"?

(c)When they informed Rebbi Elazar that Ula, who was a frequent visitor to Eretz Yisrael, had died in Chutz la'Aretz, he expressed surprise that Ula should have died in a Tamei land. What did he say when they told that his coffin had arrived in Eretz Yisrael?

(d)What did Rebbi Chanina say to that man who asked him whether he should travel to Bei Chuza'a in Bavel, in order to perform the Mitzvah of Yibum?

3)

(a)According to Rebbi Elazar, the Pasuk "u'Bal Yomar Shachen Chaleisi, ha'Am ha'Yoshev Bah Nesu Avon" teaches us that living in Eretz Yisrael serves as an atonement for all one's previous sins. Ravina commented to Rav Ashi - that according to his interpretation of the Pasuk, the Navi referred to those who suffered in Eretz Yisrael, not just to those who lived there.

(b)Rav Anan learns a 'Gezeirah-Shavah' from the Pasuk in Ha'azinu "v'Chiper Admaso Amo" and that in Yisro "Mizbach Adamah Ta'aseh Li" - that being buried in Eretz Yisrael serves as an atonement for one's sins, just like the Mizbe'ach atones.

(c)When they informed Rebbi Elazar that Ula, who was a frequent visitor to Eretz Yisrael, had died in Chutz la'Aretz, he expressed surprise that Ula should have died in a Tamei land. When they told him that his coffin had arrived in Eretz Yisrael - he said that being transported there after one's death is not quite the same thing as dying there.

(d)When that man asked Rebbi Chanina whether he should travel to Bei Chuza'a in Bavel, in order to perform the Mitzvah of Yibum - Rebbi Chanina replied that his brother had traveled to Chutz la'Aretz to marry a Nochris (refer to foot of previous Amud) and see what happened to him (blessed be the G-d who killed him)! Why did he want to follow in his brother's footsteps?

4)

(a)Rav Yehudah Amar Shmuel placed traveling from Bavel to another country in the same category as traveling from Eretz Yisrael to another country. Why did he say that?

(b)Did his statement include business trips?

(c)What did Rabah and Rav Yosef mean when they said 'Even from Pumbedisa to Bei Kuvi'?

(d)Rav Yosef placed someone in Cherem for moving from Pumbedisa to Bei Kuvi. What did Abaye say about a man who moved from Pumbedisa to Estonia and died?

4)

(a)Rav Yehudah Amar Shmuel placed traveling from Bavel to another country in the same category as traveling from Eretz Yisrael to another country - because of the great Yeshivos that existed in Bavel (stressing the importance of living in a place where more Torah is available).

(b)He was referring specifically to moving one's residence - not to business trips.

(c)When Rabah and Rav Yosef said 'Even from Pumbedisa to Bei Kuvi' - they presumably meant in spite of its proximity.

(d)Rav Yosef placed in Cherem someone who moved from Pumbedisa to Bei Kuvi. Abaye said - that the man who moved from Pumbedisa to Estonia and died could have lived longer (if only he had followed the ruling of Rabah and Rav Yosef).

5)

(a)Rabah and Rav Yosef both stated that Eretz Yisrael 'took in' the best of Bavel, and Bavel took in the best of its surrounding countries. They cannot have meant that the men of Bavel married the most Meyuchas families of Eretz Yisrael (thereby improving their own Yichus) and likewise the men of other countries married the most Meyuchas women of Bavel ... . Why not?

(b)Then what did they mean?

5)

(a)Rabah and Rav Yosef both stated that Eretz Yisrael 'took in' the best of Bavel, and Bavel took in the best of other surrounding countries. They cannot have meant to say that the men of Bavel married the most Meyuchas families of Eretz Yisrael (thereby improving their own Yichus) and likewise the men of other countries married the most Meyuchas women of Bavel ... - because we have learned in Kidushin that, when Ezra moved to Eretz Yisrael, he left Bavel more Meyuchas than Eretz Yisrael.

(b)What they must therefore have meant was - that when the cream of Bavel died, they were taken to Eretz Yisrael to be buried, and similarly, when the cream of the communities that surrounded Bavel died, they were buried in Bavel (so that the merit of the Torah that was studied there should stand them in good stead.

