hebrew
1)

What are the implications of "Vayishman Yeshurun Viv'at"?

1.

Seforno: It implies that Yisrael behaved like animals (Refer to 32:15:2:1) who lash out at the person who comes to feed them.

2.

Targum Onkelos: 'Yisrael became wealthy and lashed out'.

3.

Targum Yonasan: 'Yisrael became wealthy and despised Hashem'.

4.

Rosh: Amidst fatness, they rebelled.

5.

Sha'arei Teshuvah (1:30): As long as a person follows physical desires, he is drawn after the physical, and distances from the intellectual Nefesh, and the his Yetzer ha'Ra overpowers him.

2)

Why does the Torah refer to Yisrael here as "Yeshurun"?

1.

Seforno: Because it is talking even about people who are studious - the wise among them. 1


1

Seforno: As in Balak, Bamidbar, 24:17.

3)

What is the difference between "Shamanta", "Avisa

1.

Rashi: 'You became fat, thick and obese, with a double layer of fat.

2.

Seforno: "Shamanta" - You (Refer to 32:15:2:1) became dense (mentally), because you turned to the material pleasures of this world; "Avisa" - You were unable to discern the finer points of truth 1 - and "Kasisa" - your eyes were smeared (preventing you) from seeing and your hearts from comprehending. 2

3.

Targum Onkelos and Targum Yonasan: 'They were successful, became strong and acquired property'.


1

Seforno: See Yeshayah, 28:7.

2

Seforno: Yeshayah 44:18.

4)

What is the meaning of "Vayenabel Tzur Yeshu'aso"?

1.

Rashi and Rashbam: It means that they disgusted and shamed 1 the Rock of their salvation. 2

2.

Seforno: They disgraced the Rock of their salvation by going from bad to worse.

3.

Targum Onkelos and Targum Yonasan: 'They angered the Strong One who redeemed them.'


1

Rashbam: Like "Am Naval" in Pasuk 6.

2

Rashi: It is referring to the episode in Yechezekel (8:16), in which 25 men prostrated themselves towards the sun with their bare backs facing the Heichal of Hashem.

5)

What is "Vayenabel Tzur Yeshu'aso" referring to?

1.

Rashi: It is referring to the episode in Yechezekel, which describes how twenty-dive men prostrated themselves towards the sun with their backs facing the Heichal of Hashem. 1

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