1)

(a)Rav sent Rebbi a letter which included the She'eilah what the Din will be if the brothers mortgaged their property for their sisters Mezonos or Parnasah. What did Rebbi reply when Rebbi Chiya asked him whether Rav was referring to property that they sold or that they designated as collateral?

(b)Why did Rav ask Stam, why did he not specify that his She'eilah was in a case when they ...

1. ... sold it?

2. ... designated it as collateral?

(c)Rebbi Yochanan ruled that the daughters may claim neither Mezonos nor Parnasah from Meshubadim. How do we query his ruling?

1)

(a)Rav sent Rebbi a letter into which he inserted the She'eilah what the Din will be if the brothers mortgaged their property for their sisters Mezonos or Parnasah. When Rebbi Chiya asked Rebbi whether Rav was referring to the property that they sold or that they designated as collateral - he replied that there was no difference between them, and that, either way, they could claim for Parnasah but not for Mezonos (as we just learned earlier).

(b)Rav deliberately declined to specify that his She'eilah was in a case when they ...

1. ... sold it - because then, if Rebbi were to reply in the negative, he would not know what the Din would be in a case when they designated it as collateral (where perhaps they could claim).

2. ... designated it as collateral - because then, were he to reply in the affirmative, he would not know what the Din would be in a case where they sold it (where perhaps they would not be permitted to claim).

(c)Rebbi Yochanan ruled that the daughters may claim neither Mezonos nor Parnasah from Meshubadim. We ask - whether Rebbi Yochanan was not aware of Rebbi's opinion in this matter, and if he would have been, he would have retracted, or whether he knew that Rebbi disagreed with him regarding Parnasah, and he abided by his opinion in spite of it.

2)

(a)Rebbi Yochanan says in Gitin that, if a daughter (who had a brother and an unmarried sister) married and received Isur Nechasim after her father's death, and then her brother died, her sister shares the remainder of the property with her and foregoes Isur Nechasim. What does Rebbi Chanina say?

(b)How do we attempt to resolve our Kashya on Rebbi Yochanan from there?

(c)We go on to reject this proof however. Assuming that Rebbi Yochanan did indeed retract and accept Rebbi's ruling when he heard it, how do we reconcile that with his ruling there?

(d)Rav Yeimar asks whether, by the same token, whenever one of the daughters finds a precious object, she is willing to forego Isur Nechasim? How do we refute his suggestion?

2)

(a)Rebbi Yochanan says in Gitin that, if a daughter (who had a brother and an unmarried sister) married and received Isur Nechasim after her father's death, and then her brother died, her sister shares the remainder of the property with her and foregoes Isur Nechasim. According to Rebbi Chanina - in view of the fact that Chazal said that the daughters can even take from Meshubadim (like Rebbi said earlier), how can Rebbi Yochanan say that the daughter is willing to forego property that is available?

(b)We attempt to resolve our Kashya on Rebbi Yochanan from there - because if Rebbi Yochanan had not been aware of Rebbi's opinion, he should have retorted 'Who said that?'

(c)We go on to reject this proof however. Assuming that Rebbi Yochanan did indeed retract and accept Rebbi's ruling when he heard it, we reconcile that with his ruling there - on the grounds that, since the second daughter suddenly inherits half her father's property, she is willing to forego whatever extra she might obtain in the form of the Isur Nechasim.

(d)We refute Rav Yeimar's suggestion that, by the same token, whenever one of the daughters finds a precious object, she is willing to forego Isur Nechasim - on the grounds that what she finds has nothing to do with Isur Nechasim, whereas in the case in Gitin, the Isur Nechasim is an intrinsic part of the very property that she is inheriting.

3)

(a)According to Ameimar, a daughter has the Din of an heir. What ramifications does this statement have?

(b)What does Rav Ashi say?

(c)What story did Minyumi brei d'Rav Nechumi relate about Ameimar from which it is evident that he retracted to hold like Rav Ashi?

3)

(a)According to Ameimar, a daughter has the Din of an heir - which means that the brothers neither have the right to give her money nor to restrict her to one particular field (i.e. she is entitled to claim a part of her claim from each field on her father's estate).

