hebrew
1)

What is the significance of the bells?

1.

Ramban #1: It is the Kohen Gadol's way of knocking vefore entering Hashem's domain, and of receiving permission to leave. 1

2.

Ramban #2 (citing the Yerushalmi in Yoma, 1:5) and Rashbam: So that, when the Kohen would enter the Kodesh, they would ring 2 and anybody who happened to be present (even angels), would leave, 3 and when they took their leave. 4

3.

Erchin, 16a: The Me'il atones for Lashon ha'Ra that is spoken publicly. Consequently, 'Let something that makes a noise atone for a (sinful) noise!' 5


1

Since someone who enters the king's palace unannounced is Chayav Misah, like we find by Achashverosh (See Esther, 4:11 [Ramban]). See also Rav Chavel's footnotes - as to why this applies the whole year round, and is confined to the Heichal, but not to the Kodesh Kodshim. Refer also to 28:35:2:2.

2

See Vayikra 16:17 (Ramban and Rashbam). 3

In order not to intrude on the Kohen Gadol's private audience with Hashem. 4

So that whoever had left was now permitted to return (Ramban).

5

Refer also to 28:32:1:1.

2)

What can we extrapolate from the words "ve'Lo Yamus"?

1.

Rashi: That if the Kohen Gadol enters to do the Avodah minus one of the eight Begadim, he is Chayav Misah. 1

2.

Ramban: With reference to the bells on the Me'il, the Pasuk is informing Aharon that, if he enters the Heichal unannounced (not wearing the Me'il) he will be Chayav Misah. 2


1

This is strange, since the Pasuk is not talking about the Bigdei Kehunah, but about the bells on the Me'il? See also Ramban's objections to this explanation.

2

Refer to 28:35:1:1*.

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