6)

(a)What does Rav Yehudah say about someone who lives in Bavel?

(b)Why will they call Hutzal of Binyamin (in Bavel) in the time of Mashi'ach 'the corner of refuge'?

(c)What does Rebbi Elazar initially learn from the Pasuk in Yechezkel "v'Nasati Tzvi b'Eretz Chayim"?

(d)According to Rebbi Aba bar Mamal, the Pasuk in Yeshayah "Yichyu Meisecha Nivlasi Yekumun" refers to the dead of Eretz Yisrael and the dead of Chutz la'Aretz respectively. How does Rebbi Elazar interpret "Nivlasi Yekumun"?

6)

(a)Rav Yehudah says - that someone lives in Bavel, it is as if he lived in Eretz Yisrael.

(b)In the time of Mashi'ach they will call Hutzal of Binyamin (in Bavel) 'the corner of refuge' - because whoever lives there will be spared from the pangs of Mashi'ach.

(c)Rebbi Elazar initially learns from the Pasuk in Yechezkel "v'Nasati Tzvi b'Eretz Chayim (Eretz Yisrael, but not elsewhere)" - that anyone who dies in Chutz la'Aretz will not arise at Techi'as ha'Meisim.

(d)According to Rebbi Aba bar Mamal, the Pasuk in Yeshayah "Yichyu Meisecha Nivlasi Yekumun" refers to the dead of Eretz Yisrael and the dead of Chutz la'Aretz respectively. Rebbi Elazar interprets "Nivlasi Yekumun" - to mean that even a Shifchah Kena'ani who dies in Eretz Yisrael, will merit Techi'as ha'Meisim.

7)

(a)How does Rebbi Aba bar Mamal explain the Pasuk "v'Nasati Tzvi b'Eretz Chayim"? To whom does "Tz'vi" apply?

(b)Rebbi Elazar concedes to this explanation, and precludes the dead of Chutz la'Aretz from Techi'as ha'Meisim from the Pasuk in Yeshayah "Nosen Neshamah la'Am Alehah ... ". Rebbi Aba bar Mamal uses the Pasuk for the 'Gezeirah-Shavah' of Rebbi Avahu (between this Pasuk and the Pasuk in Vayera "Shvu Lachem Poh Im ha'Chamor"). What does Rebbi Avahu learn from this 'Gezeirah-Shavah'?

(c)What does Rebbi Yirmeyahu bar Aba Amar Rebbi Yochanan extrapolate from the end of the previous Pasuk " ... v'Ru'ach la'Holchim Bah"?

(d)Does this mean that the Tzadikim in Chutz la'Aretz will not come to life at Techi'as ha'Meisim? What does Rebbi Ila'a say about this?

7)

(a)According to Rebbi Aba bar Mamal - the Pasuk "v'Nasati Tzvi b'Eretz Chayim" refers to Hash-m's handing over of Eretz Yisrael to Nevuchadnetzar, who moved as swiftly as a deer.

(b)Rebbi Elazar concedes to this explanation, and precludes the dead of Chutz la'Aretz from Techi'as ha'Meisim from the Pasuk in Yeshayah "Nosein Neshamah la'Am Alehah ... ". Rebbi Aba bar Mamal uses the Pasuk for the 'Gezeirah-Shavah' of Rebbi Avahu (between this Pasuk and the Pasuk in Vayera "Shvu Lachem Poh Im ha'Chamor" [the source for the Eved Kena'ani's title 'Am ha'Domeh la'Chamor']) - which teaches us that the "Am" in our Pasuk also refers to an Eved Kena'ani and a Shifchah Kena'anis, and that even they will come to life with their masters at that time.

(c)Rebbi Yirmeyahu bar Aba Amar Rebbi Yochanan extrapolates from the end of the previous Pasuk " ... v'Ru'ach la'Holchim Bah" - that anyone who walks four Amos in Eretz Yisrael will merit to come to life at Techi'as ha'Meisim.

