ERUVIN 92-95 (5-8 Teves) - Dedicated in memory of Max (Meir Menachem ben Shlomo ha'Levi) Turkel, by his children Eddie and Lawrence and his wife Jean Turkel/Rafalowicz. Max was a warm and loving husband and father and is missed dearly by his family and friends. His Yahrzeit is 5 Teves.

[94a - 52 lines; 94b - 33 lines]

1)[line 1]עד עיקר מחיצהAD IKAR MECHITZAH- until [where] the base of the original wall [had been]

2)[line 2]לאו בפירוש אתמר אלא מכללא אתמרLAV B'FEIRUSH ITMAR, ELA MI'CHLALA ITMAR- was not stated explicitly [by Rav], but rather inferred

3a)[line 5]שקולו גלימאSHEKULU GELIMA- take a cloak

b)[line 5]נגידו בהNEGIDU BAH- hang it in the place of the wall

4)[line 6]אבאABA- Rav (Shmuel referred to Rav by this dignified name)

5)[line 7]שקולו [המייניה] וקטרו בהSHEKULU (HEIMNEI) [HEMYANEI] V'KATRU BAH- take Rav's belt and tie the cloak in place with it (that is, do it anyway)!

6)[line 7]למה לי האLAMAH LI HA- why did he require [a hanging Mechitzah]?

7)[line 11]אתריה דשמואל הוהASREI D'SHMUEL HAVAH- it was the place of Shmuel [where this episode took place, the city where Shmuel was the Rabbinic authority]

8)[line 16]מתוכה לרשות הרביםMI'TOCHAH LI'RESHUS HA'RABIM- from it to a Reshus ha'Rabim (or, for that matter, from it to a Reshus ha'Yachid)

9)[line 21]שבררוSHE'BARERU- who selected

10)[line 23]והוא שאבדה להן דרך באותו שדהV'HU SHE'AVDAH LAHEN DERECH B'OSO SADEH- that is, the public have always had the right to walk through this field, but we are not sure where the path designated for them is

11a)[line 24]…וכי תימא הכא נמיV'CHI TEIMA HACHA NAMI...- that is, there is no significant Mechitzah between the Chatzer and the Reshus ha'Rabim, and the public have widened their path into the Chatzer by a bit, claiming that they have always had the right to walk there

b)[line 26]עד מקום מחיצה מחלוקתAD MAKOM MECHITZAH MACHLOKES- which implies that the Machlokes concerns the main area of the Chatzer until the far wall

12)[line 27]ואיבעית אימאV'IBA'IS EIMA- this answer also must explain the words of Rebbi Chanina to mean the place of the wall standing alongside the Reshus ha'Rabim. However, according to this answer, there is no disagreement as to where the wall had been.

13)[line 27]בצידי רשות הרביםTZIDEI RESHUS HA'RABIM- an area at the side of Reshus ha'Rabim which is used by the public only when Reshus ha'Rabim is congested

14)[line 34]חיפופיCHIFUFEI- pegs and large stones set against the walls of the Reshus ha'Rabim to prevent wagons from rubbing against them. The areas between these Chifufei are the standard Tzidei Reshus ha'Rabim.

15)[line 34]היכא דליכא חיפופיHEICHA D'LEIKA CHIFUFEI- and it is therefore easier to utilize those areas

16)[line 48]שנפרצהSHE'NIFRETZAH- which broke down (on Shabbos)

17)[line 51]במאי עסקינןB'MAI ASKINAN- with what [size breach] are we dealing [that the ruling of our Mishnah is applicable only when there are two breaches]?

18)[line 51]דאמר פיתחא הואD'AMAR PISCHA HU- it is considered an entranceway (only if, in addition, the standing part of the Mechitzah is longer than the breach; see Insights)


19)[line 1]שנפרצה בקרן זויתSHE'NIFRETZAH B'KEREN ZAVIS- that it broke down [in such a way that the breaches in the two sides meet] at a corner

20)[line 3]מאי שנאMAI SHNA- This question does not follow the previous one; at this point the Gemara once again understands that the two breaches are in the middle of two opposite walls.

21)[line 4]פי תקרה יורד וסותםPI TIKRAH YORED V'SOSEM- see Background to Eruvin 93:4

22)[line 7]וקירויו באלכסוןKIRU'YO B'ALACHSON- (a) its roof slants (RASHI); (b) the entire corner of the roof fell off (in the shape of a triangle), leaving the edge of open roof at a diagonal (TOSFOS; see picture in Tosfos)

23)[line 8]ושמואל אמרU'SHMUEL AMAR- Shmuel is answering the original question of the Gemara, in reference to the first case of the Mishnah regarding a Chatzer

24)[line 9]משום ביתMISHUM BAYIS- [our Mishnah states that one may not carry if there are two breaches] due to [the fact that in the case involving] a house [it will not be forbidden to carry when there is only one breach, due to Pi Tikrah Yored v'Sosem]

25a)[line 14]אכסדרה בבקעהACHSADRAH B'VIK'AH- (a) a covered area in a field which is open on all four sides (RASHI); (b) a covered area in a field which is closed on two or three of its sides (TOSFOS 94a DH bi'Shtei Ruchos and 25b DH Achsadrah b'Vik'ah)

b)[line 14]בבקעהBIK'AH- an open plain

26)[line 17]כי לית ליה בד' אבל בשלש אית ליהKI LEIS LEI B'ARBA, AVAL B'SHALOSH IS LEI- (a) Shmuel does not apply Pi Tikrah Yored v'Sosem to all four sides, but rather only to three (RASHI); (b) according to the Girsa of RABEINU CHANANEL and TOSFOS, KI LEIS LEI B'SHALOSH, AVAL B'ARBA IS LEI - Shmuel does not apply Pi Tikrah Yored v'Sosem when there are only three Mechitzos (and the fourth side is completely open), rather, the fourth wall must also be partially closed, e.g. when part of the fourth wall crumbled

27)[line 20]וקירויו בארבעV'KIRUYO B'ARBA- and its roof [has broken into a jagged pattern] with four [edges (see picture in Rashi), each of which is at least four Amos long]

28)[line 23]הויא ליה אכסדרהHAVYA LEI ACHSADRAH- (a) even though this would require applying Pi Tikrah Yored v'Sosem to four edges, this is similar to the case of an Achsadrah in which Rav applies Pi Tikrah Yored v'Sosem to all four sides (RASHI); (b) even if one of the remaining sides would break down (with the other remaining one whole), Pi Tikrah Yored v'Sosem would apply, as it does in the case of an Achsadrah (TOSFOS)

29)[line 30]בעשר כולי עלמא לא פליגיB'ESER KULEI ALMA LO PELIGI- when [the breach is less than] ten Amos, there is no disagreement (since the breach is considered a Pesach and there is no need to apply Pi Tikrah Yored v'Sosem)