AVODAH ZARAH 4 - Two weeks of study material have been dedicated by Mrs. Estanne Abraham Fawer to honor the Yahrzeit of her father, Rav Mordechai ben Eliezer Zvi (Rabbi Morton Weiner) Z'L, who passed away on 18 Teves 5760. May the merit of supporting and advancing Dafyomi study -- which was so important to him -- during the weeks of his Yahrzeit serve as an Iluy for his Neshamah.

[4a - 50 lines; 4b - 49 lines]

1)[line 1]"כי הנה היום בא בוער כתנור; והיו כל זדים וכל עושׂה רשׁעה קשׁ, ולהט אותם היום הבא אמר ה' צ-בקות, אשׁר לא יעזוב להם שׁורשׁ וענף""KI HINEH HA'YOM BA, BO'ER KA'TANUR; V'HAYU CHOL ZEDIM V'CHOL OSEH RISH'AH KASH, V'LIHAT OSAM HA'YOM HA'BA... ASHER LO YA'AZOV LAHEM SHORESH V'ANAF"- "For, behold, the day is coming, burning like an oven; and all the arrogant, and all who do wickedly, shall be stubble; and the day that comes shall burn them up, says HaSh-m Tzeva-kos, so that it will not leave them root nor branch" (Malachi 3:19).

2)[line 6]"וזרחה לכם יראי שׁמי שׁמשׁ צדקה ומרפא בכנפיה; [ויצאתם ופשׁתם כעגלי מרבק]""V'ZARCHAH LACHEM YIR'EI SHEMI SHEMESH [TZEDAKAH U'MARPEI BI'CHNAFEHA; [VI'YTZASEM U'FISHTEM K'EGLEI MARBEK]"- "But to you who fear My name the sun of righteousness shall arise with healing in its wings [and you shall go forth leaping like calves from the stall]" (Malachi 3:20).

3)[line 7]שמתעדנין בהMIS'ADNIN BAH- they will be refreshed, rejuvenated by it

4)[line 8]"... ויצאתם ופשׁתם כעגלי מרבק""... VI'YTZASEM U'FISHTEM K'EGLEI MARBEK"- see above, entry #2

5)[line 15]"שׁק-י לא מצאנוהו שׂגיא כח; [ומשׁפט ורב צדקה לא יענה]""SHAKAI, LO METZANUHU SAGI CHO'ACH..."- "HaSh-m, we have not found Him [to be too] great in strength; [and [with Him there is] justice and much righteous, He does not oppress [for no reason]]" (Iyov 37:23).

6)[line 16]"נאדרי בכח""NE'DARI BA'KO'ACH"- "glorified with strength" (Shemos 15:6)

7a)[line 17]בשעת הדיןBI'SHE'AS HA'DIN- at the time of judgment (when it is His will to be merciful)

b)[line 17]בשעת מלחמהBI'SHE'AS MILCHAMAH- against idol worshippers (RABEINU CHANANEL)

8)[line 17]"חימה אין לי; [מי יתנני שׁמיר שׁית במלחמה, אפשׂעה בה אציתנה יחד]""CHEMAH EIN LI; [MI YITNENI SHAMIR SHAYIS BA'MILCHAMAH, EFSE'AH VAH ATZISENAH YACHAD]"- "Fury is not in Me; [who would set the briers and thorns against Me in battle? I would step through them, I would burn them together]" (Yeshayah 27:4).

9)[line 19]שכבר נשבעתיSHE'KEVAR NISHBATI- since I have already sworn [not to rage against them]

10)[line 19]מי יתנני שלא נשבעתיMI YITNENI SHE'LO NISHBATI- who could give Me [the opportunity to rescind My oath] as if I did not swear (and I would then rage against the evildoers of Yisrael)

11)[line 22]אבקש בניגני שלהםAVAKESH BA'NIGNI SHELAHEM- I will look at (a) their historical chronicles (RASHI); (b) their acts (TOSFOS)

12)[line 23]"אך לא בעי ישׁלח יד, אם בפידו להן שׁוע""ACH LO V'IY YISHLACH YAD, IM B'FIDO LAHEN SHU'A"- "But [there] in the mound [of the grave] He will not stretch out His hand, [even] if they (the buried) would cry out [to Him] about His trouble [which comes] to them" (Iyov 30:24) - The Gemara that follows interprets this verse to refer to the gradual punishment of Yisrael over the generations, to insure that they remain in existence as a nation.

