BACKGROUND TO THE DAILY DAF

brought to you by Kollel Iyun Hadaf of Yerushalayim
daf@dafyomi.co.il    http://www.dafyomi.co.il


Previous Daf
BAVA BASRA 96
Question Mark
Ask A
Question

BAVA BASRA 96 (8 Kislev) - Dedicated l'Iluy Nishmas Shoshana Raizel bas Reb Yisrael Leib -- Mrs. Rose Shaw -- on the ninth Yahrzeit of her passing, by her granddaughter's family, Seth and Sheila Jutan.

[96a - 28 lines; 96b - 19 lines]

1) [line 1] LIHEYOS MAFRISH ALEHA TERUMAH V'HOLECH - in order to separate Terumah [and Ma'asros] each day from this [barrel for all of the wine that he will drink or sell each day] (TERUMAH: TOREM MI'MIN AL SHE'EINO MINO)
(a) After a crop that is grown in Eretz Yisrael is harvested and brought to the owner's house or yard, he must separate Terumah Gedolah from the crop and give it to a Kohen. Although the Torah does not specify the amount to be given (a single grain exempts the entire batch), the Rabanan set the requirement at one fiftieth of the total crop.
(b) After Terumah is removed from the produce, one tenth of the produce that remains must be designated "Ma'aser Rishon," and given to a Levi. The Levi, in turn, must separate one tenth of his Ma'aser Rishon as Terumas Ma'aser, to be given to a Kohen, as it states in Bamidbar 18:26.
(c) The produce may not be eaten until both Terumos have been removed, and it is known as Tevel. The punishment for eating Tevel is Misah b'Yedei Shamayim.
(d) A second tithe is given every year after Ma'aser Rishon has been separated. The tithe that is separated in the third and sixth years of the 7-year Shemitah cycle is called Ma'aser Ani and is given to the poor.
(e) The tithe that is separated during the first, second, fourth and fifth years is called Ma'aser Sheni. The Torah requires that Ma'aser Sheni be brought and eaten by its owner in Yerushalayim. (f) A person must separate Terumah from every type of produce independently. This is learned from the verse "Kol Chelev Yitzhar [v'Chol Chelev Tirosh v'Dagan...]" If he separated mi'Min Al she'Eino Mino, his action is invalid and he must separate Terumah again. According to Rebbi (Daf 84a-84b), wine and vinegar are considered two independent products, with regard to Terumos and Ma'asros.

2)
[line 5] CHAMRA ME'ILA'EI AKAR - wine begins to turn into vinegar at the top [of the barrel]
3)
[line 6] V'HAI TE'IMEI V'LO AKAR - and he tasted it and it had not yet begun to turn [into vinegar]
4)
[line 7] HAVAH REICHA CHALA V'TA'AMEI CHAMRA - it has the aroma of vinegar and the taste of wine (when it begins to turn into vinegar)
5)
[line 11] MI'TATA'EI AKAR - [wine] begins to turn into vinegar at the bottom [of the barrel]
6)
[line 12] AKAR V'LAV A'DA'ATEI - it had already started to turn into vinegar (at the bottom of the barrel) and he did not notice it
7)
[line 16] DEROMA'EI - the Elders from the south (YA'AVETZ)
8)
[line 22] CHALA SIFTEKA - strong, very sour vinegar (that has been complete vinegar for at least three days, and as such, it must have started to turn to vinegar at least six days ago)
9)
[line 26] HA'MOCHER CHAVIS YAYIN L'CHAVERO - a person who sells a barrel of wine to another person
10a)
[last line] BI'RESHUS MOCHER - (lit. in the possession of the seller) the seller is responsible to replace the vinegar with wine
    b)
[last line] BI'RESHUS LOKE'ACH - (lit. in the possession of the buyer) the buyer suffers the loss and the seller is not responsible to replace the vinegar with wine


96b----------------------------------------96b


11)
[line 1] CHAMRA A'KASPA D'MAREI SHAVAR - (a) lit. wine jumps onto the shoulder of its owner, i.e. the Mazal (fate) or sins of the buyer caused the wine to spoil (RASHBAM); (b) lit. wine jumps [and spoils when it is transported] on the shoulder of its owner, i.e. when the buyer transports the wine to his home on his shoulder, the rocking of the barrel causes the wine to spoil (RABEINU TAM, RABEINU GERSHOM)
12)
[line 2] SHICHRA - beer
13) [line 2] AVAD RAV YOSEF UVDA KAVASEI D'RAV B'SHICHRA V'CHAVASEI DI'SHMUEL B'CHAMRA - Rav Yosef ruled, in practice, according to Rav with regard to [a purchase of] beer [that went sour], and according to Shmuel with regard to [a purchase of] wine [that went sour]. (See BACH to Tur Choshen Mishpat 230:7, who explains that the reason Rav Yosef ruled like this (according to the Rashbam) is because it is only wine that depends on a person's Mazal and not beer.)
14)
[line 3] HILCHESA KAVASEI DI'SHMUEL - the Halachah follows the opinion of Shmuel (with regard to both wine and beer; it seems that many Rishonim did not have this line in their Gemara, and they therefore ruled like Rav Yosef; see RIF, ROSH, and RAMBAM, and BACH to Tur Choshen Mishpat 230:7)
15a)
[line 4] SHECHAR TEMARIM - date beer
    b)
[line 5] SHECHAR SE'ORIM - barley beer
    c)
[line 5] SHEMAREI YAYIN - lees/dregs of wine
16)
[line 9] RAMA TELASA V'ASA ARBA'AH - he put in three [portions of water] and four [portions of Temed, the liquid obtained from soaking Shemarei Yayin in water,] came out
17)
[line 11] KOL CHAMRA D'LO DARI AL CHAD TELAS MAYA - any wine that is not diluted with three parts water to one part wine
18a)
[line 15] TELASA AYIL - three [portions of water] went in
    b)
[line 15] TELASA NAFIK - three [portions of water] came out
19)
[line 15] PASH LEI PALGA - a half [portion of wine] remains
20)
[line 17] PASH LEI KUZA - a [complete cup of wine] remains
21)
[line 18] KUZA BI'TREI U'FALGA CHAMRA MA'ALYA HU - a cup [of wine] in two and a half [portions of water] is good wine
22)
[last line] B'YOSER MI'CHEDEI MIDASO - in a case in which more [liquid came out] than the amount of the original measure [of water that was added]

Next Daf

Index to Background for Maseches Bava Basra

OTHER D.A.F. RESOURCES ON THIS DAF
Insights
 • 
Review
Questions
 • 
Review
Summary
 • 
Point by Point
Outline
 • 
Halachah
Outlines
 • 
Tosfos
Outlines
 • 
Revach l'Daf
 • 
English Charts
& Graphics

Review
Quiz
 • 
Hebrew
Charts
 • 
Yosef
Da'as
 • 
Chidonim
 • 
Galei
Masechta
 • 
Lectures:Iyun
or Archaeology

KIH Logo
D.A.F. Home Page



See the Daf

Sponsorships & Donations  •  Readers' Feedback
Mailing Lists  •  Archives  •  Ask the Kollel
Dafyomi Weblinks  •  Dafyomi Calendar
Chomer b'Ivrit

Hear the Daf