(b)According to Rav Ashi - she has the Din of a creditor (whom one is permitted to pay with money, and to designate one particular field).

(c)Minyumi brei d'Rav Nechumi related - that when a woman once came before Ameimar to claim Isur Nechasim, the brothers were overheard saying that if they had money, they would give her money, and it was evident from Ameimar's reaction, that he would have permitted them to do so (a clear indication that he had retracted and now held like Rav Ashi).

4)

(a)We ask whose creditor she is, her father's or her brothers'. What difference does it make whether she is the creditor of the one or of the other?

(b)We resolve this She'eilah from Ravina, who claimed Beinonis without a Shevu'ah from Mar brei d'Rav Ashi for Parnasah for his sister, after Rav Ashi's death, a proof that he considers the woman her brothers' creditor. Why did he make her take Ziburis with a Shevu'ah from the son of Rav Sama, Mar's brother?

(c)On what grounds did Rav Nechemyah brei d'Rav Yosef instruct Rabah bar Rav Huna to claim Isur Nechasim even from the base of the mill?

(d)Rav Kahana used to claim Isur Nechasim even from Amla d'Beisa. What is 'Amla d'Beisa'?

4)

(a)We ask whose creditor she is, her father's - in which case she will be entitled to receive only Ziburis (inferior quality fields) with a Shevu'ah, or her brothers' - in which case she will be entitled to Beinonis without a Shevu'ah (like a regular creditor who claims from his debtors).

(b)We resolve this She'eilah from Ravina, who claimed Beinonis without a Shevu'ah from Mar brei d'Rav Ashi for Parnasah for his sister, after Rav Ashi's death, a proof that he considers a woman her brothers' creditor. He made her take Ziburis with a Shevu'ah from the son of Rav Sama, Mar's brother, because Rav Sama had died during his father's lifetime, in which case, his son was in fact, the son of her creditor, from whom she could only claim Ziburis with a Shevu'ah.

(c)Rav Nechemyah brei d'Rav Yosef instructed Rabah bar Rav Huna to claim Isur Nechasim even from the base of the mill - on the grounds that it is considered Karka.

(d)Rav Kahana used to claim Isur Nechasim even from 'Amla d'Beisa' - the rent owing for houses (see Tosfos).

5)

(a)Why was Rav Huna angry with Rav Anan when he sent him a message urging him to claim Isur Nechasim?

(b)Rav Huna sent Rav Sheshes back to him with two She'eilos, referring to him as 'Anan Anan'. Why did Rav Sheshes feel compelled to appease Rav Anan?

(c)Then why did he not simply decline to go?

5)

(a)Rav Huna was angry with Rav Anan when he sent him a message urging him to claim Isur Nechasim - because he called him 'Huna Chavrin'.

(b)Rav Huna sent Rav Sheshes to him with two She'eilos. Rav Sheshes felt compelled to appease him - because Rav Huna referred to him as 'Anan Anan' (without any title).

(c)Nor was he able to decline, to go, because Rav Huna had issued a Shamta (a Cherem) on him if he failed to do so.

6)

(a)The first She'eilah was whether one claims Isur Nechasim from Karka or Metaltelin; the second, 'Ma'an Yasiv bei Mirzach b'Reisha' (which we will explain shortly). Which two complaints did Rav Anan lodge with Mar Ukva about Rav Huna?

(b)What was Mar Ukva's initial reaction to Rav Anan's complaints?

(c)What did he tell Rav Anan after the latter had related to him how he had addressed Rav Huna?

6)

(a)The first She'eilah was whether one claims Isur Nechasim from Karka or Metaltelin; the second, 'Ma'an Yasiv bei Mirzach b'Reisha' (which we will explain shortly). Rav Anan complained to Mar Ukva - a. That Rav Huna had referred to him disrespectfully as 'Anan Anan'; b. that he did now know what bei Mirzach meant.

(b)Mar Ukva's initial reaction to Rav Anan's complaints was - to ask him exactly what happened.

(c)After Rav Anan had related to Rav Sheshes how he had addressed Rav Huna - Mar Ukva replied that someone who did not even know the meaning of bei Mirzach should not refer to Rav Huna as 'Huna Chavrin'.

