hebrew
1)

What is the significance of the first bull that they brought to purify the Leviyim, as an Olah?

1.

Rashi: The Tzibur brings a bull for an Olah 1 to atone for Avodah-Zarah.


1

In addition to a goat for a Chatas (15:24).

2)

Why does the Torah add the word "Sheni"?

1.

Rashi: To teach us that, like the Olah, it was not to be eaten. 1


1

In spite of the fact that it was a Chatas Chitzonah (whose blood was sprinkled on the Mizbe'ach ha'Olah).

3)

Why was the Chatas not eaten?

1.

Rashi: It was a Hora'as Sha'ah (a temporary ruling, confined to that occasion). 1


1

Rashi: Just as the fact that they brought a bull as the Chatas, and not a goat (See 15:24) was a Hora'as Sha'ah.

4)

Why does it mention the Olah first regarding taking them, and the Chatas first regarding Hakravah (verse 12)?

1.

Hadar Zekenim: The nicer one should be the Olah, for it is totally burned [on the Mizbe'ach]. Chatas is always offered before Olah.

5)

Rashi writes that they should have brought a goat for the Chatas, but it was a Hora'as Sha'ah. The goat is brought for Shogeg. They were Mezid at the Egel, for Moshe tested them like Sotos!

1.

Riva: Really, they should not have brought any Korban, for they were Mezid. Since they brought a Korban, it should have been the Korban for Shogeg. 1

2.

Riva citing R. Tam: Some people did not believe totally in the Egel, but they thought that it has some [power]. 2 They were Shogeg, and it was proper to bring a goat for them.


1

The Korban is only for Shogeg based on a mistaken ruling of the Great Sanhedrin! Perhaps since Aharon told them to bring gold, this is like a mistaken ruling. (PF)

2

Riva: This answers also another question. Refer to Shemos 32:4:151.

6)

Rashi writes that the Chatas was not eaten (rather, it was burned). He wrote in Vayikra (9:11) that the only Chata'os Chitzoniyos that were burned were of Aharon and the Milu'im!

1.

Riva (Shemos 29:14): Also of the Leviyim was Milu'im (to inaugurate them), Rashi means 'except for of Aharon, the Milu'im, and similar matters.'

2.

Moshav Zekenim (Shemos 29:14): We can say that the second bull of the Leviyim was an inner Chatas, for they brought it for the Tzibur.

3.

Moshav Zekenim: Here it was not burned on the Mizbe'ach. There, Rashi discusses Chata'os burned on the Mizbe'ach.

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