hebrew
1)

What exactly, is "Chelev", as opposed to Shuman"?

1.

Ramban (9), Moshav Zekenim (9): "Chelev" is fatty membranes that peel from the animal's flesh easily, whereas 'Shuman' is the fat that is closely attached to the flesh. 1


1

As the Pasuk indicates in Ha'azinu and in many other places (Devarim 32:15 [Ramban]).

2)

What does "v'Es Kol ha'Chelev" come to include?

1.

Rashi #1 (citing R. Yishmael 1 in Toras Kohanim): It comes to include even the Chelev on the maw (stomach) 2

2.

Rashi #2 (citing R. Akiva in Toras Kohanim): It comes to include the Chelev on the intestines exclusively. Refer to .3:4:2:1*.


1

Moshav Zekenim (citing R. Yishmael, Chulin 49b): Just like the Chelev covering the Kerev is a membrane that can be peeled off, also all such Chelev (of a Shelamim is offered, and is forbidden to eat even in Chulin). R. Akiva includes only membranes spread over limbs, that can be peeled off. Toras Kohanim switches the opinions..

2

And certainly the Chelev on the intestines (Sifsei Chachamim).

3)

Why does the Torah command to burn the Chelev on the Mizbe'ach?

1.

Moshav Zekenim #1: It comes to atone for sin that one does amidst obesity

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