69b----------------------------------------69b

7)

(a)What does 'bei Mirzach' mean?

(b)Who sits at the head in a 'bei Mirzach'?

(c)How does ...

1. ... Rebbi Avahu learn this from the Pasuk in Iyov "Evchar Darkam ... Ka'asher Avelim Yenachem" (particularly bearing in mind that the Pasuk writes "Yenachem" - implying the comforters)?

2. ... Mar Zutra learns it from the Pasuk in Amos "v'Sar Mirzach Seruchim"?

(d)How does Rava rule with regard to Mezonos, Kesubah and Parnasah? Can these be claimed from Metaltelin?

7)

(a)'bei Mirzach' means - the house of an Avel ...

(b)... in which - it is the Avel who sits at the head.

(c)

1. ... Rebbi Avahu learns this from the Pasuk "Evchar Darkam ... Ka'asher Avelim Yenachem" (despite the fact that the Pasuk writes "Yenachem" - implying that it is the comforters who sit at the head) - because, if the word was meant to be read "Yenachem", then the Pasuk should have placed an 'Alef' after the 'Nun'. Now that there is no 'Alef', it is considered as if it had written "Yinachem" (the one who is being comforted - the Avel).

2. ... Mar Zutra learns it from the Pasuk "v'Sar Mirzach Seruchim" - which he explains 'Mar v'Zach' (the acronym of "Mirzach" - meaning 'the one who is bitter and removed') Na'aseh Sar li'Seruchim' ('became the head of the great ones [even those who are greater than him] who came to visit him'.

(d)Rava rules that Mezonos, Kesubah and Parnasah - can be claimed from Karka but not from Metaltelin.

8)

(a)Rebbi Meir in our Mishnah rules that if a man appoints a trustee to purchase a field for his daughter or her trousseau when she gets married, and the daughter maintains that she trusts her husband and that the money should be transferred to him, the trustee should nevertheless follow his instructions. What does Rebbi Yosi say?

(b)In a Beraisa, Rebbi Meir repeats what he said in the Mishnah, but with regard to an Arusah. What does he say about a Nesu'ah?

(c)Rebbi Yosi differentiates between a Gedolah and a Ketanah. What does he say?

8)

(a)Rebbi Meir in our Mishnah rules that if a man appoints a trustee to purchase a field for his daughter or her trousseau when she gets married, and the daughter maintains that she trusts her husband and that the money should be transferred to him, the trustee should nevertheless follow his instructions. Bearing in mind that, if the trustee had already bought the field and she were to sell it, the sale would be valid - Rebbi Yosi rules that one should listen to her and transfer the money to her husband.

(b)In a Beraisa, Rebbi Meir repeats what he said in the Mishnah, but with regard to an Arusah. A Nesu'ah, he maintains - has the right to rescind her father's appointment.

(c)Rebbi Yosi differentiates between a Gedolah and a Ketanah - the former, he says, has the right to rescind her father's appointment, even if she is only an Arusah, whereas the latter does not, even if she is a Nesu'ah.

9)

(a)We suggest that Rebbi Meir and Rebbi Yosi are arguing over a Ketanah min ha'Nisu'in. What will each one then hold?

(b)What is the problem with that from the Seifa of our Mishnah 'Bameh Devarim Amurim, bi'Gedolah, Aval bi'Ketanah, Ein Ma'aseh Ketanah Klum'. Why can the author not be Rebbi Yosi?

(c)What must we add to the Mishnah, to establish the Seifa like Rebbi Meir?

(d)What have we now proved?

(e)Over which case then, are they arguing?

9)

(a)We suggest that Rebbi Meir and Rebbi Yosi are arguing over a Ketanah min ha'Nisu'in - whom Rebbi Meir authorizes to rescind her father's appointment, but Rebbi Yosi does not.

(b)The problem with that from the Seifa of our Mishnah 'Bameh Devarim Amurim, bi'Gedolah, Aval bi'Ketanah, Ein Ma'aseh Ketanah Klum', is - that the author cannot be Rebbi Yosi - because that is already evident from the Reisha, where he permits her to rescind her father's instructions only because she could sell the field, precluding a Ketanah, whose sale is invalid.

