1a) [line 1] KITNIS, ROVA - when there is a mixture of Kitnis (see previous Daf, entry #32) in the wheat, then the buyer must accept up to a quarter of a Kav of Kitnis per every Se'ah of wheat (i.e. 1/24th)
b) [line 1] AFRURIS, PACHOS ME'ROVA - when there is a mixture of Afruris (dirt and other foreign matter) in the wheat, the buyer must accept only less than a quarter of a Kav of Afruris per every Se'ah of wheat, but not more
2) [line 3] CHITIN, MEKABEL ALAV ROVA KITNIS L'SE'AH - if he buys wheat, then he must accept a quarter of a Kav of Kitnis (see previous Daf, entry #32) per every Se'ah of wheat
3) [line 5] NISHOVES - foreign matter that is blown into the lentils
4) [line 5] ADASHIM - lentils
5) [line 7] MI'AKAR AKREI LEHU - they are uprooted [from the ground together with their roots, and they are not cut like wheat or barley]
6a) [line 14] IM BA L'NAPOS - if he (the buyer) wants to sift the wheat (to remove the impurities)
b) [line 14] MENAPEH ES KULO - he may sift it all (and if he finds more than a quarter of a Kav of impurities per Se'ah, the seller must reimburse him for all of it, and he cannot claim that the buyer must accept up to a quarter of a Kav)
7a) [line 15] DINA - it is the law. (According to the law, the buyer is not required to accept more than a quarter of a Kav of impurities per Se'ah wheat that he buys, for he expects to receive clean wheat. He only accepts up to (and including) a quarter of a Kav per Se'ah, since it is not worth the effort or the expenses to sift the wheat just to remove such a small amount of impurities.)
b) [line 15] KENASA - it is a penalty. (According to the law, the buyer should be required to accept more than a quarter of a Kav of impurities per Se'ah of wheat that he buys, because he knows that wheat contains impurities and he foregoes that amount of wheat that he is not receiving. However, we penalize the seller and require him to reimburse the buyer when there is more than a quarter of a Kav of impurities per Se'ah, because such a large amount does not occur frequently and it is likely that the seller intentionally mixed the impurities into the wheat.
8) [line 21] (SIMAN KOL TREI SHTAREI D'RAVIN BAR RAV NACHMAN ONA'AH V'KABLENUSA) - this is a mnemonic device for remembering the proofs that the Gemara will cite for or against the ruling of Rav Huna, or for whether his ruling is a "Din" or a "Kenas:"
1. Kol refers to "Kol Se'ah she'Yesh Bah..." (line 22)
2. Trei refers to "Ta Shema, Shenayim she'Hifkidu..." (Daf 94b, line 6)
3. Shtarei refers to "Ta Shema, Shtar she'Yesh Bo Ribis..." (Daf 94b, line 16)
4. D'Ravin bar Rav Nachman refers to "Ta Shema, d'Tani Ravin bar Rav Nachman..." (Daf 94b, line 23)
5. Ona'ah refers to "Ta Shema, ha'Ona'ah..." (Daf 95a, line 4)
6. v'Kablenusa refers to "Ta Shema, ha'Mekabel Sadeh me'Chaveiro..." (95a, line 12)
9) [line 22] KOL SE'AH SHE'YESH BO ROVA MI'MIN ACHER YEMA'ET - every Se'ah [of wheat] that has in it a quarter of a Kav of a different species, he must reduce it (to under a quarter of a Kav) (KIL'AYIM)
(a) The word Kil'ayim means "forbidden mixture," which refers to two items, each of which is permitted, which the Torah prohibits to combine. Although the term "Kil'ayim" refers to many different types of forbidden mixtures (see Background to Kidushin 39:23a), our Gemara is referring to Kil'ei Zera'im.
(b) KIL'EI ZERA'IM refers to the prohibition of sowing any two different types of crops together or within close proximity to each other, as the Torah states, "Sadecha Lo Sizra Kil'ayim" - "Do not sow different species (together) in your field" (Vayikra 19:19). One who intentionally transgresses this prohibition is liable to Malkos.
1. The Mishnayos in Maseches Kil'ayim specify the distance that one must leave in between different crops.
2. Crops that grow in a field that has been planted with Kil'ei Zera'im are not prohibited to be eaten.
3. The prohibition of Kil'ei Zera'im only applies in Eretz Yisrael (Kidushin 39a).
(c) Our Gemara is discussing planting seeds of one crop, in which there is mixed a small amount of seeds of another crop. The Mishnah in Maseches Kil'ayim (2:1) teaches that if the amount of the second species is less than a quarter of a Kav per Se'ah of the first species, then the second species is Batel to the first and one is permitted to plant the seeds (see TOSFOS YOM TOV ibid. who explains the reasoning for this).
10) [last line] MISHUM CHUMRA D'CHIL'AYIM - because of the severity [of the prohibition] of Kil'ayim
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