hebrew
1)

Why does the Torah write that the rain was "on the earth"?

1.

Ramban (to 7:23): To teach us that the water of the Flood fell only on land, but not on the sea. 1


1

This explains how the fish survived (Refer to 7:23:5).

2)

Why does the Torah say here that "the rain was on the earth," and later (in 7:17) that "the Flood was on the earth"?

1.

Rashi: Because, HaSh-m, in His mercy, first sent rain (Gishmei Berachah), to give them another chance to do Teshuvah; and when they didn't take the hint, it turned into a flood. 1


1

Also refer to 13:13:3.1:1.

3)

Rashi writes: "The forty days ended on 28 Kislev." Since the rain began on 17 Marcheshvan, it seems that it rained for 41 days?

1.

Gur Aryeh: The rain stopped in the early morning of 28 Kislev. The order of the Pasuk is precise


1

Refer to 7:13:2 for other opinions.

4)

Rashi writes: "The forty days ended on 28 Kislev." Later on however, he writes (Rashi to 8:3) that the rain stopped on 27 Kislev?

1.

Gur Aryeh: The rain stopped in the early morning of 28 Kislev. Since it did not rain during the day of 28 Kislev, Rashi counts that day towards the subsequent 150 days during which the waters persisted.

5)

Rashi writes: "... on 28 Kislev according to Rebbi Eliezer." Why did Rashi choose to present the dates according to Rebbi Eliezer?

1.

Gur Aryeh: Our Sages counted the months of the Flood from Tishrei, like Rebbi Eliezer (Rosh Hashanah 12b).

6)

רש"י: נמצאו ארבעים יום כלים בכ"ח בכסליו: הגשם החל בי"ז חשון, ואם פסק בכ"ח כסליו, נמצא שהוא ירד 41 יום?

1.

גור אריה: הגשם לא המשיך עד סוף כ"ח כסליו, אלא פסק בהשכמת יום כ"ח.

7)

רש"י: נמצאו ארבעים יום כלים בכ"ח בכסליו: למה ברש"י לקמן (ח,ג) כתוב שהגשמים פסקו בכ"ז כסליו?

1.

גור אריה: הגשמים ירדו בליל כ"ח ופסקו בהשכמה, ולכן כתוב ברש"י לקמ' שהגשם ירד עד כ"ז כסליו ואת כ"ח כסליו הוא מונה בכלל 150 יום של תגבורת המים.

8)

רש"י: נמצאו ארבעים יום כלים בכ"ח בכסליו: למה רש"י נוקט כאן כרבי אליעזר?

1.

גור אריה: חכמי ישראל מנו מתשרי כרבי אליעזר.

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