ERCHIN 30 (13 Tamuz) - Today's Dafyomi study is dedicated to the blessed memory of U.S. Army Staff Sgt. Seymour Ira Gottlieb (Yitzchak Shimon ben Chaim Shlomo Yosef ha'Levi, Z"L), who died in World War II on the 13th of Tamuz 5704 in the battle of St. Lo, France, fighting the Nazis to save his Jewish brethren in Europe.

1)

LIABILITY OF DIFFERENT KINDS OF DOUGHS (Yerushalmi Chalah Perek 1 Halachah 4 Daf 7b)

' . ' .

(a)

(Mishnah): A dough that was initially Sufganim (soft) and at the end Sufganim, it is exempt from Chalah. If it was initially a [normal thick] dough and at the end Sufganim, or initially Sufganim and at the end a dough, it is obligated in Chalah.

(b)

Similarly, Kenovka'os (bread that people make into crumbs) are obligated.

" " .

(c)

Me'isah (boiling water is put in the flour), Beis Shamai exempt and Beis Hillel obligate.

" "

(d)

Chalitah (boiling water is poured on the flour), Beis Shamai obligate and Beis Hillel exempt.

:

(e)

Chalos (brought with a Korban) Todah and Rekikei Nazir - if he made them for himself, they are exempt. If he made them to sell in the market, they are obligated.

[ ] ' () [] .

(f)

(Gemara) Question (a woman, to R. Mana): Because I want to make my dough soft, can I take some [to make a regular dough] and it will be exempt from Chalah?

[ ( )] .

(g)

Answer (R. Mana): (Yes!) Why not?

. :

1.

[R. Mana] and asked his father; he told him, it is forbidden, lest she reconsider to make it a [regular] dough (it is obligated, even if initially she intended for a soft dough).

() [] .

(h)

Similarly, Kenovka'os are obligated.

" [ ] .

(i)

(R. Yehoshua ben Levi): So you should not say, since in the end he will [crumble the bread and] return it to [be like] fine flour, it is exempt from Chalah.

' () [] . .

(j)

(R. Ba bar Zavda): A dough [cooked in] a Kirah (a rectangular oven on which it is normal to place pots) is obligated in Chalah. You should not say, since in the end he will return it to fine flour, it is exempt from Chalah.

.

(k)

(Rav): A dough made for Kutach (a dip) is obligated in Chalah.

' .

(l)

(R. Bun): This is lest she reconsider to make it a cake for her son.

' :

(m)

(R. Mana): We must announce that these people who make Avitzin (bread that is crumbled and put into a pan) should make less than a Shi'ur [for Chalah], for they think that it is exempt [even if it is a Shi'ur], and [really] it is obligated!