hebrew
1)

From where did Ya'akov obtain maidservants and slaves, camels and donkeys?

1.

Rashi: He ran a highly lucrative business 1 selling sheep and goats for a high price, and with the proceeds, he purchased them.

2.

Bechor Shor: He sold the milk and wool of his flock, and used the money to buy them.


1

Seforno.

2)

Having stated "va'Yifrotz ha'Ish ..." (See Sifsei Chachamim), why does the Torah need to write "Tzon Rabos"?

1.

Rashi: The Pasuk means that Ya'akov's flock multiplied more than anybody else's. 1

2.

Targum Onkelos and Targum Yonasan: It means simply that he had a vast amount of sheep (but not of the other species mentioned in the Pasuk).


1

Tosfos ha'Shalem (5) infers this, for "Rabos" was written after Tzon, and not at the end. (May be he had few slaves, camels and donkeys! His gift to Esav (shortly after this) included 40 cows. Why didn't the verse say here that he had cattle? Perhaps we must say that he had relatively few cattle, and much of everything mentioned in this verse - PF).

3)

Why is he called "ha'Ish"?

1.

Hadar Zekenim: This is an expression of importance - "Mi ha'Ish ha'Chacham."

4)

How many animals did Yakov have?

1.

Tosfos ha'Shalem (1): He had 600,000. It says here "Me'Od Me'od" like it says about Bnei Yisrael proliferating in Mitzrayim. 1

2.

Tosfos ha'Shalem (3): He had 1,200,000, for it says here "Me'od Me'od", and in Mitzrayim it says bi'Me'Od Me'od. Bereishis Rabah (73:4) says that he had this number of dogs to guard his flock.


1

Even though that was only the number of men, without women, children and millions who died in Makas Choshech, we learn from what is written explicitly. (PF)

5)

רש"י:צאן רבות - פרות ורבות יותר משאר צאן: מנין לפרש כך?

1.

גור אריה: אם לא כן, צריך היה לכתוב 'צאן רב' כפי שכתוב בשאר מקומות._

6)

ושפחות ועבדים - מוכר צאנו בדמים יקרים ולוקח לו כל אלה: מנין לפרש כך?

1.

גור אריה: בפשוטו קשה למה נכתב דבר זה כאן- בפסוקים העוסקים בריבוי הצאן [אלא מלמד שמכר צאנו בדמים יקרים כדי לקנות עבדים ושפחות].

2.

גור אריה: בני לבן אמרו "ומאשר לאבינו עשה את כל הכבוד הזה", וקשה שרק הצאן היה מאביהם? אלא שהוא קנה אותם בדמי הצאן, והוסיף רש"י שיעקב מכרם בדמים יקרים כי אלמלא כן, לא היה חידוש במה שיעקב מכר צאנו וקנה עבדים.

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