1)

ONE WHO WAS TOO FAR FROM HIS HOUSE OR HIS ERUV (Yerushalmi Perek 5 Halachah 6 Daf 36a)

מתני' מי שהיה במזרח ואמר לבנו לערב לו במערב. במערב ואמר לבנו לערב לו במזרח

(a)

(Mishnah): If one was in the east and told his son to be Me'arev for him in the west, or vice-versa:

אם יש ממנו ולביתו אלפים אמה ולעירובו יותר מיכן מותר לביתו ואסור לעירובו

1.

If he is [at most] 2000 Amos from his house and further than this from his Eruv, he is permitted to [go to] his house and forbidden to [go to] his Eruv;

לעירובו אלפים אמה ולביתו יותר מיכן מותר לעירובו ואסור לביתו.

2.

If he is 2000 Amos from his Eruv and further than this from his house, he is permitted to his Eruv and forbidden to his house. (This will be explained.)

הנותן את עירובו בעיבורה של עיר לא עשה כלום

(b)

If one put an Eruv in the Ibur of the city, it has no effect.

נתנו חוץ לתחום מה שנשכר הוא מפסיד:

(c)

If one put an Eruv outside the Techum (Ibur of the city), even one Amah outside, whatever he gains [in that direction] he loses [in the opposite direction].

גמ' מן קשויי מקשי לה בר קפרא למזרח בנו ולמערב בנו.

(d)

(Gemara): Due to a question that Bar Kapara had, [we must explain our Mishnah to mean that he was] to the east of his son or to the west of his son.

ניחא אם יש ממנו ולביתו אלפים אמה ולעירובו יותר מיכן מותר לביתו ואסור לעירובו.

1.

(The Mishnah connotes that he was east of his house, and told his son to be Me'arev for him in the west, or vice-versa. I.e. his house is in the middle.) Granted, if he is within 2000 Amos of his house and more than this from his Eruv, he is permitted to his house and forbidden to his Eruv;

לעירובו אלפים אמה ולביתו יותר מיכן מותר לעירובו ולביתו אסור:

2.

Question: [How can he be] within 2000 Amos of his Eruv and more than this from his house, that he is permitted to his Eruv and forbidden to his house?! (He is closer to his house than to his Eruv! Rather, our Mishnah means that he was] to the east or west of his son.)

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