13)[line 24]"עוה עוה עוה אשׂימנה; [גם זאת לא היה, עד בא אשׁר לו המשׁפט ונתתיו]""AVAH AVAH, AVAH ASIMENAH; [GAM ZOS LO HAYAH, AD BO ASHER LO HA'MISHPAT U'NESATIV]"- "A ruin, a ruin, a ruin will I make it; such a thing has never been, until the executor of judgment comes, and I will deliver him into his hands" (Yechezkel 21:32) - The Gemara interprets this verse as referring to the sudden destruction of the idol- worshippers.

14a)[line 26]כפיד של תרנגוליןPID SHEL TARNEGOLIN- (O.F. bechedure) the pickings of a chicken

b)[line 26]שמנקרין באשפהSHE'MENAKRIN BA'ASHPAH- that peck in a garbage heap

15)[line 27]אני מצרפן לחשבון גדולANI METZARFAN L'CHESHBON GADOL- I join them to create a great sum

16)[line 28]שמשוועין לפניMESHAV'IN LEFANAI- they supplicate before Me

17)[line 29]"[אוי להם כי נדדו ממני, שׁד להם כי פשׁעו בי;] ואנכי אפדם, והמה דברו עלי כזבים""... V'ANOCHI EFDEM, V'HEMAH DIBRU ALAI KEZAVIM"- "[Woe to them, for they have fled from Me! Destruction to them, because they have transgressed against Me!] I would have redeemed them, but they have spoken lies against Me" (Hoshea 7:13).

18)[line 31]"ואני יסרתי חזקתי זרועותם; ואלי יחשבו רע""VA'ANI YISARTI CHIZAKTI ZERO'OSAM; V'ELAI YECHASHVU RA"- "Though I have trained them and strengthened their arms, yet they plan evil against Me" (Hoshea 7:15).

19a)[line 33]משתבח להו רבי אבהו למיני ברב ספרא דאדם גדול הואMISHTABE'ACH LEHU REBBI AVAHU L'MINEI B'RAV SAFRA D'ADAM GADOL HU- Rebbi Avahu praised Rav Safra as a great person/Talmid Chacham, in front of the Minim

b)[line 33]למיניMINEI- the Jewish infidels or idolaters, who were constantly interested in disproving traditional Judaism from the verses of Tanach

20)[line 33]שבקו ליה מיכסא דתליסר שניןSHAVKU LEI MICHSA DI'TELEISAR SHENIN- they let him off from paying taxes for thirteen years (see Gemara Bava Basra 8a, where it states that the Rabanan are exempt from paying any taxes)

21)[line 34]אשכחוהוASHKECHUHU- they (the Minim) found him (Rav Safra)

22)[line 34]"רק אתכם ידעתי מכל משׁפחות האדמה; על כן אפקוד עליכם את כל עונותיכם""RAK ESCHEM YADA'TI MI'KOL MISHPECHOS HA'ADAMAH; AL KEN EFKOD ALEICHEM ES KOL AVONOSEICHEM"- "Only you have I known of all of the families of the earth; therefore I will punish you for all your iniquities" (Amos 3:2).

23a)[line 35]מאן דאית ליה סיסיא / סוסיא בישאMAN D'IS LEI SISYA / SUSYA BISHA- one who has (a) anger, fury; (b) a mad horse

b)[line 36]ברחמיה מסיק ליה?B'RACHAMEI MASIK LEI?- Does he (a) vent his fury against his friend? (b) cause his friend to ride on the mad horse?

