1)

(a)How long in fact, must the husband of a woman who claims that she detests him, wait before divorcing her?

(b)What is he waiting for?

(c)What about Mezonos during that period?

1)

(a)The husband of a woman who claims that she detests him - must in fact, wait for a year before divorcing her ...

(b)... in the hope that she will retract.

(c)She does not receive Mezonos during that period.

2)

(a)Rav Tuvi bar Kisna quotes Shmuel who says that one writes a letter of Mered against an Arusah but not against a Shomeres Yavam. We query this however, from a Beraisa. What does the Tana say about writing an Igeres Mered on ...

1. ... an Arusah or a Nesu'ah?

2. ... the latter if she is a Nidah?

3. ... a Yevamah?

(b)Initially, we answer that the Beraisa is talking when the woman is the Moredes and the man is claiming, whereas Rav Tuvi bar Kisna Amar Shmuel is talking when it is the man who is Mored and the woman who is claiming. If the man is Mored, how will Shmuel explain the Lashon 'Kosvin Igeres Mered al Arusah'?

(c)What is the difference between the a woman who rebels and a man? Why should one not write an Igeres Mered against a man who is Mored?

(d)On what grounds do we reject this answer? Why is it difficult to establish Shmuel ...

1. ... where the man is a Mored?

2. ... where the man is a Mored, even if she claims that she wants children to support her in her old age?

2)

(a)Rav Tuvi bar Kisna quotes Shmuel who says that one writes a letter of Mered against an Arusah but not against a Shomeres Yavam. We query this however, from a Beraisa, which rules that one writes an Igeres Mered on ...

1. ... an Arusah or a Nesu'ah, even if ...

2. ... the latter if she is a Nidah, and on ...

3. ... a Yevamah.

(b)Initially, we answer that the Beraisa is talking when the woman is the Moredes and the man is claiming, whereas Rav Tuvi bar Kisna Amar Shmuel is talking when it is the man who is Mored and the woman who claims. If the man is Mored - Shmuel will amend the Lashon 'Kosvin Igeres Mered al Arusah' to 'Kosvin Igeres Mered la'Arusah'.

(c)The difference between a woman who rebels and a man is - that whereas the man is obligated to have children, the woman is not (so it should not be necessary to write an Igeres Mered when the man rebels).

(d)We reject this answer however, on the grounds that - if Shmuel is speaking where ...

1. ... the man is a Mored, why do we write an Igeres Mered for an Arusah?

2. ... the woman claims that she wants children to support her in her old age, then why should we not say the same by a Shomeres Yavam?

3)

(a)So we try to establish both the Beraisa and Shmuel when the woman is the Moredes, and the man is claiming, only 'Kan la'Chelotz, Kan l'Yabem' - meaning that if he wants to perform Chalitzah, and she insists on performing Yibum What does this mean? How will it reconcile Shmuel with the Beraisa?

(b)This answer is based on a statement made by Rebbi Pedas Amar Rebbi Yochanan. What did Rebbi Pedas Amar Rebbi Yochanan say?

(c)On what grounds do we reject this answer, too? Why is the distinction between Chalitzah and Yibum not acceptable?

(d)We finally establish both the Beraisa and Shmuel when she refuses to do Yibum, the former like the Mishnah Rishonah, the latter like the Mishnah Acharonah. What do the Mishnah Rishonah and the Mishnah Acharonah say?

(e)How does this resolve the discrepancy?

3)

(a)So we try to establish both the Beraisa and Shmuel when the woman is the Moredes, and the man is claiming, only 'Kan la'Chelotz, Kan l'Yabem' - meaning that the Beraisa is speaking in a case where the man wants to perform Chalitzah and the woman refuses, whereas Shmuel is speaking in the reverse case.

(b)This answer is based on a statement made by Rebbi Pedas Amar Rebbi Yochanan, who rules - that if he wants to perform Chalitzah, and she refuses, we accept his claim and write an Igeres Mered against his wife; whereas in the reverse case, we don't.

