hebrew
1)

Why does the Torah insert the word "Im"?

1.

Bava Kama, 43b: To inclyude where the ox intended to gore an ox and inadvertently gored the Eved. 1


1

Refer to 21:30:1:5*.

2)

What if the Eved is worth more or less than thirty Shekalim?

1.

Rashi: It is a Gezeiras ha'Kasuv that if a Shor Mu'ad kills an Eved or an Amah (Cana'ani), 1 the owner must pay thirty Shekalim (K'nas), irrespective of their real value.


1

If it was an Eved Ivri, he would have to pay Kofer to the owner of the ox. See Torah Temimah, note 238. Refer also to 21;20:1:1.

3)

Why specifically thirty Shekalim?

1.

Moshav Zekenim #1, Seforno: Because an Eved is compared to a woman regarding the fulfillment of Mitzvos, 1 and the Erech of a woman is thirty Shekalim. 2

2.

Moshav Zekenim #2: The primary years of Avodah are from 20 (from when men can go to the army) until 50 (at which age Levi'im cease to serve). 3

3.

Hadar Zekenim: This is the wage of a shepherd 4 (Zecharyah 11:4,12).


1

See Chagigah, 4a (Seforno).

3

I do not understand why it is a Shekel per year. Also, one pays 30 even if the sLa'ave is above 50, or too old to work! (PF)

4

I do not know why this amount applies to all sLa'aves. Also, 30 Shekalim is not the wage for his entire life! (PF)

4)

What is the exact value of a Shekel?

1.

Rashi and Ramban: One Shekel weighs four gold coins, which is equivalent to half 1 an Unki of the weights of K'lunya.

2.

Rambam (Peirush ha'Mishnayos, Shekalim 1:7): It is the weight of 192 barley- corns.

3.

Bechoros, 49b: 'The thirty Shekalim of an Eved are Shekel ha'Kodesh 2 in Tzuri coins. 3


1

Three quarters of an Unki, according to the Ramban (in Sh'mos 30:13), since the Nochrim decreased the size of the gold coins from what they were when the Torah was given.

2

Double the regular Shekel, which is half a Sela.

3

See Torah Temimah, note 240.

5)

What are the implications of "Adonav"? What does it preclude or include?

1.

Gitin, 42b: It precludes an Eved who is due to leave, 1 even though he has yet to receive a Get Shichrur. 2

2.

Mechilta: It includes the servant of a woman who inherited him from her father. 3


1

Because his master knocked out his tooth or his eye.

2

Gitin (Ibid.): Since his 'master' no longer falls under the caregory of "Adonav". See Torah Temimah, note241.

3

Who is considered "Adonav", even though her husband was permitted to make use of him

6)

Having already taught us that an ox that kills a human-being is stoned, why does the Torah see fit to repeat it here?

1.

Mechilta #1: Since the Pasuk took the Din of an ox that killls an Eved out of the K'lal


1

Even though he is Patur from paying. See also Torah Temimah, note 244.

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