24)[line 37]רמו ליה סודרא בצואריהRAMU LEI SUDRA B'TZAVAREI- they threw a scarf around his neck [and started to choke him]

25a)[line 40]בתנאיB'TANA'EI- in Mishnaic literature

b)[line 40]בקראיBI'KERA'EI- in verses

26)[line 40]אנן דשכיחינן גביכוןANAN DI'SHECHICHINAN GABAICHON- I, who often have dealings with you (Rebbi Avahu was a confidant of the secular authorities - Kesuvos 17a)

27)[line 41]רמינן אנפשין ומעיינןRAMINAN A'NAFSHIN U'ME'AININ- I put my mind to delving into [these types of questions]

28)[line 42]לאדם שנושה משני בני אדםADAM SHE'NOSHEH MI'SHENEI VENEI ADAM- a person who demands repayment of a loan from two people

29)[line 42]נפרעNIFRA- he (the creditor) takes repayment

30)[line 44]חולין הואCHULIN HU- it is profane [for You]

31)[line 45]"[ואמרת לאדמת ישׂראל, כה אמר ה', הנני אליך והוצאתי חרבי מתערה;] והכרתי ממך צדיק ורשׁע""... V'HICHRATI MIMECH TZADIK V'RASHA"- "[And say to the land of Yisrael, 'Thus says HaSh-m: Behold, I am against you, and will draw forth My sword out of its sheath;] and I will cut off from you the righteous and the wicked'" (Yechezkel 21:8).

32a)[line 45]בצדיק שאינו גמורTZADIK SHE'EINO GAMUR- a righteous person who is not entirely righteous

b)[line 45]בצדיק גמורTZADIK GAMUR- an entirely righteous person

33)[line 46]"[זקן בחור ובתולה וטף ונשׁים תהרגו למשׁחית, ועל כל אישׁ אשׁר עליו התו אל תגשׁו,] וממקדשׁי תחלו; [ויחלו באנשׁים הזקנים אשׁר לפני הבית]""... UMI'MIKDASHI TACHELU..."- "[Slay the old, the youths and maidens, little children and women, but come not near any man upon whom is the mark,] and begin at my sanctuary. [Then they began with the old men who were before the house]" (Yechezkel 9:6) - "My sanctuary" refers to the most righteous people of the nation.

34a)[line 46]ממקדשיMIKDASHI- My sanctuary

b)[line 46]ממקודשיMEKUDASHAI- My holy ones, i.e. the most righteous people

35)[line 47]למחותLIMCHOS- to lodge a protest

36)[line 48]"[א-לקים שׁופט צדיק; ו]קל זועם בכל יום""... KEL ZO'EM B'CHOL YOM"- "[HaSh-m is a righteous judge, and] a G-d Who has indignation every day" (Tehilim 7:12) - Even though HaSh-m vents His fury every day, there are survivors.

37)[line 48]"לפני זעמו מי יעמוד, [ומי יקום בחרון אפו; חמתו נתכה כאשׁ, והצרים נתצו ממנו]""LIFNEI ZA'MO MI YA'AMOD..."- "Who can stand before His indignation? [And who can abide in the fierceness of His anger? His fury is poured out like fire, and the rocks are broken asunder by Him]" (Nachum 1:6).

38)[line 49]וכמה זעמו?KAMAH ZA'MO?- How long does his fury last?

39)[line 49]אחת מחמש ריבוא ושלשת אלפים ושמונה מאות וארבעים ושמונה בשעהACHAS ME' 53,848 B'SHA'AH- one part out of 53,848 of an hour (see Girsa Section to Berachos 7:2)

40)[last line]ואין כל בריה יכולה לכוין אותה רגעV'EIN KOL BERIYAH YECHOLAH L'CHAVEIN OSAH REGA- and not creature can pinpoint that instant

4b----------------------------------------4b

41)[line 3]בעידנאB'IDNA- at the time

42)[line 5]ברטיבא שדאי ליהBI'RETIVA SHADA'I LEI- I sent it out to pasture (Bil'am was embarrassed that he did not ride on a horse)

43)[line 6]"ותאמר האתון אל בלעם, הלוא אנכי אתונך [אשׁר רכבת עלי מעודך עד היום הזה, ההסכן הסכנתי לעשׂות לך כה; ויאמר 'לא']""VA'TOMER HA'ASON..."- "And the donkey said to Bil'am, 'Am not I your donkey, upon which you have ridden ever since you were, to this day? [Was I ever wont to do so to you?' And he said, 'No']" (Bamidbar 24:30).