(c)We reject this answer, too, on the grounds that the distinction between Chalitzah and Yibum is not acceptable - because, if we tell him to marry someone else when she refuses to make Yibum, why should we not tell him the same when she refuses to make Chalitzah? And even if we answer that, in the latter case, he can claim that he will have difficulty in finding a wife because the Yevamah is tied to him, why should the same not apply in the former case too? In brief, why should we not write an Igeres Mered when she refuses to make Yibum, too?

(d)We finally establish both the Beraisa and Shmuel when she refuses to do Yibum, the former like the Mishnah Rishonah - which gives precedence to Yibum; the latter like the Mishnah Acharonah - which gives precedence to Chalitzah.

(e)This resolves the discrepancy - in that, according to the Mishnah Rishonah, since he wants to perform the Mitzvah of Yibum, should she refuse, we write an Igeres Mered; whereas according to the Mishnah Acharonah, where Yibum is not considered a Mitzvah, we do not.

4)

(a)According to Rebbi Yehudah in our Mishnah, we deduct seven Tarpe'ikin weekly from the Kesuvah of a Moredes. A Tarpe'ik is half a Zuz Tzuri. What is that the equivalent of?

(b)According to Rebbi Yehudah, how much will one then ...

1. ... add per day when the man is a Mored?

2. ... deduct per day when the woman is a Moredes?

(c)Why do we include Shabbos when deducting from the Kesuvah of a Moredes, but not when adding to that of a Mored?

4)

(a)According to Rebbi Yehudah, we deduct seven Tarpe'ikin weekly from the Kesuvah of a Moredes. A Tarpe'ik is half a Zuz Tzuri - the equivalent of three Ma'os (since a Zuz Tzuri equals six Ma'ah).

(b)According to Rebbi Yehudah, one will then ...

1. ... add - half a Tarpe'ik per day (excluding Shabbos) when the man is a Mored.

2. ... deduct - one Tarpe'ik per day (including Shabbos) when the woman is a Moredes.

(c)We include Shabbos when deducting from the Kesuvah of a Moredes, but not when adding to that of a Mored - because when one adds, it looks like Sechar Shabbos (which is forbidden), whereas when one deducts, it does not.

64b----------------------------------------64b

5)

(a)When Rav Chiya bar Yosef asked Shmuel why a Mored loses only half as much as a Moredes (notwithstanding the half Tarpe'ik for Shabbos), Shmuel referred him to a market of prostitutes. What did he mean by that?

(b)What is the alternative answer?

5)

(a)When Rav Chiya bar Yosef asked Shmuel why a Mored loses only half as much as a Moredes (notwithstanding the half Tarpe'ik for Shabbos), Shmuel referred him to a market of prostitutes - where it is the man who generally hires the woman, from which we see that the man's sexual needs are stronger (in which case a husband suffers more when his wife is a Moredes than vice-versa).

(b)Alternatively - because his embarrassment when he needs his wife (which is visible externally), is greater than hers.

6)

(a)In the opinion of the Tana Kama of our Mishnah, a man who feeds his wife through a third person, must arrange for her to receive either wheat or barley. The minimum amount of wheat per week is two Kabin (the equivalent of twenty-four egg-volumes). What is the minimum amount of barley?

(b)According to Rebbi Yosi, it is only Rebbi Yishmael who would feed his wife barley (but nobody else should). Why is that?

(c)He arranges for her to receive the same amount of legumes as of oil. How much is that?

(d)What ...

1. ... alternative does he have to providing her a Kav of dried figs?

2. ... does he do if he does not possess figs?

6)

(a)In the opinion of the Tana Kama of our Mishnah, a man who feeds his wife through a third person, must arrange for her to receive either wheat or barley. The minimum amount of wheat per week is two Kabin (the equivalent of twenty-four egg-volumes) - the minimum amount of barley is four Kabin.

(b)According to Rebbi Yosi, it is only Rebbi Yishmael who would feed his wife barley (but nobody else should) - because he lived near the border with Edom, where barley was cheap (see end of Daf).

(c)He arranges for her to have - half a Kav of legumes and half a Kav of oil.

(d)As an ...

1. ... alternative to a Kav of dried figs - he can provide her with a cake of figs worth a Manah.

2. ... alternative to figs, he provides her with other fruit.

