hebrew
1)

What is the translation of "Vateragnu"?

1.

Rashi: 'And you spoke Lashon ha'Ra". 1

2.

Rashi (in Yeshayah, 29:24) and Targum Onkelos: 'And you grumbled'.


1

As in Mishlei, 18:8 - "Divrei Nirgan" with reference to a man who speaks Lashon ha'Ra.

2)

Seeing as Hashem loves Yisrael, why did the people claim that He took them out of Egypt because He hated them?

1.

Rashi: They claimed that Hashem hated them, because they hated Hashem - and, as the saying goes 'What you think about your friend, you assume that he thinks about you'!

3)

What did they claim Hashem had done to bear out their complaint?

1.

Rashi: They claimed 1 that Hashem took them out of Egypt, a land which is well-irrigated - by the water of the Nile which overflows and waters the fields, to give them Eretz Yisrael - which requires watering manually. 2


1

See 11:10 & 11 for the correct assessment.

2

Rashi: And this can be compared to a man who had two fields ... . and who gave the irrigated field to the son whom he loved, and the one that required watering to the son whom he hated.

4)

To whom were the people speaking?

1.

Targum Yonasan:They grasped hold of their children and complained to them

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