[16a - 51 lines; 16b - 44 lines]
1)[line 5]"תקעו בחדש שופר בכסא ליום חגנו""TIK'U VA'CHODESH SHOFAR; BA'KESEH L'YOM CHAGENU"- "Blow the Shofar at the moon's renewal, when the moon is hidden on our festive day" (Tehilim 81:4).
2)[line 12]"[ראש ועשר אל תתן לי] הטריפני לחם חקי""[REISH VA'OSHER AL TITEN LI;] HATRIFENI LECHEM CHUKI"- "[Give me neither poverty nor wealth;] but allot me my daily bread" (Mishlei 30:8).
3)[line 19]מחד שביך לשבתיךME'CHAD SHABACH L'SHABATICH- from the first day of your week, think about and prepare for the coming Shabbos
4)[line 26]דעבידא לאגלוייD'AVIDA L'IGLUYEI- which will be discovered
5)[line 29]שייף ליה משחאSHAYIF LEI MISHCHA- he rubs oil on him (between his eyes)
6)[line 29]ומלי ליה כוחלאU'MALI LEI KUCHLA- he puts a [blue or tinted] powder around his eyes
7)[line 34]נשמה יתירהNESHAMAH YESEIRAH- (a) breadth of spirit which relaxes a person and makes him happy and gives him an appetite to eat (RASHI); (b) an extra soul upon which rests divine inspiration which gives a person the ability to delve into the Torah (RITVA, SHITAH MEKUBETZES)
8)[line 36]ווי אבדה נפשVAI AVDAH NEFESH- woe, the Neshamah Yeseirah has gone
9)[line 38]מידי דמלפתMIDI D'MELAPES- something that is used as a relish, that is eaten with bread
10)[line 38]דייסאDAISA- a dish of ground wheat, grits
11)[line 46]עדשים שבשולי קדרהADASHIM SHEB'SHULEI KEDEIRAH- lentils that are left at the bottom of the pot
12)[line 48]גוררוGORERO- he scrapes it off
13)[line 49]בשולי נכריםBISHULEI NOCHRIM
(a)A decree was enacted that foods that were cooked by a Nochri even in a Jew's house or in a Jew's pots are prohibited to eat. The decree was instituted to prevent intermarriage and to prevent the possibility that the Nochri might feed non-Kosher food to Jews.
(b)Only foods that must be cooked were included in the decree. If they are edible raw, the Nochri has not added to those foods a significant change to prohibit them. Furthermore, only foods that are important enough to be served to kings are prohibited if a Nochri cooked them. It is not customary to invite others to a banquet where less important foods are served. Therefore, the Sages did not worry that these foods would bring about a mingling of Jews and Nochrim.
14)[last line]כסא דהרסנאKASA D'HARSENA- small fish that are cooked with flour in their own oil
15a)[line 10]כבושKAVUSH- pickled; preserved in vinegar or mustard along with mixed vegetables
b)[line 10]שלוקSHALUK- thoroughly cooked
c)[line 10]ומבושלMEVUSHAL- cooked
16)[line 10]וקולייס האספניןKULYAS HA'ISPANIN- Spanish colias, a type of tuna
17)[line 22]סמיאSAMYA- a blind person
18)[line 22]דהוה מסדר מתניתאD'HAVAH MESADER MASNISA- who was practicing Mishnayos (by repeating them before Mar Shmuel in order to be sure that he recited them correctly)
19)[line 23]עציבATZIV- sad
20)[line 30]ערובי תחומיןERUVEI TECHUMIN
(a)A person is allowed to walk only a distance of 2000 Amos, approximately 960 meters (3147 feet) or 1,152 meters (3774 feet), depending upon the differing Halachic opinions, from his city or dwelling place (if he is not in a city) on Shabbos or Yom Tov. If he wants to walk another 2000 Amos, he must make an Eruv Techumin.
(b)This is accomplished by placing an amount of food that would be used for two meals nearly 2000 Amos away from his present location, in the direction in which he wishes to walk. The location where his food is placed is considered his new dwelling or place of Shevisah for that Shabbos or Yom Tov, and he may walk 2000 Amos in any direction from there.
21)[line 30]ערובי חצרותERUVEI CHATZEIROS
(a)THE TORAH LAW - According to Torah law, in a courtyard (Chatzer) that has in it houses owned by different people, all of the neighbors may transfer objects from their houses to the courtyard and into other houses on Shabbos. Even though each house is a separately owned Reshus ha'Yachid and the Chatzer is a jointly owned Reshus ha'Yachid, it is permissible to move objects from one Reshus ha'Yachid to another.
(b)ERUVEI CHATZEIROS AND SHITUFEI MAVO'OS - King Shlomo decreed that transferring objects from one Reshus ha'Yachid to another is forbidden unless an Eruv Chatzeiros (lit. a mixing of the courtyard, Rambam Hil. Eruvin 1:6; or fraternization of the courtyard, Eruvin 49a) is created on Friday, before Shabbos begins (Shabbos 14b, Eruvin 21b). The equivalent of an Eruv Chatzeiros for an alley or a city is called a Shituf Mavo'os. This is accomplished by all of the neighbors collectively setting aside a loaf of bread, in one common container, in one of the houses of the courtyard (or, in the case of Shituf, in one of the courtyards of the alleyway). This shows that all neighbors have an equal share in all of the Reshuyos ha'Yachid, just as they all have a share in that bread. Through this act, they can be considered one Reshus again. (RAMBAM ibid. 1:4-9)
22)[line 37]משום דשלח רבי אלעזר לגולהMISHUM D'SHALACH REBBI ELAZAR LA'GOLAH- [the answer to your question is that] we are uncertain whether you thought Rebbi is Machmir or Meikal, because Rebbi Elazar sent to the people of Bavel that he had an opposite tradition as to what Rebbi's opinion was on this matter [and perhaps your tradition was like that of Rebbi Elazar].
23)[line 42]לקלקולאL'KILKULA- disastrous, detrimental