(d)This does not mean that the Tzadikim in Chutz la'Aretz will not come to life at Techi'as ha'Meisim mean, but - that they will not come to life at Techi'as ha'Meisim directly, only by rolling through tunnels to Eretz Yisrael and coming alive there, before sprouting out from the ground, as Rebbi Ila'a explains.

8)

(a)On what grounds does Rebbi Aba Sala Raba refute Rebbi Ila'a's explanation?

(b)How does Abaye therefore amend the answer?

(c)That being so, why did Yakov, and subsequently Yosef, find it necessary to trouble their children to carry them on the long journey to Eretz Yisrael? Why did they not rely on ultimately traveling to Eretz Yisrael by walking along the tunnels?

(d)In their quest to induce Rabah to come and live in Eretz Yisrael, his brothers cited him the Sugya abut Yakov and Yosef. What story did Ilfa add to that?

(e)Which great Rebbi did they suggest he could learn from, should he move to Eretz Yisrael?

8)

(a)Rebbi Aba Sala Raba refutes Rebbi Ila'a's answer on the grounds that - rolling along tunnels is painful, and there seems to be no reason why Tzadikim need to suffer this pain.

(b)Abaye therefore explains - that the Tzadikim will walk along the tunnels until they reach Eretz Yisrael.

(c)The reason that Yakov, and subsequently Yosef, found it necessary to trouble their children to carry them on the long journey to Eretz Yisrael - because they were afraid that, despite their righteousness, they may not merit to walk through the tunnels, and will have to endure the painful procedure of rolling through the ground (see Agados Maharsha).

(d)In their quest to induce Rabah to come and live in Eretz Yisrael, his brothers cited him the Sugya abut Yakov and Yosef. Ilfa added to that the story about a man who fell in love with a woman in Chutz la'Aretz, and who did not go when he heard about that Sugya.

(e)Should Rabah move to Eretz Yisrael - they suggested, he could learn under Rebbi Yochanan.

9)

(a)In the meantime, Rabah's brothers gave him some medical advice. On what grounds did they advise him not to ...

1. ... sit excessively?

2. ... stand excessively?

3. ... walk excessively?

(b)What did they ...

1. ... therefore advise him to do?

2. ... mean when they said that standing is always better than sitting (considering that standing, as we just explained, is bad for the heart)?

(c)And what did they mean when they said that Yitzchak. Shimon and Oshaya said one thing: 'Halachah k'Rebbi Yehudah bi'P'reidos'!? What is the Din with regard to breeding a mule whose mother is an ass, (but whose father is a horse) with a donkey, according to ...

1. ... Rebbi Yehudah?

2. ... the Rabanan?

(d)By Yitzchak, they meant Rebbi Yitzchak Nafcha, by Shimon, Rebbi Shimon ben Pazi or Resh Lakish. Which Oshaya were they referring to?

9)

(a)In the meantime, Rabah's brothers gave him some medical advice. They advised him not to ...

1. ... sit excessively - because it causes piles.

2. ... stand excessively - because it causes heart problems.

3. ... walk excessively - because it is bad for the eyes.

(b)They ...

1. ... therefore advised him to - spend a third of the time doing each one.

2. ... meant, when they said that standing is always better than sitting (considering that standing, as we just explained, is bad for the heart) - that it is always better to stand whilst leaning than to sit reclining (on a bed or on a couch - which is per se, better than sitting on a chair).

(c)When they said that Yitzchak. Shimon and Oshaya said one thing: 'Halachah k'Rebbi Yehudah bi'P'reidos'! - they meant that, according to ...

1. ... Rebbi Yehudah - breeding a mule whose mother is an ass, (but whose father is a horse) with a donkey is forbidden, because he contends with the possibility that we take into account, the seed of the father (in determining what the offspring is).

2. ... the Rabanan - breeding a mule whose mother is an ass, (but whose father is a horse) with a donkey is permitted, because they do not take into account, the seed of the father.

(d)By Yitzchak, they meant Rebbi Yitzchak Nafcha, by Shimon, Rebbi Shimon ben Pazi or Resh Lakish. The Oshaya they were referring to - was Rebbi Oshaya b'Rivi (the co-author of the Beraisos together with Rebbi Chiya).