(c)In order to establish the Seifa like Rebbi Meir, we need to add 'Bameh Devarim Amurim, min ha'Erusin, Aval min ha'Nisu'in, ha'Reshus b'Yadah' (before the Seifa 'Aval bi'Ketanah, Ein Ma'aseh Ketanah Klum').

(d)We have now proved - that Rebbi Meir concedes to Rebbi Yosi, that a Ketanah min ha'Nisu'in may rescind her father's instructions ...

(e)... and it must by a Gedolah min ha'Erusin that he argues with Rebbi Yosi.

10)

(a)Rav Yehudah Amar Shmuel rules like Rebbi Yosi. What does Rava Amar Rav Nachman say?

10)

(a)Rav Yehudah Amar Shmuel rules like Rebbi Yosi - Rava Amar Rav Nachman, like Rebbi Meir.

11)

(a)Why did Ilfa suspend himself from the mast of a ship?

(b)What did he threaten to do?

(c)What do Beis Din do if a dying man leaves instructions to give his sons ...

1. ... a Shekel (half a Sela) per week, and they really need a Sela?

2. ... only a Shekel per week, and they really need a Sela?

3. ... a Shekel a week, adding that, in the event of their death, so-and-so are to inherit whatever is left?

(d)How did Ilfa connect this Beraisa with our Mishnah?

11)

(a)Ilfa suspended himself from the mast of a ship because, after poverty forced him to leave Yeshiva and go into business, Rebbi Yochanan remained and became Rosh Yeshiva. He did what he did, in order to prove that he was equally capable of the appointment.

(b)He threatened to cast himself into the sea, if anyone could quote him a Beraisa whose source he could not find in a Mishnah.

(c)If a dying man leaves instructions to give his sons ...

1. ... a Shekel (half a Sela) per week, and they really need a Sela - Beis Din arrange for them to receive a Sela, because that is what their father would have wanted them to receive, had he known that the cost of living would rise.

2. ... only a Shekel per week, and they really need a Sela - they will only receive a Shekel, because that is what their father said.

3. ... a Shekel a week, adding that, in the event of their death so-and-so should inherit whatever is left - they will receive only a Shekel, in order not to deprive those who were named to inherit from them when they died.

(d)Ilfa connected this Beraisa to Rebbi Meir in our Mishnah, who rules that the trustee should follow the father's instructions - because he ascribes both rulings to the principle 'Mitzvah Lekayem Divrei ha'Mes'.

12)

(a)In the case where the father leaves instructions to give his sons only a Shekel a week, how are their needs supplemented, according to the Tana of the Beraisa?

(b)How do we reconcile this with what we learned earlier (in 'Na'arah she'Nispatsah'), that if a man leaves instructions to pass on all his estate to his sons and to bury him from Tzedakah funds, we ignore his instructions?

12)

(a)In the case where the father leaves instructions to give his sons only a Shekel a week, their needs are supplemented from Tzedakah funds, according to the Tana of the Beraisa.

(b)To reconcile this with what we learned earlier (in 'Na'arah she'Nispatsah'), that if a man leaves instructions to pass on all his estate to his sons and to bury him from Tzedakah funds, we ignore his instructions - by drawing a distinction between that ruling (which is based on the principle that a person does not the right to force the community to sustain him by enriching his sons), and our case, where the conditions that he placed on the inheritance must be met, because it is on those conditions that it belongs to the heirs.

13)

(a)Rav Chisda Amar Mar Ukva rules not like the current Beraisa. What does he say?

(b)How does he reconcile his ruling with the traditional ruling 'Mitzvah Lekayem Divrei ha'Mes' (like Rebbi Meir)?

13)

(a)Rav Chisda Amar Mar Ukva rules not like this Beraisa. In his opinion - even if the father left instructions for his sons to receive only a Shekel weekly, Beis Din will arrange for them to receive a Sela, if that is what they need.

(b)This does not contradict the traditional ruling 'Mitzvah Lekayem Divrei ha'Mes' (like Rebbi Meir) - because, he says, Rebbi Meir himself will agree that, in this case, even their father would really have wanted what is best for his children, and that he only specified a Shekel per week, in order to teach them to live modestly.

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