44)[line 7]לטעינא בעלמאLI'TE'INA B'ALMA- only for carrying loads (Bil'am was embarrassed that he rode on a donkey)

45)[line 8]אקראי בעלמאAKRAI B'ALMA- only upon chance occasions

46)[line 11]"[ויאמרו לו עבדיו יבקשׁו לאדני המלך נערה בתולה, ועמדה לפני המלך] ותהי לו סכנת...""... U'SEHI LO SOCHENES..."- "[And his servants said to him, 'Let there be sought for my lord the king a young maiden, and let her stand before the king,] and be his attendant...'" (Melachim I 1:2).

47)[line 14]"עמי, זכר נא מה יעץ בלק מלך מואב, ומה ענה אותו בלעם בן בעור; מן השטים עד הגלגל, למען דעת צדקות ה'""AMI, ZECHOR NA MAH YA'ATZ BALAK MELECH MO'AV, U'MEH ANAH OSO BIL'AM BEN BE'OR; MIN HA'SHITIM AD HA'GILGAL, LEMA'AN DA'AS TZIDKOS HASH-M"- "O My people, remember now what Balak king of Moav planned, and what Bil'am the son of Be'or answered him; from the [Plains of] Shitim to the Gilgal, that you may know the righteousness of HaSh-m" (Michah 6:5).

48)[line 20](מעובדי כוכבים) משונאיהם של ישראל(ME'OVDEI KOCHAVIM) MI'SON'EIHEM SHEL YISRAEL- (lit. from the enemies of Yisrael) from Yisrael

49a)[line 21]שרידSARID- a remnant

b)[line 21]ופליטPALIT- a refugee

50)[line 22]"מה אקב לא קבה קל; ומה אזעם לא זעם ה'""MAH EKOV LO KABO KEL; U'MAH EZ'OM LO ZA'AM HASH-M?"- "How can I curse? HaSh-m has not cursed. How can I anger? HaSh-m has not become angry" (Bamidbar 23:8).

51)[line 23]וכמה זעמו? רגעV'CHAMAH ZA'MO? REGA- And how long does His fury last? An instant.

52)[line 24]וכמה רגע?V'CHAMAH REGA?- And how long is an instant?

53)[line 25]רגע כמימריהREGA K'MEIMREI- (lit. "Rega" like it is voiced) an instant is as long as the time that it takes to say the word "Rega"

54)[line 26]"כי רגע באפו, חיים ברצונו; [בערב ילין בכי, ולבקר רנה]""KI REGA B'APO; CHAYIM BI'RETZONO..."- "For His anger lasts but a moment, in His favor is life; [weeping may endure for a night, but joy comes in the morning]" (Tehilim 30:6).

55)[line 27]"... חבי כמעט רגע עד יעבור זעם""... CHAVI CHI'M'AT REGA, AD YA'AVOR ZA'AM"- "... wait a small moment, until the wrath passes" (Yeshayah 26:20).

56)[line 28]כי חיורא כרבלתא דתרנגולאKI CHIVRA KARBALTA D'TARNEGOLA- when the comb of the rooster turns white

57)[line 30]סורייקי סומקיSHURAIKEI SUMKEI- (O.F. tajes) red speckles. It seems that at a certain point in the morning these red speckles on the comb turn white.