111b----------------------------------------111b

10)

(a)What does Rebbi Elazar learn from the Pasuk in Yeshayah "Meisim bal Yichyu, Refa'im bal Yichyu"? What does "Refa'im refer to ...

1. ... according to him?

2. ... according to Rebbi Yochanan?

(b)Rebbi Elazar conceded this point to Rebbi Yochanan. What did he then learn from another Pasuk in Yeshayah "Ki Tal Oros Talecha, v'Eretz Refa'im Tapil"?

10)

(a)Rebbi Elazar learned from the Pasuk "Meisim bal Yichyu, Refa'im bal Yichyu" - that those who are lax will not arise at Techi'as ha'Meisim. "Refa'im refers ...

1. ... according to him - to those who are lax in their Torah-studies.

2. ... according to Rebbi Yochanan - to those who are lax (in their Emunah) by involving themselves in idol-worship.

(b)Rebbi Elazar conceded this point to Rebbi Yochanan. What he then learned from another Pasuk in Yeshayah "Ki Tal Oros Talecha, v'Eretz Refa'im Tapil" is - that whoever uses the light of Torah, will be revived by the light of Torah at Techi'as ha'Meisim, but whoever does not, will not.

11)

(a)When Rebbi Elazar noticed how upset this made Rebbi Yochanan, he consoled him by first quoting the Pasuk in Va'eschanan "v'Atem ha'Dveikim b'Hashem Elokeichem Chayim Kulchem ha'Yom". Why can this Pasuk not be explained literally?

(b)How did he explain it? Which three things does it incorporate?

(c)And how did he then console Rebbi Yochanan, using the same idea?

11)

(a)When Rebbi Elazar noticed how upset this made Rebbi Yochanan, he consoled him by first quoting the Pasuk in Va'eschanan "v'Atem ha'Deveikim ba'Hashem Elokeichem Chayim Kulchem ha'Yom", which cannot be explained literally - because the Pasuk describes Hash-m as a consuming fire, and how can one possibly cleave to a consuming fire?

(b)Consequently, Rebbi Elazar explains this Pasuk to refer to those who 1. marry their daughters to Talmidei-Chachamim (providing them with a dowry that enables them to continue learning) 2. who enter into business with Talmidei-Chachamim, running the business-side of the partnership, whilst the Talmid-Chacham provides the finances (to enable the Talmid-Chacham to sit and learn Torah undisturbed and 3. who use their own money to benefit Talmidei-Chachamim in various ways. The Torah reckons them here as if they had cleaved to the Shechinah Itself.

(c)And these same three groups of people will arise at Techi'as ha'Meisim, he told Rebbi Yochanan, even though they themselves are not Talmidei-Chachamim.

12)

(a)What does Rebbi Chiya bar Aba learn from the Pasuk in Tehilim "Vayatzitzu me'Ir k'Esev"? Which city is the Pasuk referring to?

(b)What does the Tana of the Beraisa extrapolate from a wheat-kernel (in connection with Techi'as ha'Meisim)? What would be the connection between a wheat- kernel and Techi'as ha'Meisim anyway?

(c)What does Rav Chiya bar Yosef learn from the Pasuk in Tehilim "Yehi Pisas Bar ba'Aretz"?

(d)The Tana of the Beraisa (who does not seem to agree with Rav Chiya bar Yosef's Derashah, informs us that these wheat-stalks will grow on top of the mountains like date-palms. Does this mean that everyone will have to perform feats of mountaineering in order to collect their food?

12)

(a)Rebbi Chiya bar Aba learn from the Pasuk in Tehilim "Vayatzitzu me'Ir k'Eisev" - that Talmidei-Chachamim are going to sprout from the ground of Yerushalayim at Techi'as ha'Meisim, because we learn from a Pasuk in Melachim that "Ir" refers to Yerushalayim.

(b)The Tana of the Beraisa extrapolates from a wheat-kernel - that is buried uncovered yet it sprouts from the ground covered with a husk - that a Mes, who is buried clothed, should surely sprout from the earth at Techi'as ha'Meisim clothed (see Tosfos).The connection between a wheat- kernel and Techi'as ha'Meisim is - that a wheat-kernel, goes through similar stages of metamorphosis as a dead person: it too, dies before becoming reborn and sprouting from the ground.

