[96a - 32 lines; 96b - 22 lines]

***************GIRSA SECTION******************

We recommend using the textual changes suggested by the Bach and the marginal notes of the Vilna Shas. This section is devoted to any OTHER important corrections that Acharonim have pointed out in the Gemara, Rashi and Tosfos

[1] Tosfos 96a DH Tzarich צריך should come before DH mi'Chlal מכלל

[2] Rashi 96b DH k'Vasar b'Lefes כבשר בלפת :

The word "d'Af Al Pi" דאף ע''פ

should be "v'Af Al Pi" ואף ע''פ

[3] Tosfos 96b DH Afilu אפילו:

The words "d'Chen Derech" דכן דרך

should be "d'Chen ha'Derech" דכן הדרך

[4] Ibid:

The words "b'Chol ha'Chatichah" בכל החתיכה

should be "b'Chol ha'Chatichos" בכל החתיכות (RASHASH)


1)[line 5]טביעות עינא דקלאTEVI'US EINA D'KALA- identification of a person from his or her voice

2)[line 7](בתרי) [בי תרי](B'TREI) [BEI TREI]- two witnesses

3)[line 8]דהאי סימניה והאי סימניהD'HAI SIMANEI V'HAI SIMANEI- that this is one of his identifying features and this is another of his identifying features

4)[line 11]קרייה לפלניאKARYEI L'PLANYA- (lit. call so-and-so) invite so-and-so

5)[line 16]כדי לקיים בו מצות נטילהKEDEI LEKAYEM BO MITZVAS NETILAH- (lit. in order to fulfill the Mitzvah of removing [the Gid ha'Nasheh]) pulling out the Gid ha'Nasheh without performing Chatitah, rooting out all of the branches of the Gid ha'Nasheh

6)[line 18]מזה כזית ומזה כזיתMI'ZEH K'ZAYIS UMI'ZEH K'ZAYIS- a k'Zayis of the Gid ha'Nasheh from one leg and a k'Zayis of the Gid ha'Nasheh from the other leg (of the same animal)

7)[line 21]מנקרMENAKER- deveining, removing the Gid ha'Nasheh and the prohibited (mid'Rabanan) fat surrounding it. A "Menaker" is a person who has learned how to perform "Nikur," deveining

8)[line 21]אטמאATMA- the thigh of a slaughtered animal

9)[line 21]הוה קא גאים ליהHAVAH KA GA'IM LEI- he was peeling it off (without performing Chatitah)

10)[line 22]חות ביה טפיCHUS BEI TEFEI- (lit. go down more into it) perform Chatitah on it

11)[line 23]אירתתIRTAS- he trembled

12)[line 24]דאורי לך, כרבי יהודה אורי לךD'OREI LACH, K'REBBI YEHUDAH OREI LACH- those who taught you [the Halachos of Nikur] taught you according to the opinion of Rebbi Yehudah

13)[line 30]הכףHA'KAF- the meaty protuberance, cap of the hip-bone

14)[line 32]בריהBIRYAH

(a)A "Biryah" literally means an independent, living creature (such as an ant, as in Makos 16b) that is considered significant in itself and needs no minimum Shi'ur to make it significant. (See Insights #2, for a list of the conditions which must be met in order for an object to be classified as a Biryah.)

(b)Usually, a person does not receive Malkus for transgressing the prohibition of eating forbidden foods unless he eats a k'Zayis. A person who eats a prohibited Biryah, however, receives Malkus even though the Biryah is smaller than a k'Zayis.

(c)Although by Torah Law, a Biryah is Batel b'Shishim (becomes nullified if the other food is sixty times greater in volume) when it is mixed with other foods, the Chachamim decreed that a Biryah does not become Batel even if the other food is 1,000 times greater in volume than it.


15)[line 11]בנותן טעםB'NOSEN TA'AM

See Background to Chulin 89:38.

16)[line 13]בלפתB'LEFES- (that is cooked) with turnips