58)[line 31]בקראיBI'KRA'EI- by asking him questions on verses in the Torah

59)[line 31]נקט תרנגולאNAKAT TARNEGOLA- he took a rooster

60)[line 31]ואוקמיה בין כרעיה דערסאUKMEI BEIN KAR'EI D'ARSA- he stood it at the foot of his (Rebbi Yehoshua Ben Levi's) bed

61)[line 32]אלטייהALATYEI- I will curse him

62)[line 32]נימנםNIMNEM- he dozed

63)[line 33]"גם ענושׁ לצדיק לא טוב""GAM ANOSH LA'TZADIK LO TOV"- "Also a person who is not good will punish the righteous" (Mishlei 17:26) - The Gemara reads this phrase as, "Also it is not good for a righteous person to mete out punishment."

64)[line 34]לא ליצלי איניש צלותא דמוספי בתלת שעי קמייתא דיומא, ביומא קמא דריש שתא, ביחידLO LITZLI INISH TZELOSA D'MUSFEI BI'TELAS SHA'EI KAMAISA D'YOMA, B'YOMA KAMA D'REISH SHATA, B'YACHID- when he is alone (not with a quorum of people who are praying), a person should not pray the Musaf prayer of the first day of Rosh HaShanah in the first three hours of the day

65)[line 35]כיון דמפקיד דינאKEIVAN D'MIFKID DINA- since he is being remembered in judgment

66)[line 35]ודחפו ליה מידחיDACHAFU LEI MIDCHI- he might be punished (lit. pushed away)

67)[line 36]נפישא זכותיהNEFISHA ZECHUSEI- their merit is great

68)[line 36]דיחיד דצפראD'YACHID D'TZAFRA- a person who is alone, with regard to the morning prayer

69)[line 38]תורה... אין הקדוש ברוך הוא עושה לפנים משורת הדין; דין... עושה לפנים משורת הדיןTORAH... EIN HA'KADOSH BARUCH HU OSEH LIFNIM MI'SHURAS HA'DIN; DIN... OSEH LIFNIM MI'SHURAS HA'DIN- when HaSh-m is learning Torah, about which the verses use the word "Emes," "truth," if He were to sit in judgment, He would not compromise. With regard to Din, judgment, however, about which the verses do not use the word "Emes," when He would sit in judgment, He would compromise. In other words, if HaSh-m sits in judgment during the time that He learns Torah, which is referred to as "Emes," "truth," He does not compromise. At the time that is set aside for His judgment, which is not referred to as "Emes" by the verses, He does compromise.

70)[line 38]לפנים משורת הדיןLIFNIM MI'SHURAS HA'DIN- (lit. further inside from the line of the law) to go beyond what the law requires

71)[line 39]יום מעיד טרף בעגל סימןYOM ME'ID TARAF BA'EGEL SIMAN- this is a mnemonic device for remembering the four statements of Rebbi Yehoshua ben Levi that follow:

1.Yom refers to "Mai di'Chesiv, Asher Anochi Metzavecha ha'Yom..." (line 40)

2.Me'id refers to "Kol Mitzvos she'Yisrael Osin ba'Olam ha'Zeh Ba'os u'Me'idos..." (line 41)

3.Taraf refers to "Kol Mitzvos she'Yisrael Osin ba'Olam ha'Zeh Ba'os v'Torfos..." (line 43)

4.ba'Egel refers to "Lo Asu Yisrael Es ha'Egel... " (line 46)

72)[line 44]וטורפותTORFOS- shatter, mix up

73)[line 47]"מי יתן והיה לבבם זה להם, ליראה אותי [ולשׁמר את כל מצותי] כל הימים; [למען ייטב להם ולבניהם לעלם]""MI YITEN V'HAYAH LEVAVAM ZEH LAHEM L'YIR'AH OSI... KOL HA'YAMIM..."- "O that there were such a heart in them, that they would fear Me, [and keep all of My commandments] always; [that it might be well with them, and with their children forever!]" (Devarim 5:26).

74)[line 48]"ולבי חלל בקרבי""V'LIBI CHALAL B'KIRBI"- "My heart is dead within me" (Tehilim 109:22) - The heart in this verse refers to the Yetzer ha'Ra.

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