(c)Rav Chiya bar Yosef learns from the Pasuk in Tehilim "Yehi Pisas Bar ba'Aretz" - that ready-baked bread the size of a human palm will appear already grown on the wheat-stalks, and so will fine-woolen clothes appear fully-grown on stalks or trees. Incidentally, this goes well with the opinion of Rebbi Yehudah, who holds (in Rosh Hashanah) that the tree from which Adam and Chavah ate in Gan Eden was a wheat-tree.

(d)The Tana of the Beraisa (who does not seem to agree with Rav Chiya bar Yosef's Derashah, informs us that wheat-stalks will grow on top of the mountains like date-palms. This does not mean that everyone will have to perform feats of mountaineering in order to pick their food - because we learn from another Pasuk that Hash-m will send a special wind that will blow the kernels from the stalk and extract the grain from the kernel, before depositing handfuls at a time in the fields below (see also Agados Maharsha).

13)

(a)What does the Tana go on to learn from the Pasuk in Ha'azinu "Im Chelev Kilyos Chitah"?

(b)This does not sound so surprising after we are told about the fox who bored a hole in a turnip to give birth to his brood inside it. How much did the remaining part of the turnip weigh?

(c)And what did ...

1. ... Rebbi Yosi testify about the man from Shichin, whose father left him three branches of mustard plant, when one of them broke off the main stem? How much did the mustard-seeds measure, and what did they manage to do with the wood of the branch?

2. ... Rebbi Shimon ben Chalafta (Rebbi Yosi's brother) testify about the stalk of cabbage which their father left them?

(d)The Torah writes in Vayechi "v'Dam Einav Tishteh Chamer". What do we learn from there concerning the difference between this world and the next regarding ...

1. ... the method by which one obtains wine?

2. ... the amount of wine that one grape contains? What do we Darshen from the word "Chamer"?

3. ... the wood of the stalk from which the one grape is picked? What will one be able to do with it?

13)

(a)The Tana goes on to learn from the Pasuk in Ha'azinu "Im Chelev Kilyos Chitah" - that each kernel will measure as much as the two kidneys of a large ox (though it is unclear how this will conform with the previous statement of the Tana". Perhaps this is not the same author).

(b)This does not sound so surprising after we are told about the fox who bored a hole in a turnip to give birth to her brood inside it. The remaining part of the turnip weighed - sixty liters (a weight of that time) according to the Tzipori scale.

(c)Rebbi ...

1. ... Yosi testified that, when one of the three branches of mustard-plant belonging to the man from Shichin that his father had left him, broke off the main stem - they measured the mustard-seed from that branch and found that it measured nine Kabin. As for the wood from the single branch, there was enough to cover a potter's hut.

2. ... Rebbi Shimon ben Chalafta (Rebbi Yosi's brother) testified - that they used to place a ladder against the stalk of cabbage which their father left them, in order to climb to the top.

(d)The Torah writes in Vayechi "v'Dam Einav Tishteh Chamer". We learn from there that, in the World to Come ...

1. ... we will transport one grape by ship or by cart to our homes, place it in a corner, and extract wine without effort, into an earthenware jar.

2. ... each grape will provide thirty Sa'ah (seven hundred and twenty Lugin), because "Chamer" can also be read "Chomer", the equivalent of a Kur (which is thirty Sa'ah).

3. ... the wood of the stalk from which the one grape is picked - will provide sufficient fuel to cook a dish.

14)

(a)What did Ravin learn from the Pasuk in Vayechi ...

1. ... "Osri la'Gefen Iyro"?

2. ... "v'la'Soreikah Bni, Asono"?

(b)Elaborating on "Osri la'Gefen Iyro", what do we learn from ...

1. ... "Ki'bes ba'Yayin Levusho"?

2. ... "v'Dam Einav Tishteh Chamer"?

(c)And what do we learn from ...

1. ... "Susoh"?

2. ... "Chachlili Einayim mi'Yayin"?

