1) [line 1] LIHEYOS MAFRISH ALEHA TERUMAH V'HOLECH - in order to separate Terumah [and Ma'asros] each day from this [barrel for all of the wine that he will drink or sell each day] (TERUMAH: TOREM MI'MIN AL SHE'EINO MINO)
(a) After a crop that is grown in Eretz Yisrael is harvested and brought to the owner's house or yard, he must separate Terumah Gedolah from the crop and give it to a Kohen. Although the Torah does not specify the amount to be given (a single grain exempts the entire batch), the Rabanan set the requirement at one fiftieth of the total crop.
(b) After Terumah is removed from the produce, one tenth of the produce that remains must be designated "Ma'aser Rishon," and given to a Levi. The Levi, in turn, must separate one tenth of his Ma'aser Rishon as Terumas Ma'aser, to be given to a Kohen, as it states in Bamidbar 18:26.
(c) The produce may not be eaten until both Terumos have been removed, and it is known as Tevel. The punishment for eating Tevel is Misah b'Yedei Shamayim.
(d) A second tithe is given every year after Ma'aser Rishon has been separated. The tithe that is separated in the third and sixth years of the 7-year Shemitah cycle is called Ma'aser Ani and is given to the poor.
(e) The tithe that is separated during the first, second, fourth and fifth years is called Ma'aser Sheni. The Torah requires that Ma'aser Sheni be brought and eaten by its owner in Yerushalayim. (f) A person must separate Terumah from every type of produce independently. This is learned from the verse "Kol Chelev Yitzhar [v'Chol Chelev Tirosh v'Dagan...]" If he separated mi'Min Al she'Eino Mino, his action is invalid and he must separate Terumah again. According to Rebbi (Daf 84a-84b), wine and vinegar are considered two independent products, with regard to Terumos and Ma'asros.
2) [line 5] CHAMRA ME'ILA'EI AKAR - wine begins to turn into vinegar at the top [of the barrel]
3) [line 6] V'HAI TE'IMEI V'LO AKAR - and he tasted it and it had not yet begun to turn [into vinegar]
4) [line 7] HAVAH REICHA CHALA V'TA'AMEI CHAMRA - it has the aroma of vinegar and the taste of wine (when it begins to turn into vinegar)
5) [line 11] MI'TATA'EI AKAR - [wine] begins to turn into vinegar at the bottom [of the barrel]
6) [line 12] AKAR V'LAV A'DA'ATEI - it had already started to turn into vinegar (at the bottom of the barrel) and he did not notice it
7) [line 16] DEROMA'EI - the Elders from the south (YA'AVETZ)
8) [line 22] CHALA SIFTEKA - strong, very sour vinegar (that has been complete vinegar for at least three days, and as such, it must have started to turn to vinegar at least six days ago)
9) [line 26] HA'MOCHER CHAVIS YAYIN L'CHAVERO - a person who sells a barrel of wine to another person
10a) [last line] BI'RESHUS MOCHER - (lit. in the possession of the seller) the seller is responsible to replace the vinegar with wine
b) [last line] BI'RESHUS LOKE'ACH - (lit. in the possession of the buyer) the buyer suffers the loss and the seller is not responsible to replace the vinegar with wine
D.A.F. Home Page
See the Daf
|Sponsorships & Donations
Mailing Lists Archives Ask the Kollel
Dafyomi Weblinks Dafyomi Calendar
Hear the Daf