hebrew
1)

Why did Avraham instruct Eliezer to place his hand underneath his thigh?

1.

Rashi: Because an oath requires the person swearing to hold up his hand an object of Mitzvah (such as a Seifer-Torah or Tefilin), and the Bris Milah, which was the first Mitzvah that he had been commanded, was particular dear to him.

2.

Rashbam: This is an act of subordination that we only find performed by an Eved to a master or a son to a father 1 .

3.

Ha'Emek Davar: This was to make a Bris with him, in addition to the Shevu'ah.


1

Refer to 47:29:4:2. Others who take an oath, tend to clinch it with a handshake or cutting something into two and passing between the pieces (as we learned in connection with the Bris bein ha'Besarim).

2)

Why did Avraham instruct Eliezer to put his hand under Avraham's thigh, and not under his own?

1.

Oznayim la'Torah: Because Avraham's own Mitzvah was dearer to him than Eliezer's.

3)

What is "ha'Moshel b'Chol Asher Lo"?

1.

Yoma, 28b: 'He ruled over his master's Torah


1

Refer to 24:1:1:7.

2

Oznayim la'Torah: Which explains why he believed him with a Shevu'ah and was not afraid that he might abrogate it.

4)

One may not touch the Ever, lest it causes emissions (Nidah 13b)!

1.

Moshav Zekenim #1: This applies only to youths, but not to old men.

2.

Moshav Zekenim #2: It is forbidden only past the crown. Eliezer held it before the crown.

3.

Ibn Ezra, Radak, Chizkuni: He put his hand under the thigh, not on the Ever.

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