7)

(a)He provides her with a bed. Which two accessories go with the bed?

(b)How much must he spend on clothes annually? When does he buy them for her?

(c)Which three accessories does he buy for her to wear over and above her regular clothes? What does 'mi'Mo'ed l'Mo'ed' mean?

(d)Who keeps her worn-out clothes?

7)

(a)He provides her with a bed - a mat and a blanket.

(b)He must purchase her annually - fifty Zuz worth of clothes, which he buys in the winter, so that she wears the worn clothes in the summer.

(c)The three accessories that he buys her over and above her regular clothes - are a shawl, a belt and shoes. The obligation to buy her new shoes applies on each Yom Tov.

(d)She retains her worn-out clothes.

8)

(a)What is the purpose of the Ma'ah Kesef that he provides her with each week?

(b)How often is he obligated to ensure that his wife eats with him?

(c)How does he compensate her should he fail to provide her with the Ma'ah Kesef?

8)

(a)The purpose of the Ma'ah Kesef that he provides her with each week is - for extras for Shabbos.

(b)He is obligated to ensure that his wife eats with him - every Friday-night (because it is Leil Onah).

(c)In the event that he fails to provide her with the Ma'ah Kesef - he must compensate her by not claiming the Mosar Ma'aseh Yadehah.

9)

(a)The Mishnah obligates the woman for her part, to spin for her husband the weight of five Sela'im of Shesi (threads for the warp) in Yehudah. What would be the equivalent weight in the Galil?

(b)How much would she have to produce if she chose to spin threads for the Erev (the weft - which are much thinner)?

(c)Which two advantages does a woman who is feeding enjoy?

(d)Do the above amounts specified by the Tana apply to all women?

9)

(a)The Mishnah obligates the woman for her part, to spin for her husband the weight of five Sela'im of Shesi (threads for the warp) in Yehudah. The equivalent weight in the Galil - would be ten Sela'im.

(b)If she chose to spin threads for the Erev (the weft - which are much thinner) - she would have to spin double, ten Sela'im in Yehudah (or twenty Sela'im in the Galil).

(c)The two advantages that a woman who is feeding enjoys are - she needs to produce less and that she receives more Mezonos.

(d)The above amounts specified by the Tana - apply to women from poor backgrounds. The wealthier the woman, the more her husband is obligated to provide her.

10)

(a)In the Mishnah in Eruvin which discusses the Shi'ur of Eruv Techumin, Rebbi Meir requires two weekday meals for each person in the family. What does Rebbi Yehudah say?

(b)'Rebbi Yochanan ben Berokah Omer, mi'Kikar b'Pundiyon me'Arba Sa'in b'Sela'. There are forty-eight Pundiyonin in a Sela, and twenty-four Kabin in four Sa'ah. Considering that each half-Kav provides for two meals, how many meals would one obtain from the two Kabin of wheat in our Mishnah? How many meals would that leave the woman short?

(c)According to Rebbi Shimon, a Kav of bread provides nine meals. According to the Tana in our Mishnah, how many meals too many would that give the woman per week?

10)

(a)In the Mishnah in Eruvin which discusses the Shi'ur of Eruv Techumin, Rebbi Meir requires two weekday meals for each person in the family. Rebbi Yehudah - requires four Shabbos meals.

(b)'Rebbi Yochanan ben Berokah Omer, mi'Kikar b'Pundiyon m'Arba Sa'in b'Sela'. There are forty-eight Pundiyonin in a Sela, and twenty-four Kabin in four Sa'ah. Considering that each half-Kav provides for two meals - from the two Kabin of wheat in our Mishnah one would obtain eight meals, leaving the woman eight meals short.

(c)According to Rebbi Shimon, a Kav of bread provides nine meals - leaving the woman with eighteen meals, instead of the required fourteen.

11)

(a)What does 'Chetzyah l'Beis ha'Menuga' mean?

(b)'Half that Shi'ur is the amount a Kohen needs to eat to attain the status of Pesul Gevi'ah. What is 'Pesul Gevi'ah'?

(c)What fraction of that is required for food to receive Tum'as Ochlin?

