[95a - 36 lines; 95b - 46 lines]

**************GIRSA SECTION*************

We recommend using the textual changes suggested by the Bach and the marginal notes of the Vilna Shas. This section is devoted to any OTHER important corrections that Acharonim have pointed out in the Gemara, Rashi and Tosfos

[1] Tosfos 95a DH Sefeko Asur ספקו אסור :

The words "v'Chanus ha'Mocheres Besar Neveilah" וחנות המוכרת בשר נבלה

should be "b'Chanus ha'Mocheres Besar Neveilah" בחנות המוכרת בשר נבלה

[2] Rashi 95b DH Mechaver מחוור:

It appears that Rashi had the Girsa of the Aruch, "Machlil," מחליל and NOT Mechaver מחוור.

[3] Rashi and Tosfos 95b DH Treisar תריסר:

The word "Treisar" תריסר

should be "Teleisar" תליסר (RASHASH)


1)[line 1]אי הוות פייסת מינאיIY HAVEIS PAISAS MINA'I- if we were on good terms (lit. if you would have obtained appeasement from me)

2)[line 1]מי לא ספיי לך...?MI LO SAFYEI LACH...?- would I not have given you...?

3)[line 2]משופרי שופריMI'SHUFREI SHUFREI- from the best of the best

4)[line 3]וספאV'SAFA- and he gave

5)[line 6]המקוליןHA'MEKULIN- (O.F. maiseles) the butcher shops, meat markets

6)[line 14]דאיתחזק איסוראD'ISCHAZEK ISURA- that in our case there was a definite Isur (there was definitely a Tereifah animal)


Meat that was not constantly watched from the time that the animal was slaughtered is called Basar she'Nisalem Min ha'Ayin (lit. meat that has disappeared from the eye's view). There are those who maintain that we suspect that the meat was somehow exchanged with the meat of a Neveilah.

8)[line 21]נמצאNIMTZA- [meat] that is found [lying in the street]


(a)KOL D'PARISH, ME'RUBA PARISH - When there is a doubt as to the source of a certain item, i.e. from where it comes or to which group it belongs, the Torah informs us that we may resolve the doubt according to certain set rules. One of these rules is "Halech Achar ha'Rov" (assume that an item comes from the largest group). For instance, if a piece of meat is found lying on the street (or in the hands of a Nochri in the street), and most of the meat in the town is Kosher, it can be safely assumed that the meat is kosher. The source for Halech Achar ha'Rov is the verse, "Acharei Rabim l'Hatos" (Shemos 23:2, Chulin 11a).

(b)KOL KAVU'A, K'MECHETZAH AL MECHETZAH DAMI - If, however, the nature of the item is in doubt while it is still "in its place," or Kavu'a, (i.e. it was not separated from the other items of its kind), we do not follow the Rov. Instead, we remain in doubt as to the status of the item. For instance, if a person buys meat and then forgets whether he bought it at a Kosher or non-Kosher store, we cannot assume that the meat is Kosher just because most of the stores in the town are Kosher; we are questioning its status while it is still in its proper place (the store) before it was separated from the other pieces of meat in the store.

10)[line 29]בגבוליןBI'GEVULIN- outside of the Mikdash (lit. in the borders [of Eretz Yisrael])

11)[line 29]אבריםEIVARIM- limbs [of animals that were found]

12)[line 34]לאו בפירוש אתמר, אלא מכללא אתמרLAV B'FEIRUSH ITMAR, ELA MI'CHELALA ITMAR- it was not said explicitly by Rav, rather it was derived through something else he said

13)[line 35]אמבראA'MABARA- at the ford, the place where the river is normally crossed by ferry


14)[line 1](מחוור) [מחליל] רישא(MECHAVER) [MACHLIL] REISHAH- he was washing the head of an animal [in the river]

15)[line 1]סילתאSILTA- a basket

16)[line 2]שדא, אסיק תריןSHADA, ASIK TREIN- he threw it in, he pulled out two [heads]

17)[line 6]פרוותאPARVASA- (O.F. port) a port

18)[line 8]בשעתיהB'SHAITEI- at the time that it is slaughtered

19)[line 9]בציירא וחתומאB'TZAIRA VA'CHASUMA- when it is tied up and sealed

20)[line 11]אתלת קרנתאA'TLAS KARNESA- with three points

21)[line 12]מבראMABARA- ferry

22)[line 13]לגוL'GAV- inside [of my place of lodging] (RASHI)

23)[line 14]אודיק בבזעא דדשאODIK B'VIZ'A D'DASHA- he peeked through a crack in the door

24)[line 14]חיותא דתליאCHEIVASA D'TALYA- a slaughtered animal that was hanging [from a meat hook]

25)[line 15]טרף אבבאTARAF ABAVA- he knocked on the door

26)[line 17]איכו השתאIKU HASHTA- if it would have remained as it is now (i.e. had I not watched the meat that you left unattended)

27)[line 17]ספיתו להו איסוראSEFISU LEHU ISURA- you would have given them forbidden food [to eat]

28)[line 19]דנחישD'NACHISH (NICHUSH)

A Menachesh is a person who is superstitious and acts on the basis of omens (Sanhedrin 65b-66a). The Torah prohibits the practice of Menachesh in Vayikra 19:26 and Devarim 18:10 (see RAMBAM Hilchos Avodas Kochavim 11:4).

29)[line 25]לקדםL'KADAM- [greetings] to

30)[line 28]עיבוראIBURA- calculations of when to make a leap year

31)[line 30]גמליGAMLEI- camel-loads

32)[line 31]פסוק לי פסוקיךPESOK LI PESUKEICH- "quote to me the verse that you are currently learning" (so that I will know which action to take); according to some Poskim this is a minor form of prophecy

33)[line 35]בחרוזיןBA'CHARUZIN- (O.F. rest) [meat that was tied on a] string; cord [and was afterwards Nis'alem Min ha'Ayin]

34)[line 38]עורביORVEI- ravens, crows

35)[line 38]כבדי וכוליתאKAVDEI V'CHULYESA- livers and kidneys

36)[line 39]איתבדISVAD- it was lost

37)[line 39]כרכשאKARKESHA- (O.F. tabahie) large intestines and rectum

38)[line 40]סימנאSIMANA- an identifying feature

39)[line 40]אית לך טביעות עינא בגויה?IS LACH TEVI'US EINA B'GAVEI?- Do you recognize it? (Tevi'us Eina means the identification of an object from a general impression of its form)

40)[line 41]גבאGABA- back

41)[line 43]קיבוראKIVURA- (O.F. lemoissel) ball of thread

42)[line 44]דתכלתאDI'SECHELTA- of Techeles for Tzitzis