What is the significance of the statement that the water receded "at the end of a hundred and fifty days"?


Rashi: The Pasuk means that that is when the water began to subside. 1


Ramban: HaSh-m sent a powerful wind that caused the water to subside on a large scale, as well as blowing the water back into the depths and drying up the air.


Gur Aryeh: The verse cannot mean that they finished receding, for the earth dried up only later, on the first day of the first month (8:13).


From when does the Torah reckon these hundred and fifty days, and the seventh month when the Ark rested on the top of Mount Ararat (8:4)?


Rashi: From the twenty-seventh of Kislev, when the rain terminated. 1


Ramban and Seforno 2 : From the seventeenth of Marcheshvan, when the Flood began. 3


Refer to 8:3:2.1.


Refer to 7:24:1:1.


See Ramban, who refutes Rashi's proofs that the water subsided at a constant rate (and the months therefore would not be numbered systematically). According to Ramban, the dates are counted systematically, whereas the water did not subside at a constant rate. Refer to 8:4:2.


One may ask on Rashi: Perhaps the 150 days include the initial 40 days of rain, and began on 17 Marcheshvan (as the Ramban writes)?


Gur Aryeh #1: Since the verses count the 40 days of rain independently, it does not sound like they would be included again in the 150 days.


Gur Aryeh #2: The 150 days are described as "va'Yigberu ha'Mayim" - "the waters persisted." During the first 40 days, the Flood was more due to the rain from above than to the swelling groundwater from below. 1 Also, the word "persisted" would apply only after the rain had fallen, not when it had just started.


Refer to 7:18:1.1:1 2



Rashi writes: "The rains stopped on the 27th of Kislev." Earlier (Rashi to 7:12), however, he writes that they stopped on the 28th?


Gur Aryeh (to 7:12): The rain fell only on the night of the 28th; the last day on which they fell was the 27th. Refer to 7:12:2.1:1.


רש"י: מקצה...התחילו לחסור: אולי אז סיימו המים לחסור?


גור אריה: [אי אפשר לומר כך כי] סוף החסרון היה באחד לחודש הראשון כשיבשה הארץ.


רש"י: בעשרים ושבעה בכסליו פסקו הגשמים: קשה שלעיל (ז,יב) כתב רש"י שהגשם פסק בכ"ח כסליו?


גור אריה (לעיל, ז,יב): בליל כ"ח ירד גשם והוא פסק בתחילת יום כ"ח.


רש"י: הרי שלושה מכסליו וכו': אולי 150 ימי תִגבורת המים כוללים את 40 ימי ירידת הגשמים (כדעת הרמב"ן) והם החלו בי"ז חשון?


גור אריה: כיון שלעיל (ז,יז) הכתוב מחלק ומזכיר את 40 ימי הגשם לבדם, לא משמע שהם שבים ונכללים ב-150 ימי התִגבורת.


גור אריה: על ימים אלו כתוב "ויגברו המים", ובודאי שבימי הגשם העיקר היה הגשם מלמעלה לא החשיבו את תִגבורת המים מלמטה, וכן לשון "ויגברו" שייך רק אחר שכבר ירדו גשמים, ולא בתחילת ירידתם.

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