What is the significance of all the areas in this Pasuk?


Ramban: This is an itinerary of how Yisrael will enter into Eretz Cana'an. 1


Targum Onkelos: Incorporating a description of the various types of terrain that they were about to inherit


What is "P'nu u'Se'u lachem" referrring to?


Rashi (citing the Sifri) and Targum Yonasan: It refers to the road leading to Arad and Chormah. 1


Rashi (in the original manuscript): Which was next to Edom, close to Kadeish. See Sh'lach-L'chsa, 14:45.


Which area does each of the other types of terrain represent?


Rashi (citing the Sifri) and Targum Yonasan: "u'Vo'u Har ha'Emori" - to the area on the south-eastern border next to Edom; "v'el Kol Shecheinav" - to Amon, Mo'av and Har Se'ir; 1 "ba'Aravah" - to a stretch of forest-land; "ba'Har" - to the mountain known as 'Har ha'Melech'; "ba'Shefeilah" - to the lowlands of the south; "ba'Negev" - the desert-land in the south, 2 "u've'Chof ha'Yam" - refers to Ashkelon, Aza and Caesaria ("Eretz ha'Cana'ani"


See Sifsei Chachamim.


Rashi (in Bava Kama, 81b): So-called because, due to the lack of shade - because there are no trees there - the sun shines on it constantly and dries it up.


So-called because it whitens (cleanses) - 'Malbin' - the sins of Yisrael.


Why does the Torah refer to the River P'ras as "N'har ha'Gadol"?


Rashi: Because it is mentioned in connection with Eretz Yisrael. 1


Rashi (in Shevu'os, 47b): Even though in Bereishis 2:14, it is mentioned last of the four rivers because it is the smallest. From here the sayings evolved - 'The slave of a king is a king!' - 'Cleave to a king and they will bow down to you!' 'Come close to oil, and you too will become oily!'

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