1)

What does the Pasuk mean when it writes "Hashem Ish Milchamah"?

1.

Rashi #1, Targum Onkelos and Targum Yonasan: It means that Hashem is the Master 1 of war 2 (victory belongs to Him [Targum Onkelos]) or the Mighty man of war. 3

2.

Rashi #2 (Bamidbar 12:5): When Hashem goes to war, He goes alone, and when He goes to make peace, He goes with a retinue. 4

3.

Hadar Zekenim: The heretics 'prove' from here that Hashem is a person. Really, it means that even a mighty warrior must request [help from Hashem] and acknowledge that ha'Kadosh Baruch Hu is the Master, and His name is Hashem.


1

Because "Ish" means master (See for example Megilas Rus, 1:3 [Rashi]).

2

In all generations Hashem demonstrates His Might on behalf of Yisrael (Targum Yonasan).

3

See for example Melachim 1, 2:2 [Rashi]).

4

Unlike a human king, who goes to war with an army, but alone, in order to make peace (Rashi).

2)

What do we learn from the phrase "Hashem Sh'mo"?

1.

Rashi #1: It teaches us that Hashem fights (not with weapons, but) with His Name alone.

2.

Rashi #2: It comes to teaches that even when Hashem goes to war, to take revenge against His enemies; He continues to feed the entire world with Midas ha'Rachamim. 1

3.

Hadar Zekenim: Even a mighty warrior must request [help from Hashem] and acknowledge that ha'Kadosh Baruch Hu is the Master, and His name is Hashem.

4.

Hadar Zekenim citing Sefer ha'Gan: This is Vadai His name. He is Hoveh 2 with his servants in their distress.


1

Not like human kings who, when they wage war, place all their other activities on hold, since they cannot concentrate on both at the same time (Rashi).

2

Hashem's name alludes to Hayah, Hoveh, Yihyeh (He was, is and will be - PF).

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