3. ... "u'L'ven Shinayim mei'Chalav"?

(d)How does Rav Dimi explain "Chachlili Einayim mi'Yayin, u'L'ven Shinayim mei'Chalav"? Based on "u'L'ven Shinayim me'Chalav", how did Rebbi Yochanan put it?

14)

(a)Ravin learned from the Pasuk in Vayechi ...

1. ... "Osri la'Gefen Iyro" - that there is not a vine in Eretz Yisrael that will not require an ass (no less) to transport its produce.

2. ... "v'la'Soreikah B'ni, Asono" - that there will not be a non-bearing-fruit tree that will not require at least two asses to carry its crop of fruit.

(b)Elaborating on "Osri la'Gefen Iyro", we learn from ...

1. ... "Ki'bes ba'Yayin Levusho" - that the grapes will be full of wine.

2. ... "v'Dam Einav Tishteh Chamer" - that the wine will be red.

(c)And from ...

1. ... "Susoh" - that the wine will be potent.

2. ... "Chachlili Einayim mi'Yayin" - that it will be tasty (so much so, that everybody will shout out 'Li, Li'!).

3. ... "u'L'ven Shinayim me'Chalav" - that it will be popular with old men too (as if the Torah had written "u'l'Ben Shanim me'Chalav", that even the old men will prefer it to milk).

(d)Rav Dimi explains "Chachlili Einayim mi'Yayin, u'Leven Shinayim mei'Chalav" - to refer to Klal Yisrael, who say to Hash-m "Hint to me with Your eyes" ("Chucha Li - Agados Maharsha) because that is sweeter than wine, and show me Your teeth (smile at me), because that is sweeter than milk". Rebbi Yochanan puts it succinctly: Flashing a smile at someone, he explains ('Libun Shinayim' - showing him one's teeth) is more valuable than giving him a drink of milk.

15)

(a)Why did Rav Chiya bar Ada come three days late? Why did this cause Resh Lakish to become concerned?

(b)How many clusters of grapes did he manage to pick on each of those days? Did all the clusters produce the same amount of wine?

(c)He actually left more than half of the harvest on the vine. What did he do with it?

(d)What did Resh Lakish comment on Rav Chiya bar Ada's explanation?

15)

(a)Rav Chiya bar Ada came three days late - because he was picking the clusters of grapes from the vineyard which his father had left him. This caused Resh Lakish to become concerned - because he (Rav Chiya bar Ada) was the Rebbi of his children.

(b)On each of those days - he picked three hundred clusters, on the first day however, the wine from each cluster filled one barrel, on the second day, it took two clusters to fill a barrel, and on the third day, three.

(c)He actually left more than half of the harvest on the vine - which he declared Hefker.

(d)Resh Lakish commented - that, had he not come late, he would have had a better yield still, since then the clusters would not have diminished each day (see Agados Maharsha).

16)

(a)What did Rami bar Yechezkel see when he went to Bnei B'rak, that caused him to refer to " ... Zavas Chalav u'D'vash"?

(b)Rebbi Yakov ben Dusta'i used to walk from Lud to Ono. What happened once when he made the walk early in the morning? How far is it from Lud to Ono?

(c)What was the area of "Zavas Chalav u'Devash" of ...

1. ... Tzipori, according to the testimony of Resh Lakish?

2. ... the whole of Eretz Yisrael, according to the testimony of Rabah bar bar Chanah?

16)

(a)When Rami bar Yechezkel went to Bnei Brak - he saw a river of honey that flowed from date-palms that had mixed with milk which flowed from goats, which he referred to as " ... Zavas Chalav u'Devash".

(b)Rebbi Yakov ben Dusta'i used to walk from Lud to Ono (a journey of three Mil). He once made the walk early in the morning - and he had to wade up to his ankles through a river of fig-honey.

(c)The area of "Zavas Chalav u'D'vash" of ...

1. ... Tzipori, according to the testimony of Resh Lakish - was sixteen square Mil.

2. ... the whole of Eretz Yisrael, according to the testimony of Rabah bar bar Chanah - was twenty-two by six Parsah (the equivalent of eighty-eight by twenty-four Mil.

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