11)

(a)'Chetzyah l'Beis ha'Menuga' means - that someone who remains in a house stricken with Tzara'as for the amount of time that it takes to eat half of such a loaf (four k'Beitzim) becomes Tamei.

(b)Half that Shi'ur is the amount a Kohen needs to eat to attain the status of 'Pesul Gevi'ah' - meaning that a Kohen who eats half that amount (two k'Beitzim) of Tamei food becomes Tamei, and is forbidden to eat Terumah.

(c)Half of that (one k'Beitzah) is required for food to receive Tum'as Ochlin.

12)

(a)We establish our Mishnah (which prescribes fourteen weekly meals for a woman) even according to Rebbi Yochanan ben Berokah (according to whom two Kabin will only produce eight meals), by citing Rav Chisda, who explains that Rebbi Yochanan ben Berokah deducted half the total in his Cheshbon, which we have to add on here. Why did he do that?

(b)How do we reconcile this with Rav Chisda himself, who says elsewhere that Rebbi Yochanan ben Berokah only deducted a third for the store-keeper?

(c)Adding a half (i.e. half of the total, or what we would we call a hundred per-cent), leaves us with sixteen meals. We attribute the two extra meals (over and above the fourteen that she requires weekly) to Rebbi Chidka. What does Rebbi Chidka say?

(d)How do we manage to establish our Mishnah even according to ...

1. ... the Rabanan of Rebbi Chidka?

2. ... Rebbi Shimon, who allows her eighteen meals?

12)

(a)We establish our Mishnah (which prescribes fourteen weekly meals for a woman) even according to Rebbi Yochanan ben Berokah (according to whom two Kabin will only produce eight meals), by citing Rav Chisda, who explains that Rebbi Yochanan ben Berokah deducted half the total in his Cheshbon, which we have to add on here. He did this - because we need to take into account the store-keeper's payment for baking the bread.

(b)When Rav Chisda himself said elsewhere that he only deducted a third for the store-keeper - he was referring to a case where the owner of the bread provided the wood, whereas here he speaks when it is the store-keeper who also provided the wood.

(c)Adding a half (i.e. half of the total, or what we would we call a hundred per-cent), leaves us with sixteen meals. We attribute the two extra meals (over and above the fourteen that she requires weekly) to Rebbi Chidka - who says that a person is obligated to eat four meals on Shabbos, two regular meals plus Shalosh Se'udos (with which the Rabanan also agree) and Melave Malka.

(d)We even manage to establish our Mishnah ...

1. ... like the Rabanan of Rebbi Chidka - attributing one of the extra meals to Shalosh Se'udos, and the other, to an allowance for guests.

2. ... according to Rebbi Shimon who allows her eighteen meals - attributing one of the extra meals to Shalosh Se'udos, one to Melave Malka, according to Rebbi Chidka and two to guests, and according to the Rabanan, one to Shalosh Se'udos and three to guests (see also Tosfos DH 'ke'Ma'an').

13)

(a)Seeing as it is not only the Edumians who ate barley, how do we explain Rebbi Yosi in our Mishnah, who seems to say that it was?

(b)Our Mishnah, which does not include wine among the things that a man is obligated to feed his wife, is a proof for Rebbi Elazar. What does Rebbi Elazar say?

(c)Then what does the Navi Hoshei'a refer to when he writes "Eilech Achar Me'ahavai, Nosnei ... Shamni v'Shikuvai"?

13)

(a)It is not only the Idumians who ate barley, and Rebbi Yosi in our Mishnah, who seems to say that it was - is not saying that only Rebbi Yishmael fed his wife barley, but that he was the only one to give twice as much barley as wheat, because the Idumian barley was of an inferior quality.

(b)Our Mishnah, which does not include wine among the things that a man is obligated to feed his wife, is a proof for Rebbi Elazar - who said that one does not prescribe wine for a woman, since wine instills a desire for Tashmish into a person, and it is preferable for a woman to do without it.

(c)When the Navi Hoshei'a writes "Eilech Achar Me'ahavai, Nosnei ... Shamni v'Shikuvai" - he is referring to ornaments, for which women have a deep longing.

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