hebrew
1)

What sort of question were they asking here?

1.

Seforno: Refer to 14:2:1:1. They were asking Moshe and Aharon what they had done to deserve such a fate. 1


1

Seforno: Based on the misunderstanding that Hashem hated them, either on account of the idolatry that they had performed in Egypt, or for some other reason - as the Pasuk testifies in Devarim, 1:27.

2)

Why did neither the people nor the Spies say anything derogative about the land itself?

1.

Ramban: Because they knew that Moshe, who knew all that there was to know about Eretz Yisrael, 1 would immediately challenge any negative statement that they would make about it. Consequently, even the Spies conceded that the land was good, 2 attributing their fears to the strength of its inhabitants.


1

From the time he spent both in Egypt and in Midyan - both of which b ordered Eretz Cana'an.

2

Ramban: As the Torah states in Devarim, 1:27 & 28 See Ramban (See also Rashi there).

3)

Why were the people guilty? Why should they have listened to Yehoshua and Calev and not to their ten colleauges?

1.

Ramban: Seeing as all the Spies agreed that the land was good, 1 and the entire debate concerned the strength of the Cana'anim - whether it was possible to overcome them, they should have had faith in Hashem, "The Man of war" (Shemos 15:3), 2 and believed Yehoshua and Calev that they would have no problem in defeating them.


1

Refer to 14:3:2:1.

2

Having witnessed Hashem's superhuman strength in Egypt and at the Yam-Suf. See Pasuk 11.

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